# MATH  TRICKS

There is how to multiply any two digit numbers

• Take 15 x 13 for an example.
• Always place the larger number of the two on top in your mind.
• Then draw the shape of Africa mentally so it covers the 15 and the 3 from the 13 below. Those covered numbers are all you need.
• First add 15 + 3 = 18
• Add a zero behind it (multiply by 10) to get 180.
• Multiply the covered lower 3 x the single digit above it the “5” (3×5= 15)

Add 180 + 15 = 195.

The 11 Rule

You likely all know the 10 rule (to multiply by 10, just add a 0 behind the number) but do you know the 11 rule? It is as easy! You should be able to do this one in you head for any two digit number. Practice it on paper first!

To multiply any two digit number by 11:

• For this example we will use 54.
• Separate the two digits in you mind (5__4).
• Notice the hole between them!
• Add the 5 and the 4 together (5+4=9)

Put the resulting 9 in the hole 594. That’s it! 11 x 54=594

The only thing tricky to remember is that if the result of the addition is greater than 9, you only put the “ones” digit in the hole and carry the “tens” digit from the addition. For example 11 x 57 … 5__7 … 5+7=12 … put the 2 in the hole and add the 1 from the 12 to the 5 in to get 6 for a result of 627 … 11 x 57 = 627
Practice it on paper first!