Autonomous administrative division

Table by designation

Designation Division State Notes
Banner Oroqen  People’s Republic of China In effect, these are autonomous counties.
Evenk
Morin Dawa Daur
City Buenos Aires  Argentina
Ceuta  Spain The autonomous cities of Spain are two exclaves located on the north coast of North Africa surrounded byMorocco, separated from the Iberian peninsula by the Strait of Gibraltar.
Melilla
Sejong  Republic of Korea
Tashkent  Uzbekistan Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan
Commune Bangui  Central African Republic Bangui is the capital and the largest city of the Central African Republic
Community There are 17 autonomous communities of Spain
County There are 117 autonomous counties of the People’s Republic of China
District Council There are 8 autonomous district councils of India
Okrug There are 6 autonomous okrugs of Russia
Oblast Jewish Autonomous Oblast  Russia
Prefecture There are 30 autonomous prefectures of the People’s Republic of China
Province Aceh  Indonesia
Jeju  Republic of Korea
Kosovo and Metohija Claimed by:
 Serbia
In 2008, the Republic of Kosovo declared independence. While Serbia has not formally recognised Kosovo’s independence and still has an administrative apparatus for the Autonomous Province, its independence isrecognised by 108 UN member states.
Controlled by:
 Kosovo
Papua  Indonesia
South Tyrol  Italy
Trentino
Vojvodina  Serbia
West Papua  Indonesia
Yogyakatra
Region  Åland Islands  Finland
Aosta Valley  Italy
Azores  Portugal
Bougainville  Papua New Guinea
Friuli-Venezia Giulia  Italy
Guangxi  People’s Republic of China
Inner Mongolia
 Iraqi Kurdistan  Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan is the only region that has gained official recognition internationally as an autonomous regional entity.
Madeira  Portugal
Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao  Philippines
Mount Athos  Greece
Ningxia  People’s Republic of China
Nisga’a Nation  Canada
Nunatsiavut
RAAN  Nicaragua
RAAS
Rodrigues  Mauritius
Sardinia  Italy
Sicily
Tibet Autonomous Region  People’s Republic of China
Tłı̨chǫ  Canada
Xinjiang  People’s Republic of China
There are 14 autonomous regions of India, one of which is a de facto area
Republic Nakhchivan  Azerbaijan
Adjara  Georgia
Abkhazia Claimed by:
 Georgia
In 1990, the Republic of Abkhazia declared its independence from the Soviet Union. While Georgia has not formally recognised Abkhazia’s independence and still has an administrative apparatus for the Autonomous Province, its independence is recognized by 6 UN member states.
Controlled by:
 Abkhazia
Gorno-Badakhshan  Tajikistan
Crimea Claimed by:
 Ukraine
Controlled by
 Russia
Karakalpakstan  Uzbekistan
Sector Bissau  Guinea-Bissau
Territorial Unit Gagauzia  Moldova
Transnistria Claimed by:
 Moldova
In 1990, the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union. While Moldova has not formally recognised Transnistria’s independence and still has an administrative apparatus for the Autonomous Province, its independence is recognized by other 3 non-UN member states.
Controlled by:
 Transnistria

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List of active separatist movements in South America

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in South America. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Argentina Argentina[edit]

Main article: Mapuche conflict

Bolivia Bolivia[edit]

Brazil Brazil[edit]

Chile Chile[edit]

Main article: Mapuche conflict

Colombia Colombia[edit]

France France[edit]

Venezuela Venezuela[edit]

List of active separatist movements in Oceania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Oceania. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

 Australia[edit]

 Australia

 Chile[edit]

 Fiji[edit]

Rotuma

 France[edit]

 Indonesia[edit]

Aceh

  • Proposed state: Flag of Aceh.svg Republic of Aceh
    • Militant organisation: Free Aceh Movement (negotiated peace with the Indonesian government in 2005, and now it is a civil movement, but the separatism still has supporters)

Kalimantan

South Moluccas

Minahasa[8][9]

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

West Papua

Riau[citation needed]

  • Proposed state: Flag of Riau Independists.svg Riau

 Kiribati[edit]

 New Zealand[edit]

 Papua New Guinea[edit]

 United States[edit]

 Vanuatu[edit]

List of active separatist movements in Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Afghanistan Afghanistan

Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

  • Ethnic group: Pamiri
    • Proposed state: United Badakhshan Peoples Republic
    • Political parties: Lail Badakhshan

Burma Burma/Myanmar

Arakan

Zo Asia

Kachin

Kawthoolei

Karenni

Kukiland

Mon State

Nagaland

Northern Arakan

Shan States

Wa State

Zogam

China

The  People’s Republic of China and the  Republic of China insist sole legitimacy of China against each other. Practically, the former is administering Mainland China and the two special administrative regions of  Hong Kong and  Macau and the latter is administering the Taiwan area.

Mainland China

Inner Mongolia

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xinjiang

Special administrative regions

Hong Kong

Taiwan area

In perspective of the laws of the Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, but practically, the movement seeks to replace the ROC with the Republic of Taiwan because Taiwan area is the only practical region administered by the ROC.

In perspective of the laws of the People’s Republic of China, the Taiwan indepndence movement is considered as secessionism, too because the PRC considers the Taiwan area as its integral part.

India India

Arunachal Pradesh

Assam

Jammu and Kashmir (occupied/disputed area of the Kashmir valley only)

Manipur

Mizoram

Nagaland

Punjab

Tripura

Tamil Nadu

Indonesia Indonesia

Kalimantan

Minahasa

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

Riau

  • Proposed state: Riau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

West Papua

Iran Iran

Azerbaijan (Iran)

  • Ethnic group: Azerbaijan
    • Proposed state: South Azerbaijan SouthAzerbaijanFlag.gif or  Azerbaijan
    • Political party: CAMAH (South Azerbaijan National Liberation Movement), a Baku-based separatist organisation that advocates for the separation of Iranian Azerbaijan from Iran and unification with the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to them, the predominantly ethnic Persian provinces of Hamadan, Qazvin and Karaj and the whole of the ethnically mixed province of West Azerbaijan are parts of Azerbaijan.[21]

Turkmen Sahra

Khūzestān

 Kurdistan

Balcochistan

Iraq Iraq

See: Minorities in Iraq

Breakaway state:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Purposed states:

 Kurdistan

 Assyria

Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli

Sinjar

Israel Israel

Proposed states:

State of Judea

Occupied territories:

 Palestine

Japan Japan

Hokkaido

Okinawa

Laos Laos

Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Nepal Nepal

Madheshstan

Pakistan Pakistan[edit]

Balochistan [29]

Jammu & Kashmir

Sindh ethnic group sindhi proposed state:Sindhodesh political party:Jeay Sindh Qoami mOvement

 Palestine*

See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

State of Judea

Philippines Philippines

Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic group: Igorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[31]

Russia Russia[edit]

Main article: Secession in Russia

 Sakha Republic

 Siberia (North Asia)

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam

Syria Syria[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Western Kurdistan

Syrian Interim Government

Purposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda

 Assyria

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)

Tajikistan Tajikistan[edit]

Badakhshan

Thailand Thailand[edit]

Flag of Pattani.svg Patani

Turkey Turkey[edit]

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan [38]

Flag of Armenia.svg Western Armenia

Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[edit]

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Vietnam Vietnam[edit]

Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg Champa

Flag of BAJARAKA.svg Tây Nguyên

Flag of KKF.svg Cochinchina

Yemen Yemen[edit]

Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

List of active separatist movements in Africa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Africa. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

 Algeria

Berber flag.svg Kabyle

 Angola

Flag of Cabinda Province.svg Cabinda

United Kingdom British Overseas Territories

Chagos Islands (currently British Indian Ocean Territory)

(The Chagossians wish to have the right of return to the Chagos Islands who were evicted over 40 years ago to make way for British Army and US Army base)

 Cameroon

Bakassi Peninsula

Flag of The Federal Republic of Southern Cameroons.svg Ambazonia (member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and Organization of Emerging African States)

 Central African Republic

 Comoros

Flag of Mohéli.svg Mohéli

 Congo

 Democratic Republic of the Congo

 Egypt

Coptic flag.svg Copts

Bir Tawil

  • Ethnic group: Ababda
    • Proposed state: Republic of Ababda
    • Status: Technically independence as both Egypt and Sudan do not claim or control the region but no political organisation within the region currently governs Bir Tawil.

Nubia

 Equatorial Guinea

Bubi nationalist flag.svg Bioko

 Ethiopia

 France

Secessionist movements
  • Mayotte continues to have autonomist movements despite the island having voted to become France’s 101st department in 2011.[18]

 Ivory Coast

 Kenya

 Libya

Flag of Cyrenaica.svg Cyrenaica

Toubouland

 Mauritius

 Mali

MNLA flag.svg Azawad

 Morocco

Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg Western Sahara

Flag of the Republic of the Rif.svg Arrif

 Namibia

Flag of CANU.svg Caprivi

 Niger

Agadez

 Nigeria

Flag of Biafra.svg Biafra

Arewa

Niger Delta

Flag of the Ogoni people.svg Ogoni

Oduduwa

Boko Haram islamists

 Rwanda

 Senegal

Flag of Casamance.svg Casamance

 Somalia

 Somaliland

 South Africa

Afrikaner Vryheidsvlag.svg Boere-Afrikaners nation’s

CapePartLogo.gif Cape Party

 South Sudan

Nuerland

 Sudan

Beja Nation

Flag of Darfur.svg Darfur

Nubia

 Tanzania

Flag of Zanzibar.svg Zanzibar

 Uganda

Flag of Buganda.svg Buganda

 Zambia

Flag of Barotseland.svg Barotse

 Zimbabwe

Matabeleland

List of active separatist movements in North America

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in North America. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Canada Canada

Flag of Cascadia.svg British Columbia + Pacific Northwestern US

Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec (Main article: Quebec sovereignty movement)

Inuit Autonomist Movements:

Denmark Danish territories

For other movements in Denmark, see List of active separatist movements in Europe.

Greenland is geographically part of North America, but has been politically connected with Europe for a long time.

Flag of Greenland.svg Greenland

Mexico Mexico

Flag of the EZLN.svg Zapatista (Chiapas)

(As result of the dialog between the government and the EZLN support base, 5 small and remote regions of the Mexican southernmost state of Chiapas have established semi-autonomous self-governance, ruled under indigenous traditional councils that coexist alongside the official Mexican government, these regions are called Councils of Good Government)

Honduras Honduras and Nicaragua Nicaragua

Mosquito

United States United States

U.S. States[edit]

Flag of Alaska.svg Alaska

Pine Ridge Flag.svg Lakota Sioux (South Dakota and North Dakota)

Confederate National Flag since Mar 4 1865.svg The South

Flag of Texas.svg Texas

Flag of the Vermont Republic.svg Vermont

Flag of Cascadia.svg Cascadia (Washington + Oregon + the Canadian province of British Columbia)

United States United States Territories

 

Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico

France French Overseas Departments

Flag of Martinique.svg Martinique

United Kingdom United Kingdom overseas territories

List of active separatist movements in Europe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of active separatist movements in Europe. Red names indicate regions with movements that only claim greater autonomy within the actual state. Black names indicate regions with important secessionist movements, although both categories include moderate movements. The nations highlighted in colors are the territories claimed by the local nationalist groups, including areas out of the state’s borders and cases of annexation to other states (click to enlarge).

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Europe. Separatism often refers to full political secession,though separatist movements may seek nothing more than greater autonomy.

What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with active members;
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy);
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and do not come from another country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Various ethnic groups in Europe are seeking greater autonomy or independence. In the European Union (EU), several of these groups are members of the European Free Alliance (EFA). In some cases, the group seeks union with a neighbouring country.

Albania Albania

Northern Epirus

Azerbaijan Azerbaijan

Belgium Belgium

Further information: Partition of Belgium

 Brussels-Capital Region

 Flemish Region or the Flemish Community (the latter includes Brussels)

German-speaking Community of Belgium

 Walloon Region

Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina

 Republika Srpska

 Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia

Croatia Croatia

Istria

Rijeka

Cyprus Cyprus

Breakaway state:

 Northern Cyprus

Czech Republic Czech Republic

 Moravia

Czech Silesia

Denmark Denmark

For movements in Greenland, see List of active separatist movements in North America.

 Bornholm

 Faroe Islands

Finland Finland

 Åland

Sápmi (area) Sápmi

France France

Some of the claimed nations and/or regions – 1. Brittany, 2. France proper (excluding Wallonia), 3. Occitania, 4.Lorraine which is sometimes part of France proper, 5. Alsace, 6. Basque Country, 7. Catalonia and 8. Corsica.

Secessionist movements
Gradual and eventual secession
Autonomist movements

Georgia (country) Georgia

Breakaway states:

 South Ossetia

Proposed autonomous movements:

Armenia Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti

Azerbaijan Borchali Azerbaijanis

Germany Germany

Bavaria

East Frisia

Franconia

Lusatia

Schleswig-Holstein

Italy Italy

Sardinia

South Tyrol

Veneto

Kosovo Kosovo

See: International recognition of Kosovo

Serbia North Kosovo

Latvia Latvia

Latgale flag.JPG Latgale

 Moldova

Breakaway state:

 Transnistria

Proposed independent and autonomous movements:

 Gagauzia

Taraclia[26]

Netherlands Netherlands

Frisia

  • Ethnic group: Frisian
    • Proposed autonomous region: Frisia
      • Political party: Frisian National Party, (EFA member)
      • Status: Democratic movement seeking greater autonomy for Frisian-speaking people in Friesland[27]

Norway Norway

 Sápmi

Kvenland

Poland Poland

Upper Silesia

Kashubia

  • Ethnic group: Kashubians
    • Proposed autonomous area: Kashubia
    • An association of people: Kaszëbskô Jednota who want to actively participate in the life of the Kashubian nation and who recognize its right to cultural autonomy and self-identity within the multi-ethnic society.

Romania Romania

The geographical distribution of Hungarians in Romania

Székely Land, Transylvania, Banat, Partium

Szekler National Council,[37] Hungarian National Council of Transylvania, Liga Pro Europa, a Romanian-Hungarian regionalist NGO.,[36] Provincia, a group of intellectuals promoting regionalization of Romania,[36] Autonomy for Transylvania (AFT) campaign, it demands autonomy for Transylvania.[38] Democratic League of Transylvania (Liga Transilvania Democrată), a regionalist NGO,[39] an active supporter of the “Autonomy for Transylvania” campaign,[40] League of Banat (Liga Banateana), a regionalist NGO.[41][42]

Russia Russia

Russia’s North Caucasus

Russia’s other European regions[edit]

Serbia Serbia

Vojvodina Vojvodina

Sandžak

Preševo Valley

Breakaway state:

Kosovo Republic of Kosovo

Slovakia Slovakia

The geographical distribution of Hungarians in Slovakia

Autonomist movements:

  • Political parties: Party of the Hungarian Community,[48] In 2010, the party renewed their demand for autonomy.[49]
    • Goals: Territorial autonomy for the compact Hungarian ethnic block and cultural autonomy for the regions of sporadic Hungarian presence.[50]

Spain Spain

Areas in Spain with separatist movements.

The disputed territory of Olivenza.

 Canary Islands (Main article: Canarian nationalism)

 Andalusia (Main article: Andalusian nationalism)

 Aragon

Asturias Asturias (Main article: Asturian nationalism)

Balearic Islands Balearic Islands

Basque Country (autonomous community) Basque Country (autonomous community) (Main article: Basque nationalism)

Cantabria Cantabria

Catalonia Catalonia (Catalan independence)

 Castile

Galicia (Main article: Galician nationalism)

Bandera del País Leonés.svg Leonese Country (Main article: Leonesismo)

Sweden Sweden

Sápmi (area) Sapmi

Scania

Switzerland Switzerland

Geneva

  • Regional group: Genevan
    • Proposed state: La République de Genève” or “Free State of Geneva”

Jura

Flag of Canton of Tessin.svg Ticino

Turkey Turkey

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan[53]

Ukraine Ukraine

Breakaway state:

Map of protests by region, indicating severity of the unrest at its peak

Federal State of Novorossiya Novorossiya

Disputed status:

 Republic of Crimea

City of Sevastopol

Proposed autonomous regions:

 Crimea

Subcarpathian Ruthenia

United Kingdom United Kingdom and its dependencies

The United Kingdom, the Crown Dependencies and the Republic of Ireland (click to enlarge)

Constituent countries of the United Kingdom

See also: Home Nations

England

 Cornwall (possibly including the ScillonianCross.svg Isles of Scilly)

 England

Ceremonial counties in Southern England[64]

 Yorkshire (historical county)

Northern Ireland

 Ulster

Reunification of Northern Ireland with Ireland

Scotland

 Scotland

Northern Isles ( Orkney and  Shetland)

Western Isles Council Flag.svg Outer Hebrides (Western Isles)

Wales

 Wales

Crown dependencies

Channel Islands[edit]

 Bailiwick of Guernsey (including  Alderney,  Sark and other smaller islands and rocks)

 Bailiwick of Jersey (including smaller islands and rocks)

Isle of Man

Overseas Territories

For movements in other British Overseas Territories, see the List of active separatist movements in North America.

 Gibraltar