From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 2016. For other uses, see 2016 (disambiguation).
2016 (MMXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (dominical letter CB) of the Gregorian calendar, the 2016th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 16th year of the 3rd millennium, the 16th year of the 21st century, and the 7th year of the 2010s decade.
- January 3 – Following the fallout caused by the execution of Nimr al-Nimr, Iran ends its diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia.
- January 8 – Joaquín Guzmán, widely regarded as the world’s most powerful drug trafficker, is recaptured following his escape from a maximum security prison in Brazil.
- January 16 – The International Atomic Energy Agency announces that Iran has adequately dismantled its nuclear weapons program, allowing the United Nations to lift sanctions immediately.
- January 28 – The World Health Organization announces an outbreak of the Zika virus.
- February 7 – North Korea launches a long-range rocket into space, violating multiple UN treaties and prompting condemnation from around the world.
- February 12 – Pope Francis and Patriarch Kirill sign an Ecumenical Declaration in the first such meeting between leaders of the Catholic and Russian Orthodox Churches since their split in 1054.
- March 14 – The ESA and Roscosmos launch the joint ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter on a mission to Mars.
- March 21 – The International Criminal Court finds former Congolese Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity, the first time the ICC convicted someone of sexual violence.
- March 22 – Three coordinated bombings in Brussels, Belgium kill at least 32 and injure at least 250. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claims responsibility for the attacks.
- March 24 – Ex-Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadžić is sentenced to 40 years in prison after being found guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity committed during the Bosnian War.
- March 27 – A suicide blast in Gulshan-e-Iqbal Park, Lahore kills 75 people and injures around 340 others with a millitant Sunni Islamic organization claiming responsibility for targeting Christians celebrating Easter.
- April 2 – Clashes between Armenian and Azerbaijani military in Nagorno-Karabakh kill at least 193 people, which becomes the heaviest breach of the 1994 ceasefire.
- April 3 – The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) and the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung publish a set of 11.5 million confidential documents from the Panamanian corporate Mossack Fonseca that provides detailed information on more than 214,000 offshore companies, including the identities of shareholders and directors including noted personalities and heads of state.
- May 19 – EgyptAir Flight 804 crashes with 66 people on board over the Mediterranean en route from Paris to Cairo.
- May 30 – Former Chadian President Hissène Habré is sentenced to life in prison for crimes against humanity committed during his tenure from 1982 to 1990, the first time an African Union-backed court convicted a former ruler of a country within its jurisdiction.
- June 1 – The Gotthard Base Tunnel, the world’s longest and deepest railway tunnel, is opened following two decades of construction work.
- June 23 – Brexit: the United Kingdom votes in a referendum to leave the European Union.
- June 28 – ISIL claims responsibility for attacking Atatürk Airport in Istanbul, killing 45 and injuring around 230.
- July 1 – Latvia becomes the 35th member of the OECD.
- July 4 – NASA‘s Juno spacecraft enters orbit around Jupiter and begins a 20-month survey of the planet.
- July 12 – The Philippines wins the arbitration case they filed at the Permanent Court of Arbitration regarding the legality of China‘s “Nine-Dash Line” claim over the South China Sea under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
- July 22 – The final videocassette recorder is manufactured by the Japanese company Funai.
- July 26 – Solar Impulse 2 becomes the first solar-powered aircraft to circumnavigate the Earth.
- August 5–21 – The 2016 Summer Olympics are held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- August 31 – The Brazilian Senate votes (61–20) to impeach the President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff. The Vice President of Brazil, Michel Temer, who had assumed the presidential powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil during Rousseff’s suspension, takes office for the remainder of her term.
- September 3 – The US and China, together responsible for 40% of the world’s carbon emissions, both ratify the Paris global climate agreement.
- September 8 – NASA launches OSIRIS-REx, its first asteroid sample return mission. The probe will visit Bennu and is expected to return with samples in 2023.
- September 9 – The government of North Korea conducts its fifth and reportedly biggest nuclear test. World leaders condemn the act, with the South calling it “maniacal recklessness”.
- September 28
- International investigators conclude that Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was shot down by a Buk missile that came from an area controlled by pro-Russian rebels.
- Global CO2 levels exceed 400 ppm at the time of year normally associated with minimum levels. A 400 ppm level is believed to be higher than anything experienced in human history.
- September 30 – Two paintings by Vincent Van Gogh with a combined value of $100 million, Seascape at Scheveningen and Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen, are recovered after having been stolen on December 7, 2002 from the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.
- October 13 – The Maldives announces its decision to withdraw from the Commonwealth of Nations.
- October 15 – 150 nations meet at the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) summit in Rwanda and agree to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) as an amendment to the Montreal Protocol.
- November 24 – The Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People’s Army sign a revised peace deal, bringing an end to the Colombian conflict.
- December 19 – Andrei Karlov, the Russian ambassador to Turkey, is assassinated in Ankara.
- December 22 – A study finds the VSV-EBOV vaccine against the Ebola virus between 70-100% effective, and thus making it the first proven vaccine against the disease.
- December 23 – The United Nations Security Council adopts Resolution 2334 condemning “Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories occupied since 1967“.
- December 25 – A Tupolev Tu-154 crashes near Sochi, Russia, killing all 92 people on board, including 64 members of the Alexandrov Ensemble.
- February 5 – Jigme Namgyel Wangchuck, heir apparent to the throne of Bhutan
- March 2 – Prince Oscar, Duke of Skåne
- April 19 – Prince Alexander, Duke of Södermanland
Main article: Deaths in 2016
Further information: Category:2016 deaths
- January 1 – Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer (b. 1930)
- January 2
- January 3
- January 4 – Michel Galabru, French actor (b. 1922)
- January 5 – Pierre Boulez, French composer, conductor and writer (b. 1925)
- January 6 – Silvana Pampanini, Italian actress (b. 1925)
- January 7
- January 8 – Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian racing driver (b. 1926)
- January 10
- January 14
- January 18
- January 19 – Ettore Scola, Italian screenwriter and film director (b. 1931)
- January 23 – Jimmy Bain, Scottish musician (b. 1947)
- January 24 – Marvin Minsky, American computer scientist (b. 1927)
- January 26
- January 28
- January 29
- January 30
- January 31 – Terry Wogan, Irish-British broadcaster (b. 1938)
- February 1 – Óscar Humberto Mejía Victores, 27th President of Guatemala (b. 1930)
- February 3
- February 4 – Edgar Mitchell, American astronaut (b. 1930)
- February 9 – Sushil Koirala, 37th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1939)
- February 13
- February 15 – George Gaynes, Dutch-born American actor (b. 1917)
- February 16 – Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and diplomat, Secretary-General of the UN (b. 1922)
- February 17
- February 19
- February 22 – Douglas Slocombe, British cinematographer (b. 1913)
- February 23 – Donald E. Williams, American astronaut (b. 1942)
- February 24 – Peter Kenilorea, 1st Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands (b. 1943)
- February 25 – Tony Burton, American actor (b. 1937)
- February 28 – George Kennedy, American actor (b. 1925)
- February 29
- March 5
- March 6 – Nancy Reagan, American actress, First Lady of the United States (b. 1921)
- March 8
- March 9 – Naná Vasconcelos, Brazilian jazz percussionist and vocalist (b. 1944)
- March 10
- March 11
- March 12 – Lloyd Shapley, American Nobel mathematician (b. 1923)
- March 13 – Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1926)
- March 14 – Peter Maxwell Davies, English composer and conductor (b. 1934)
- March 17
- March 18
- March 20 – Anker Jørgensen, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1922)
- March 21 – Andrew Grove, Hungarian-American electronic executive (b. 1936)
- March 22 – Rob Ford, Canadian politician (b. 1969)
- March 23 – Ken Howard, American actor (b. 1944)
- March 24
- March 26 – Raúl Cárdenas, Mexican footballer and coach (b. 1928)
- March 29 – Patty Duke, American actress (b. 1946)
- March 31
- April 2
- April 3
- April 4 – Chus Lampreave, Spanish actress (b. 1930)
- April 6 – Merle Haggard, American country singer (b. 1937)
- April 8 – Erich Rudorffer, German fighter ace (b. 1917)
- April 12
- April 16 – Louis Pilot, Luxembourgian football player and manager (b. 1940)
- April 17 – Doris Roberts, American actress (b. 1925)
- April 19
- April 20
- April 21 – Prince, American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (b. 1958)
- April 23 – Banharn Silpa-archa, 21st Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1932)
- April 24
- April 25 – Martin Gray, Polish writer (b. 1922)
- April 26 – Harry Wu, Chinese human rights activist (b. 1937)
- April 27 – Viktor Gavrikov, Lithuanian-Swiss chess Grandmaster (b. 1957)
- April 30 – Harry Kroto, English Nobel chemist (b. 1939)
- May 1 – Solomon W. Golomb, American mathematician (b. 1932)
- May 2 – Afeni Shakur, American music businesswoman (b. 1947)
- May 4
- May 5
- May 6 – Margot Honecker, East German politician (b. 1927)
- May 8 – William Schallert, American actor (b. 1922)
- May 10 – Kang Young-hoon, 21st Prime Minister of South Korea (b. 1922)
- May 16 – Giovanni Coppa, Italian cardinal (b. 1925)
- May 17
- May 19
- May 21
- May 22 – Bata Živojinović, Serbian actor and politician (b. 1933)
- May 26
- May 28
- May 31
- June 2 – Tom Kibble, British physicist (b. 1932)
- June 3
- June 5 – Jerome Bruner, American psychologist (b. 1915)
- June 6
- June 7 – Stephen Keshi, Nigerian footballer and manager (b. 1962)
- June 8
- June 10
- June 11 – Rudi Altig, German road racing cyclist (b. 1937)
- June 12 – George Voinovich, American politician (b. 1936)
- June 18 – Vittorio Merloni, Italian entrepreneur (b. 1933)
- June 19
- June 20 – Edgard Pisani, French politician (b. 1918)
- June 23
- June 25 – Maurice G. Dantec, French writer (b. 1959)
- June 27
- June 28
- June 30 – Martin Lundström, Swedish cross country skier (b. 1918)
- July 1 – Yves Bonnefoy, French poet (b. 1923)
- July 2
- Michael Cimino, American screenwriter and film director (b. 1939)
- Rudolf E. Kálmán, Hungarian-born American electrical engineer (b. 1930)
- Patrick Manning, 4th and 6th Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1946)
- Michel Rocard, Prime Minister of France (b. 1930)
- Elie Wiesel, Romanian-born American Nobel writer and political activist (b. 1928)
- July 4 – Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian film director (b. 1940)
- July 6 – Turgay Şeren, Turkish footballer (b. 1932)
- July 8
- July 9 – Silvano Piovanelli, Italian cardinal (b. 1924)
- July 12 – Goran Hadžić, Serbian politician and alleged war criminal (b. 1958)
- July 13
- July 14 – Péter Esterházy, Hungarian writer (b. 1950)
- July 16 – Nate Thurmond, American basketball player (b. 1941)
- July 19
- July 22 – Ursula Franklin, German-born Canadian scientist (b. 1921)
- July 23 – Thorbjörn Fälldin, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1926)
- July 24 – Marni Nixon, American vocalist (b. 1930)
- July 25
- July 27
- July 28
- July 30 – Gloria DeHaven, American actress (b. 1925)
- July 31
- August 1 – Queen Anne of Romania, French-born consort of former King Michael of Romania (b. 1923)
- August 2
- August 3 – Chris Amon, New Zealand motor racing driver (b. 1943)
- August 5 – Alphons Egli, Swiss politician (b. 1924)
- August 9 – Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster (b. 1951)
- August 13
- August 14
- August 15
- August 16
- August 17 – Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director (b. 1923)
- August 18 – Ernst Nolte, German historian (b. 1923)
- August 19
- August 22
- August 23
- August 24
- August 25
- August 26 – Harald Grønningen, Norwegian cross country skier (b. 1934)
- August 28
- August 29 – Gene Wilder, American actor (b. 1933)
- August 30
- September 1 – Jon Polito, American actor (b. 1950)
- September 2
- September 3 – Jean-Christophe Yoccoz, French mathematician (b. 1957)
- September 5
- September 7
- September 8
- September 11 – Alexis Arquette, American actress (b. 1969)
- September 12 – Sándor Csoóri, Hungarian poet (b. 1930)
- September 13 – Jonathan Riley-Smith, English medieval historian (b. 1938)
- September 16
- September 17
- September 20 – Curtis Hanson, American film director and screenwriter (b. 1945)
- September 23 – Marcel Artelesa, French footballer (b. 1938)
- September 24
- September 25
- September 26 – Herschell Gordon Lewis, American film director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
- September 27 – Jamshid Amouzegar, 71st Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1923)
- September 28 – Shimon Peres, 9th President and 8th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1923)
- September 29 – Miriam Defensor Santiago, Filipino politician (b. 1945)
- September 30 – Trịnh Thị Ngọ, Vietnamese radio personality (b. 1931)
- October 1 – David Herd, Scottish footballer (b. 1934)
- October 2 – Neville Marriner, British conductor (b. 1924)
- October 4 – Brigitte Hamann, German-Austrian historian and author (b. 1940)
- October 5 – Michal Kováč, 1st President of Slovakia (b. 1930)
- October 8 – Stylianos Pattakos, Greek military officer (b. 1912)
- October 9
- October 11 – Teatao Teannaki, 2nd President of Kiribati (b. 1936)
- October 13
- October 14 – Klim Churyumov, Soviet-Ukrainian astronomer (b. 1937)
- October 16
- October 20
- October 23
- October 24
- October 25 – Carlos Alberto Torres, Brazilian footballer (b. 1944)
- October 27 – Takahito, Prince Mikasa (b. 1915)
- October 28 – Nicholas Brathwaite, 3rd Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1925)
- October 29
- October 31 – Silvio Gazzaniga, Italian sculptor (b. 1921)
- November 2 – Oleg Popov, Russian clown (b. 1930)
- November 5 – Marek Svatoš, Slovakian ice hockey player (b. 1982)
- November 6 – Zoltán Kocsis, Hungarian pianist, conductor and composer (b. 1952)
- November 7
- November 11
- November 12 – Lupita Tovar, Mexican-American actress (b. 1910)
- November 13
- November 14 – Gardnar Mulloy, American tennis player (b. 1913)
- November 15
- November 16
- November 17 – Whitney Smith, American vexillologist (b. 1940)
- November 18 – Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (b. 1920)
- November 20
- November 23 – Andrew Sachs, German-born British actor (b. 1930)
- November 24
- November 25
- November 27 – Ioannis Grivas, 176th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1923)
- November 28
- November 29 – Luis Alberto Monge, 39th President of Costa Rica (b. 1925)
- December 2 – Sammy Lee, American Olympic diver (b. 1920)
- December 4 – Gotlib, French comic artist (b. 1934)
- December 5 – Geydar Dzhemal, Russian Islamic philosopher (b. 1947)
- December 5 – Jayalalithaa Jayaram, Indian politician (b. 1948)
- December 6 – Peter Vaughan, British actor (b. 1923)
- December 7
- December 8
- December 10 – Esma Redžepova, Macedonian-Romani singer (b. 1943)
- December 12 – Javier Echevarría Rodríguez, Spanish bishop (b. 1932)
- December 13
- December 14
- December 16 – Faina Melnyk, Ukrainian-born Russian Olympic discus thrower (b. 1945)
- December 17 – Henry Heimlich, American physician (b. 1920)
- December 18 – Zsa Zsa Gabor, Hungarian-American actress and socialite (b. 1917)
- December 20 – Michèle Morgan, French actress (b. 1920)
- December 22 – Miruts Yifter, Ethiopian long distance runner (b. 1944)
- December 23
- December 24
- December 25
- December 26 – Ashot Anastasian, Armenian chess grandmaster (b. 1964)
- December 27
- December 28
- December 29
- December 31 – Henning Christophersen, Danish politician (b. 1939)
Le Pen, the frontrunner in the race, has vowed to get France out of the European Union and stop/reverse the flood of Muslim freeloaders, rapists, and jihadists which have turned France into ‘NO GO’ nation – with hundreds of dangerous Muslim NO GO zones as well as a NO GO tourist destination- where increasing numbers of foreign visitors are now afraid to go.
The French learn quick.
Gunning for the anti-Russian sympathy vote, and perhaps anticipating a Hillry-type outcome in the coming presidential elections, French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron who is currently in second place in the polls with a 22% approval rating, behind Le Pen at 27%, said on Monday he was the target of Russian media “fake news” and his campaign is facing thousands of cyber attacks, according to his party chief.
Richard Ferrand, secretary-general of Macron’s En Marche! (Onwards!) party, said that Russian state-controlled media Russia Today and Sputnik had spread false reports with the aim of swinging public opinion against Macron.
“These attacks are coming from the Russian border,” Ferrand said. “We want a strong Europe. That’s why we’re subject to attacks on our information system from the Russian state.”
“We are in the presence of an orchestrated attempt by a foreign power to destabilize a presidential election candidate,” Ferrand said and called on the French government again to take steps to prevent foreign meddling in the French election campaign.
Ferrand said Moscow looked favorably on the policies of far-right leader Marine Le Pen and center-right candidate Francois Fillon – both election rivals of Macron – and both had been “mysteriously spared” from Russian media criticism.
“If these attacks succeeded, the campaign of En Marche would become extremely difficult, if not impossible,” Ferrand said in Le Monde online.
Ferrand also said the Macron campaign was being hit by “hundreds if not thousands” of attacks probing the campaign’s computer systems from locations inside Russia. Calling for government action to prevent foreign meddling in the election campaigning, Ferrand said: “What we want is for authorities at the highest level to take the matter in hand to guarantee that there is no foreign meddling in our democracy. The Americans saw it but it came to late.” He said about half of these thousands of attacks came mainly from Ukraine and had been organized and coordinated by a “structured group” and not by lone hackers.
With President Donald Trump weighing a thaw in relations with Putin, Macron argues that EU nations need to stick together in dealing with their eastern neighbor, Bloomberg added. While sanctions should be lifted in the long term, they must be kept in place if Russia is meddling in Europe’s democratic processes or using its energy exports as a form of geopolitical blackmail, the official said.
Whereas National Front leader Marine Le Pen has called EU sanctions on Russia “completely stupid” and Republican candidate Francois Fillon has repeatedly opposed them, Macron was part of a government that helped impose the measures and has labeled Fillon a “Putinopile” or Putin fan. “I don’t believe in French people saying that great-power France should be speaking to great-power Russia — good luck with that,” Macron said in January in Berlin. “Russia is indeed in Europe geographically and historically speaking. We have lot of passions together, literature. And Russians live as Europeans. But you have Russian leaders who don’t share our values and our views.”
Macron has jumped in campaigning for the French election and opinion polls make him favorite to win election in May. Ferrand said that Macron, as a staunch pro-European, was a Russian target because he wanted a strong united Europe that had a major role to play in world affairs, including in the face of Moscow. Sputnik earlier this month ran an interview with a conservative French lawmaker accusing Macron, a former investment banker, of being an agent of “the big American banking system”.
“Two big media outlets belonging to the Russian state Russia Today and Sputnik spread fake news on a daily basis, and then they are picked up, quoted and influence the democratic (process),” Ferrand said.
Similar accusations were lobbed at US media outlets by the losing Clinton campaign shortly after the election, accusing most websites who did not support Hillary Clinton of being distributors “fake news.”
Russia Today said it rejected allegations it spread fake news in general and in relation to Macron and the forthcoming French election. “It seems that it has become acceptable to level such serious charges at Russia Today without presenting any evidence to substantiate them, as well as to apply this ‘fake news’ label to any reporting that one might simply find unfavorable,” the news channel said in a statement.
As Reuters adds, Russian newspaper Izvestia has also reported comments from Wikileaks founder Julian Assange who said his organization had “interesting information” about Macron, who opinion polls say would easily beat far-right leader Marine Le Pen in a May 7 runoff.
Soon after the accusations, the Kremlin denied that it was behind media and internet attacks on Macron’s campaign. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, replying to a question on a daily conference call, said charges made on Monday by Macron’s party chief, Richard Ferrand, were absurd.
“We didn’t have and do not have any intention of interfering in the internal affairs of other countries, or in their electoral processes in particular,” Peskov told reporters. “That there is a hysterical anti-(President Vladimir) Putin campaign in certain countries abroad is an obvious fact.”
Well, in a world of “he said, she said” fake media accusations, there is nothing to lose by stating something that can not be disproven, and at best, can lead to some marginal sympathy by anti Russian voters.
Meanwhile, Sputnik, in a comment on Tuesday, said Ferrand’s accusations were false and lacked any evidence, and represented an attempt at spinning public opinion.
“By citing various opinions expressed by people involved in the election campaign, Sputnik always covers events as they are,” it said. Alas, these days any time news emerges which hurt’s ones political agenda, the response is rather generic: accuse it of being a source of “fake news”, as has now happened first in the US, then in Germany, and now in France.