2017 Riyadh summit

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Riyadh Summit 2017
Logo Riyadh summit.png
Host country Saudi Arabia
Date May 20, 2017 – May 21, 2017
Motto Together, We Prevail
Venue(s) Ritz Carlton Hotel, Riyadh
King Abdulaziz International Conference Center
Cities Saudi Arabia Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Participants See below
Chair King Salman of Saudi Arabia
Website www.riyadhsummit2017.org

ContentsThe 2017 Riyadh summit (Arabic: قمة الرياض 2017‎‎) was a series of three summits held on 20–21 May 2017 on the occasion of the visit of United States President Donald Trump to Saudi Arabia, his first trip overseas. The summit included one bilateral meeting, between the United States and Saudi Arabia, and two multilateral meetings, one between the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council and the other with Arab and Muslim countries.[1] Leaders and representatives of 55 Arab and Muslim countries were in attendance.[2]

Background[edit source]

United States-Saudi Arabia summit[edit source]

President Trump and King Salman talk during summit proceedings at the Al-Yamamah Palace in Riyadh on May 20.

President Trump made his first foreign trip to Saudi Arabia arriving at King Khalid International Airport on May 20, where he met with King Salman.[3][4][5] Trump then traveled to the Murabba Palace, where the King awarded him the Collar of Abdulaziz Al Saud.[6]Trump later visited the National Museum of Saudi Arabia.[7] In the evening, Trump and the U.S. delegation took part in the traditional ardah sword dance.

Trade agreement and arms deal[edit source]

On May 20th, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump signed a US $350 billion arms deal with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. [8][9][10] The arms deal was the largest in world history. [11][12][13]The transaction included tanks, combat ships missile defence systems, as well as radar, communications and cybersecurity technology. The transfer was widely seen as a counterbalance against the influence of Iran in the region. [14][15] The arms transfer was described by news outlets as a “significant” and “historic” expansion of United States relations with Saudi Arabia. [16][17][18][19][20]

United States-Gulf Cooperation Council Summit[edit source]

Trump met with GCC leaders the morning of May 21st.[1]

Arab Islamic American Summit[edit source]

File:President Trump Participates in the Arab Islamic American Summit Riyadh.webm

Trump’s speech at the Arab Islamic American Summit.

King Salman, Presidents Trump and el-Sisi inaugurate the Global Center for Combating Extremism by touching a glowing orb.

King Salman and President Trump gave keynote addresses at the Arab Islamic American Summit. Trump called for Muslim leaders to “drive out” terrorism from their countries, and condemned Hamas and the Iranian government for their support of the government of Bashar al-Assad. Also speaking were President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt, Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah of Kuwait, King Abdullah II of Jordan, President Joko Widodo of Indonesia, and Prime Minister Najib Razak of Malaysia.[citation needed]

At the close of the summit the leaders inaugurated the new Global Center for Combating Extremism in Riyadh, intended as a centre of excellence for fighting violent extremism which is conducive to terrorism, involving a number of international counter-extremism experts. [21] To officially open the center King Salman, President Trump, and President el-Sisi placed their hands on a glowing orb in the shape of a globe, which was cause for mirth among the international media.[22]

Trump speech[edit source]

Countries attending[edit source]

  1.  Afghanistan: President Ashraf Ghani
  2.  Albania
  3.  Algeria: Abdelkader Bensalah, President of the Council of the Nation[23]
  4.  Azerbaijan: President Ilham Aliev
  5.  Bahrain: King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
  6.  Bangladesh: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
  7.  Benin : President Patrice Talon
  8.  Brunei: Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
  9.  Burkina Faso: President Roch Marc Kabore[24]
  10.  Cameroon
  11.  Chad: President Idriss Déby
  12.  Comoros
  13.  Djibouti
  14.  Egypt: President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
  15.  Gabon: President Ali Bongo Ondimba
  16.  The Gambia: President Adama Barrow[25]
  17.  Guinea: President Alpha Condé
  18.  Guinea-Bissau: President José Mário Vaz
  19.  Guyana
  20.  Indonesia: President Joko Widodo
  21.  Iraq: President Fuad Masum[26]
  22.  Ivory Coast: President Alassane Ouattara
  23.  Jordan: King Abdullah II
  24.  Kazakhstan: President Nursultan Nazarbayev
  25.  Kuwait: Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  26.  Kyrgyzstan
  27.  Lebanon: Prime Minister Saad Hariri
  28.  Libya
  29.  Malaysia: Prime Minister Najib Razak
  30.  Maldives: President Abdulla Yameen
  31.  Mali: President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
  32.  Mauritania: President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
  33.  Morocco: Minister of Foreign Affairs Nasser Bourita[27]
  34.  Mozambique:
  35.  Niger: President Mahamadou Issoufou
  36.  Nigeria
  37.  Oman: Deputy Prime Minister Fahd bin Mahmoud al Said[28]
  38.  Pakistan: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
  39.  State of Palestine: President Mahmoud Abbas
  40.  Qatar: Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
  41.  Senegal: President Macky Sall
  42.  Sierra Leone:
  43.  Somalia: President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
  44.  Sudan: Minister of State Taha al-Hussein[29]
  45.  Suriname
  46.  Tajikistan: President Emomali Rahmon[24]
  47.  Togo
  48.  Tunisia: President Beji Caid Essebsi
  49.  Turkey: Minister of Foreign Affairs Mevlut Cavusoglu
  50.  Turkmenistan
  51.  Uganda
  52.  Uzbekistan: President Shavkat Mirziyoyev[30]
  53.  Yemen
  54.  United Arab Emirates: Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  55.  United States of America: President Donald J. Trump

Cancelled[edit source]

King Salman and President Trump take part in the traditional ardah dance at the Murabba Palace. The Iranian government would go on employ this as symbolic of US complicity for the Saudi-led group’s actions in the Qatari crisis.

  1.  Morocco: King Mohammed VI was scheduled to attend but cancelled his plans a week prior to the summit for unspecified reasons.[31]
  2.  Sudan: President Omar al-Bashir declined to attend after officials at the U.S. Embassy in Riyadh registered their objections to his planned attendance.[29]

Aftermath[edit source]

Emboldened by Trump’s criticism of Iran, many Arab countries decided to take action against their perceived enemies. Bahrain began cracking down on its Shi’ite majority, killing 5 and arresting 286 people. Bahrain also shut down an independent newspaper and outlawed country’s last opposition group.[32]

On 5 June 2017, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Yemen, Egypt and Bahrain all announced they were cutting diplomatic ties with Qatar.[32] Hamid Aboutalebi, deputy chief of staff of Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani, tweeted, “What is happening is the preliminary result of the sword dance,” referring to Trump’s conduct at the Summit


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