Fraternal Order of Eagles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fraternal Order of Eagles
FOEAerieLogo.JPG
Founded February 6, 1898
Founder John Cort, John W. Considine, Tim J. Considine, Harry (H.L.) Leavitt, Mose Goldsmith, and Arthur Williams
Focus Social Issues
Location
Origins Seattle, Washington
Area served International
Endowment $10 Million
Slogan “People Helping People.”
Website foe.com

Fraternal Order of Eagles (F.O.E.) is an international fraternal organization that was founded on February 6, 1898, in Seattle, Washington by a group of six theater owners including John Cort (the first president), brothers John W. and Tim J. Considine, Harry (H.L.) Leavitt (who later joined the Loyal Order of Moose), Mose Goldsmith and Arthur Williams.[1] Originally made up of those engaged in one way or another in the performing arts, the Eagles grew and claimed credit for establishing the Mother’s Day holiday in the United States as well as the “impetus for Social Security“. Their lodges are known as “aeries”.

History

Terracotta ornamentation of the former Eagles Aerie No. 1, Eagles Auditorium Building in Seattle.

The Fraternal Order of Eagles, an international non-profit organization, unites fraternally in the spirit of liberty, truth, justice, and equality, to make human life more desirable by lessening its ills, and by promoting peace, prosperity, gladness and hope.[2]

The Fraternal Order of Eagles was founded on February 6, 1898. The organization was formed by six theater owners sitting on a pile of lumber in Moran‘s shipyard in Seattle, Washington. They were competitors who had come together to discuss a musicians’ strike. After deciding how to handle the strike, they agreed to “bury the hatchet” and form an organization dubbed, “The Order of Good Things.”

Early meetings were held on local theater stages, and after taking care of business, attendees rolled out a keg of beer and enjoyed social time. As numbers grew, participants selected the bald eagle as the official emblem and changed the name to “The Fraternal Order of Eagles.” In April, 1898, the membership formed a Grand Aerie, secured a charter and developed a constitution and by-laws, with John Cort elected the Eagles’ first president. Touring theater troupes are credited with much of the Eagles’ rapid growth. Most early members were actors, stagehands and playwrights, who as carried the Eagles story as they toured across the United States and Canada.

The organization’s success is also attributed to its funeral benefits (no Eagle was ever buried in a potter’s field), the provision of an aerie physician, and other membership benefits.[3] The Eagles pushed for the founding of Mother’s Day, provided the impetus for Social Security, and pushed to end job discrimination based on age. The Eagles have provided support for medical centers across the United States and Canada to build and provide research on medical conditions. Every year they raise millions of dollars to combat heart disease and cancer, help children with disabilities, and uplift the aged and infirm.

The Fraternal Order of Eagles is known for short as the F.O.E.

History of the Aerie

An aerie in nature is the lofty nest of any bird of prey, including eagles and hawks.[4] In the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the term Aerie is the name of the building in which the members meet and hold events.

History of the Auxiliary

Official logo of the Fraternal Order of Eagles Auxiliary

A “new era for the women of Eagledom” began when an amendment to the Grand Aerie Laws to establish a Grand Auxiliary passed unanimously at the 1951 Grand Aerie Convention in Rochester, New York.[5] Eagle Auxiliaries had existed before the Grand Auxiliary was formed, the first being founded on March 24, 1927 in Pittsburg, Kansas. Three days later,a second Auxiliary was established inFrontenac, Kansas. By March 1951, 965 local Auxiliaries were in existence, totalling 130,000 members. By the end of that year, 22 state and provincial Auxiliaries were also operating.[6]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1898 — “Order of Good Things” established. Later that year, the organization changed its name to Fraternal Order of Eagles and formed the first Aerie.
  • 1904 — F.O.E. starts advocating for Mother’s Day
  • 1927 — Creation and formation of the Ladies Auxiliary
  • 1935 — Support for enactment of Social Security Law
  • 1944 — Eagles Memorial Fund established
  • 1954 — Nearly 10,000 Ten Commandments plaques distributed
  • 1955 — F.O.E. Ten Commandments monument placed in Ambridge, PA. F.O.E. Ten Commandments monument placed on the grounds of a state capital, Denver, CO
  • 1957 — Nationwide “Jobs After 40” program inaugurated
  • 1967 — Jimmy Durante Children’s Foundation established
  • 1972 — Golden Eagle Fund established
  • 1983 — Max Baer Heart Fund offered first grants for Aerie-sponsored CPR classes $405,000 donated to Eagles’ Truman Cardiovascular Lab at Research Medical Center, Kansas City Golden Eagle Fund donated $5,000 in grants to institutions conducting Alzheimer’s disease research
  • 1985 — Donations to St. Jude Hospital top $1 million
  • 1988 — Eagles matched grants up to $500 to sponsor Drug Education Seminars
  • 1991 — Eagles supported Operation Desert Storm with mail and food packages
  • 1995 — $50,000 donated for the Eagle Alcove of the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Washington, D.C. (Roosevelt was a lifetime F.O.E. member)
  • 2001 — Memorial Foundation established Attack on America Fund and raised $500,000 F.O.E. purchased property to consolidate international headquarters
  • 2002 — International headquarters opened in Grove City, Ohio
  • 2005 — Eagles rededicated Ten Commandments monument at international headquarters F.O.E. generously supported development of a new scoliosis brace named the “Eagle Brace” F.O.E. signed first year contract with Braun Racing for FOE.com-sponsored car
  • 2006 — Eagles worked with local government leaders to keep “under God” in the Pledge of Allegiance. F.O.E. signed second year contract with Braun Racing
  • 2007 — Eagles supported American Eagle & Literary Challenge in quest to name June 20 National Eagle Day, The Disaster Relief Fund was passed which will allow the Eagles to have “trailers” stocked with supplies to be a first response team.
  • 2008 — $25 million gift commitment to fund The Fraternal Order of Eagles Diabetes Research Center at The University of Iowa.

Structure and Organization[edit]

Elected Officers
Grand Aerie Grand Auxiliary
Grand Worthy President Grand Madam President
Grand Worthy President-Elect Grand Madam President-Elect
Grand Worthy Vice-President Grand Madam Vice-President
Grand Secretary Grand Madam Secretary
Grand Treasurer Grand Madam Treasurer
Grand Worthy Conductor Grand Madam Conductor
Grand Inside Guard Grand Madam Inside Guard
Grand Outside Guard Grand Madam Outside Guard
Grand Worthy Chaplain Grand Madam Chaplain
Grand Worthy Trustee (x4) Grand Madam Trustee (x4)

Local units are called “Aeries”.[7] There were 1,400 Aeries scattered across the US and Canada in 2001.[8]The national convention is known as the “Grand Aerie” and meets annually.[9] “Grand Aerie” is also the name of the headquarters of the organization, currently at Grove City, Ohio.[10]

Aeries are known by their instituting number and the name of the city in which they are located. The Aerie instituting number is appointed based on the order in which an Aerie is instituted; at current date the Grand Aerie is instituting Aeries in the 4500 range. Naturally, Aerie #1 is located in Seattle, WA.[11]

The Grand Aerie Fraternal Order of Eagles International Convention is held each year in a different city in either the United States or Canada. During the International Convention, delegates from all Aeries and Auxiliaries vote on the new Grand Aerie and Grand Auxiliary representatives, new by-laws and other relevant issues.[12]

Officers[edit]

Officers of the Fraternal Order of Eagles, on a local and international level, are elected each year by popular vote of their delegates. State and regional leaders are appointed each year by the Grand Worthy and Grand Madam Presidents.

The organization is led by the two highest elected positions, the Grand Worthy President and the Grand Madam President. The Grand Worthy and Grand Madam Presidents serve a one-year term touring the two countries meeting and celebrating milestone events with all Aerie and Auxiliary members.

The Grand Aerie Officers are the operating body of the Fraternal Order of Eagles between conventions and work with the Board of Grand Trustees and the Grand Auxiliary. The Board of Grand Trustees, with the exception of the Chairman of the Board, is also an elected body. The Chairman of the Board is the immediate past Grand Worthy President.

Membership[edit]

At one point the qualifications for membership were that one must be 21 years old, possess a good character, not be a Communist and be a Caucasian. By the late 1970s the all white provision had officially been rescinded, but, because the Order used the blackball to admit new members, it was difficult for minorities to gain membership. In 1979 the FOE tried to get a lawsuit dismissed that alleged it was violating the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by not allowing African Americans to use their athletic facilities. The article stated that a local Eagle official could only cite Joe Louis as a black member of the FOE.[13]

As of 2007 membership is open to any person of good moral character, and believes in the existence of a supreme being.[14]

In 1979 the Order had 800,000 members, a figure said to have been relatively constant over a decade.[15] In 2011, it had 850,000 member in the main organization and 250,000 members of the women’s auxiliary.[16]

Ritual[edit]

The FOE no longer uses secret passwords or “roughhouse initiation” rite. But, in 1979, it still had a ritual. The prospective member was asked to promise before God and on his honor, not to disclose the rituals of the Order to anyone outside of the FOE. The initiation took place in lodge room furnished with an altar and a Bible and included religious phrases and prayers.[17]

Benefits[edit]

The FOE had an insurance program in its early years, but discontinued this in 1927. Instead it offered sick and death benefits for members who would pay higher fees. Therefore the FOE now has two membership categories, beneficial and non-beneficial.[18]

Charitable Giving[edit]

People helping people is a statement that guides the charitable actions of the Fraternal Order of Eagles and has led the Eagles to donate more than $100 million annually.[19] As part of the charitable philosophy, the Eagles give back 100 percent of the contributions received in the form of grants. All administrative costs are paid by the International Organization through membership dues.[20]

Programs for youth[edit]

In 1941 the FOE donated funds for the construction of a dormitory at Boys Town, Nebraska. Father Flanagan, the founder of Boys Town was member of the order. A few years later the Order sponsored the creation of Eagle Hall at the Range for Boys at Sentinel Butte, North Dakota. The High Girl Ranch, near Midland, Texas has also received a dormitory.[13]

Fraternal Order of Eagles Charity Foundation[edit]

The Charity Foundation was organized to combine the many health care related funds, children’s charity funds and general undesignated donations.

Circle of Life[edit]

The Circle of Life program was added in 2005 to answer the need of many members who fully believe in the Eagles, but may not have the opportunity to participate in the many activities held to raise funds for charity. Each member is eligible to be a Circle of Life patron by contributing a donation directly to the Charity Foundation. The member will then receive a sticker to attach to their dues receipt designating the member as a Circle of Life patron.

Max Baer Heart Fund[edit]

Max Baer was a former heavyweight boxing champion and an active member of the Fraternal Order of Eagles. When Baer died of a heart attack in 1959, the Eagles created a charity fund as a tribute to his memory and as a means of combating the disease that killed him.

The Max Baer Heart Fund’s primary purpose is to aid in heart research and education. Since the fund started in 1959, millions of dollars have been donated to universities, medical centers and hospitals across the United States and Canada for heart research and education.

Robert W. Hansen Diabetes Fund[edit]

The Robert W. Hansen Diabetes fund, named for the former two-time Grand Worthy President, was incorporated into the Max Baer Heart Fund in 1978 when research confirmed that diabetes is associated with heart problems. The goal of this fund is to find a cure for this disease.

Art Ehrmann Cancer Fund[edit]

Art Ehrmann served as the first director of the Eagle’s Cancer Fund, founded in November 1959, and as editor of Eagle Publications for 25 years. Art died of cancer and in his memory the Eagle’s Cancer Fund was renamed the Art Ehrmann Cancer Fund.

Since the fund began in 1959, $50 million has been granted to various institutions for research and related projects. In addition to research, early cancer detection and education are areas that the charitable Eagle dollars have a direct impact.

D.D. Dunlap Kidney Fund[edit]

The D.D. Dunlap Kidney Fund was established at the 1978 Fraternal Order of Eagles International Convention in Spokane, Washington. Its purpose is to raise funds for grants to universities, hospitals and other institutions involved in kidney research and related projects. All money raised goes directly for research.

Jimmy Durante Children’s Fund[edit]

The fund was named in honor of Jimmy Durante, an active life-member of the Fraternal Order of Eagles. Jimmy entertained without charge at fourteen consecutive Grand Aerie International Conventions and at many other Eagle gatherings until his death in 1980. Because of Jimmy’s gentle and kind manner, the children’s fund was named after him in 1966.

All money raised for the Jimmy Durante Children’s Fund or Child Abuse Prevention Fund is returned to that state or province in the form of grants to children-helping organizations of the state’s choosing.

Children’s AIDS Awareness and Medical Research[edit]

The Fraternal Order of Eagles is pursuing a mission to increase the amount of available information for at risk families and educate young people as to the dangers of the AIDSvirus. Donations are also set aside for medical research.

Lew Reed Spinal Cord Injury Fund[edit]

The Lew Reed Spinal Cord Injury Fund is dedicated to improving the quality of life for hundreds of thousands of Americans living with the results of spinal cord injury and disease (SCI/D) and their families.

This fund has partnered with the National Spinal Cord Injury Association to provide funds for research, and to develop and evaluate new ways of assisting middle-aged and older persons living with the long-term effects of SCI/D.

The Maynard “Blackie” Floyd Golden Eagle, Alzheimer and Parkinson Funds[edit]

In the early 1970s the Eagles took to heart the statistics of the fast-growing ranks of the elderly, thus the National Golden Eagle Fund was founded. Since that time, donations to the National Golden Eagle Fund have provided $1,000 grants to charitable organizations for community-oriented programs primarily serving the aged.

The Eagles’ history of raising funds for Alzheimer’s-related research and care began in 1985 when the Board of Grand Trustees approved the use of Golden Eagle funds to help find a cure for the disease. Committed to caring for our senior citizens, the organization recognized the need to support research for what was then, and still is, an ever-growing epidemic. Due to the increased demand from membership for grants supporting Alzheimer’s research over the years, a separate fund was created in the name of Maynard “Blackie” Floyd, a Past Grand Worthy President of the F.O.E., who served many years as an International Charity Director. Much like the Alzheimer’s Fund, involvement with Parkinson’s began through Golden Eagle and grew to become its own fund, dedicated to the research and prevention of Parkinson’s Disease. The two funds often work in tandem as members dedicate their fundraising efforts to the prevention of both diseases. During the 2011-2012 fraternal year, members of the F.O.E. contributed $248,552.98 to the Alzheimer’s & Parkinson’s Funds. Founded in 1898, The Fraternal Order of Eagles has a dedicated history of working hard to make our communities better, safer places for all. Our Charity Foundation funds research for diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, spinal cord injuries, cancer, and aid for neglected and abused children and the aged.

Golden Age Grants[edit]

Aeries and Auxiliaries can request Golden Age Grants for those organizations benefiting the community’s aged. By 2006, more than 2,097 grants have been made. (Does not include larger grants made at Grand Aerie International Conventions.) The National Golden Eagle Fund is approaching $4 million in donations received.

Disaster Relief Fund[edit]

The Disaster Relief Fund was developed to fund a first response program for national disaster situations in Canada and the United States. The Disaster Relief Fund was recognized at the November 2007 Board of Grand Trustees meeting as an official charity of the Fraternal Order of Eagles. This fund is the first in nearly 30 years to be recognized as a new F.O.E. public charity.

Memorial Foundation[edit]

The Memorial Foundation was founded in 1946, and regularly supports medical research projects.[21]

It also supports children of members who die while serving their country or at work. All Eagle members and their families are automatically protected by this member benefit.[citation needed] With the Memorial Foundation, children of deceased members who die while serving their country or at work are able to attend college or vocational school with grants up to $30,000. They can also receive medical assistance including payments to physicians, dentists, orthodontists, and hospitals. The cost of eyeglasses, prescriptions, as well as medical and dental devices is also included.[citation needed]

Conservation efforts[edit]

In the 1970s the FOE joined enviromentalists in efforts to save the bald eagle from extinction. They also lent their efforts to help the golden eagle as well.[21]

Eagle Village[edit]

In 1959 the FOE began construction on a retirement home for elderly members in Bradenton, Florida. Today this home is part of Eagle Village, where there are other facilities available to the elderly.[21]

Eagle Village, is open to any member who has at least 10 years of continuous membership in the Fraternal Order of Eagles, with priority given to applicants with the most years of service and those who have made outstanding contributions to their local organizations.[citation needed]

Eagle Village is a 26-acre (110,000 m2) complex, with 85 units and featuring a 3-acre (12,000 m2) lake, library, recreation center, exercise room, shuffleboard and pool.[citation needed]

Grand Worthy President and Grand Madam President Special Charities[edit]

Each year the elected Grand Worthy President and Grand Madam President each choose a special project to receive fundraised dollars. Members host fundraisers throughout the year and present checks to either the Grand Worthy or Grand Madam President for their charity.

Government Relations[edit]

Since the time of the New Deal the FOE has promoted social legislation, particularly old age and mothers pensions, Social Security and workmens compensation. By 1980 it was advocating for seniors to work after age 65 and to return the Social Security system back to its original purpose.[21]

Historical[edit]

Four Pens[edit]

Through the years, the Fraternal Order of Eagles has encouraged programs and legislation that benefit many Americans — especially the young and old. The “Four Pens” are the actual instruments three United States presidents and a governor used to sign the documents that made these programs a reality. Each of these pens, which are displayed at the F.O.E. International Headquarters in Grove City, Ohio, was presented to the F.O.E. by the legislator who signed the bill or measure.

Old Age Pensions “You Eagles have planted this seed… If the Eagles of the United States never do anything else, they have more than justified their existence in their advocacy of this great humanitarian movement.” – Gov. Joseph M. Dixon, Governor of Montana, signing into law America’s first old age pension law (1923).

Social Security “The pen I am presenting the Order is a symbol of my approval of the Fraternity’s vision and courage. May its possession inspire your members to dedicate their efforts and those of the Fraternity… To bring a greater degree of happiness to our people.” – President Franklin D. Roosevelt, on the occasion of the signing of the Social Security Act (1935).

Jobs After 40 “The Eagles started this whole idea. That is why I invited the Eagles to be at this private bill signing, and the reason I am presenting this pen to the Fraternal Order of Eagles.” – President Lyndon B. Johnson, signing the federal “Jobs After 40” bill, outlawing upper age limits in hiring.

Medicare “For your energetic and dedicated espousal of social justices, and for the generous support you have given to all measures designed to further economic opportunity and the compassionate treatment of the sick and disabled.” – President Lyndon B. Johnson, in a message to the Eagles on the signing of the Medicare amendment to the Social Security Act.

Mother’s Day[edit]

Frank E. Hering as team captain/coach ofNotre Damefootball in 1896

Frank E. Hering, a Past Grand Worthy President of the Fraternal Order of Eagles in South Bend, Indiana, campaigned for “a national day to honor our mothers,” nearly 35 years after social activist Ann Jarvis first proposed a similar U.S. holiday. The idea of advocating for Mother’s Day came to Hering when he was a faculty member at the University of Notre Dame. Walking into the classroom of a fellow instructor, Hering found his colleague distributing penny postcards to students. Each student addressed his or her card and scribbled a message on it. Hering was informed the students could write anything, as long as it was addressed to the students’ mothers.

Hering leveraged his connection with the Fraternal Organization of Eagles to organize its members in promoting the holiday, and in 1914, legislation in theU.S. Congress requested a presidential proclamation to designate the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day. This date was encouraged by Anna Marie Jarvis, daughter of Ann Jarvis who continued her mother’s work in crusading for a U.S. memorial day for mothers. President Woodrow Wilson signed the proclamation and May 10, 1914 became the first official Mother’s Day.[22]

In 1925, the “Society of War Mothers” invited Hering to participate in a special Mother’s Day ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery.[23] There, at the “Tomb of the Unknown Soldier,” before a large audience including many congressmen and senators, Hering was introduced as “the Father of Mother’s Day.” That was 11 years after President Woodrow Wilson by Proclamation officially made Mother’s Day the second Sunday in May.[24]

Today the Eagles’ work to acknowledge mothers on Mother’s Day is recognized by the Anna Jarvis Birthplace Museum – a museum honoring the daughter of Ann Jarvis. Grand Madam President Margaret Cox (2007–2008), was named “2008 Mother of the Year” by the Anna Jarvis Birthplace Museum in partnership with the International Mother’s Day Shrine in Grafton, WV. Cox was honored at the 100th anniversary of the holiday during the Mother’s Day Founder’s Festival, May 10 and 11, 2008.

Social Security[edit]

The following letter was written October 25, 1935 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to past Fraternal Order of Eagles Grand Worthy President John M. Morin.

“I am very glad to give you as the representative of the Fraternal Order of Eagles a pen with which I signed the Social Security Securities Act. The measure will directly benefit 30,000,000 of our citizens by its provisions, among which are those for unemployment insurance and for Old Age Pensions. Its broad purpose is to “give some measure of protection to the average citizen and to his family against the loss of a job and against poverty-ridden old age.”

I have long observed with satisfaction the sponsorship by the F.O.E. of social justice legislation both in the states and in the nation. The records for more than a quarter of a century bear witness to the campaigns of education conducted, the literature distributed, and the addresses delivered by your socially-minded Order. These efforts have borne, and are bearing gratifying results. Our countrymen owe the Eagles good will for their unselfish services.

The pen I am presenting to the Order is a symbol of my approval of the Fraternity’s vision and courage. May its possession inspire your 600,000 members to re-dedicate their own efforts and those of the Fraternity to the insuring of such economic and political conditions as will bring a greater degree of happiness to our people.”

Current Government Relations Initiatives and Statements of Principle[edit]

In 2008 the Fraternal Order of Eagles hired a lobbyist to begin assisting with government relations efforts in Washington D.C.

CARES Act [25]
Children’s Access to Reconstructive Evaluation and Surgeries (CARES) Act S. 1588 and H.R. 1655

“Children with birth Defects should not be denied life-altering surgery…”—Senator Mary Landrieu (D-LA), Sponsor of the CARES Act

“It is a tragedy that life insurance companies continue to deny treatment to over 50 percent of children who suffer from birth defects.”—Senator Norm Coleman (R-MN), Co-Sponsor of the CARES Act

Every year in the United States about 120,000 babies are born suffering from birth defects. About 40,000 children require reconstructive surgery for their conditions, including cleft palate, cleft lip, malformations of the ear, hand, or foot, or for more profound craniofacial deformities.

The American Medical Association asserts that “the treatment of a minor child’s congenital or developmental deformity . . . should be covered by all insurers” and that the treatment should seek to “return the patient to a more normal appearance.”

However, evidence suggests that insurance companies are increasingly denying access to reconstructive surgery to children with birth defects.

Legislation has been introduced in the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives that would require all group and individual health insurance coverage and all group health plans to provide coverage for surgery and other outpatient and inpatient medical treatments related to a minor child’s congenital or developmental deformity.

In the Senate, this legislation, the Children’s Access to Reconstructive Evaluation and Surgeries (CARES) Act (S. 1588), was introduced by Senator Mary Landrieu (D-LA) and Senator Norm Coleman (R-MN) and currently has 11 cosponsors. In the House, similar legislation, H.R. 1655, was introduced by Representative Carolyn McCarthy (D-NY) and Rep. Patrick Tiberi (R-OH) and has 55 cosponsors.

Social Security Statement of Principle
Ensuring the long-term stability of the Social Security system while protecting the fundamental principles on which it was founded

Whereas, the Fraternal Order of Eagles is a non-profit, non-partisan membership organization with nearly one million individual members in more than 1,500 local Aeries across the United States; Whereas, The Fraternal Order of Eagles served as a driving force in establishing the Social Security system in the 1930s; Whereas, President Franklin Roosevelt wrote a letter to the Eagles dated October 25, 1935 in which he said:

President Roosevelt signs Social Security Act, at approximately 3:30 pm EST on 14 August 1935.[26] Standing with Roosevelt areRep. Robert Doughton (DNC); unknown person in shadow; Sen. Robert Wagner (D-NY); Rep. John Dingell (D-MI); unknown man in bowtie; the Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins; Sen. Pat Harrison (D-MS); and Rep.David Lewis (D-MD).

“I am very glad to give you as the representative of the Fraternal Order of Eagles a pen with which I signed the Social Security Securities Act. . . . I have long observed with satisfaction the sponsorship by the F.O.E. [Fraternal Order of Eagles] of social justice legislation both in the states and in the nation. The records for more than a quarter of a century bear witness to the campaigns of education conducted, the literature distributed, and the addresses delivered by your socially-minded Order. These efforts have borne, and are bearing gratifying results. Our countrymen owe the Eagles good will for their unselfish services.

Whereas, the Eagles motto is “People Helping People,” and many of the Eagles’ charitable activities at the local and national level involve providing financial assistance to the elderly, disabled, and children; Whereas, Social Security lifts about 13 million elderly beneficiaries out of poverty—about one-third of America’s elderly rely on Social Security for ninety percent of more of their income and two-thirds of elderly Americans rely on Social Security for more than half of their income;[27] Whereas, without Social Security, 55 percent of all disabled Americans and an additional one-million children would live in poverty;[27]Whereas, Social Security was founded on a set of core principles that have resulted in its long-term stability and success that include:[28]

  • Near universal participation
  • Benefits are an earned right
  • Benefits are related to earnings
  • The system is contributory and self-financed
  • The system is redistributive
  • The system is not means tested
  • The system is wage indexed
  • The system is inflation protected, and
  • The system is compulsory;

Whereas, Social Security has successfully reduced poverty among the elderly, children, and the disabled and has provided hundreds of millions of Americans a solid base on which to build a financially stable retirement.”

Therefore, it is resolved that the Fraternal Order of Eagles: Believe that the Social Security system is essential to the happiness, health, and financial independence of millions of families and individuals across the United States and must be preserved consistent with the fundamental principles under which it was established; Encourage the President, leaders in the United States Congress, and others to take action to ensure the long-term financial stability of the Social Security system consistent with the fundamental principles under which it was established; Support enactment of laws and policies that will ensure the long-term financial stability of the Social Security system while preserving the fundamental principles on which the Social Security system was established and has flourished; and Will actively advocate for laws and policies that ensure the long-term stability of the Social Security system while protecting the fundamental principles on which it is founded.

Health Insurance for Children Statement of Principle
Ensure that every American child has access to quality health insurance coverage

Whereas, the Fraternal Order of Eagles is a non-profit, non-partisan membership organization with nearly one-million individual members in more than 1,500 local Aeries across the United States; Whereas, the Eagles motto is “People Helping People,” and many of the Eagles’ charitable activities at the local and national level involve both assistance to children and health-related activities; Whereas, since 1944 the Eagles have operated the Eagles Memorial Foundation which provides health benefits to children of Eagle members who die while serving their country or at work, including payments to physicians, dentists, orthodontists, and hospitals and the cost of eyeglasses, prescriptions, and medical and dental devices; Whereas, in 2005, 8.3 million American children under the age of 18 – about 11.3% of all American children – lacked health insurance coverage;[29]Whereas, children without health insurance are less likely to be up to date on immunizations, to receive treatment for sore throat, ear ache, and other common childhood illnesses, or to have a regular doctor;[30] Whereas, children with health coverage tend to have fewer school absences;[30] Whereas, universal access to health insurance coverage is fundamental to ensuring that all children receive basic health services and lead full and healthy lives.

Therefore, it is resolved that the Fraternal Order of Eagles: Believe that every American child should have access to quality health insurance coverage; Encourage the President, leaders in the United States Congress, and others to take action to ensure that all American children have access to quality health insurance coverage; Support enactment of laws and policies that will expand access to health insurance for American children with an emphasis on initiatives that would make quality health insurance coverage accessible to all American children; and Will actively advocate for laws and policies that make available quality health insurance coverage to all American children.

Controversy[edit]

In the 1940s, E.J. Ruegemer, a Minnesota juvenile court judge and member of the Fraternal Order of Eagles, launched a nationwide campaign to post copies of the Ten Commandments in juvenile courts across the country. His goal – to provide a moral foundation for troubled youth.

In 1956, director Cecil B. DeMille’s epic film “The Ten Commandments” opens across the country. DeMille and Ruegemer drum up publicity for the film by working together to erect granite monuments of the Ten Commandments across the nation.

Although there is no official record of how many monuments were erected, numbers range from less than 100 to more than 2,000. The Fraternal Order of Eagles kept the project going long after the film opened, and some monuments didn’t get erected until up to 10 years later. Many monuments went up in public places like parks, city halls, and courthouses. [31] On August 30, 1961, the Fraternal Order of Eagles of Texas presented the State of Texas with a 6-foot-high monolith inscribed with the Ten Commandments, which in 2006 became the subject of a divisive and controversial legal issue (Van Orden v. Perry) that reached the U.S. Supreme Court .[32] The case was ruled 5-4 in favor of the defendant, the State of Texas, and the monument was allowed to remain on the grounds of the State Capitol.

Community Involvement[edit]

With a motto of “people helping people,” Eagle members are actively involved in their local communities. Many activities focus on children and improving their quality of life. Eagles Aeries and Auxiliaries conduct toy drives, send young victims of domestic violence to camp, hold baby showers for needy families, provide Christmas and Thanksgivingbaskets, provide backpacks and school supplies, make quilts for nursing homes, and more.

Social Groups[edit]

Eagle social activities are almost endless and range from bowling, golfing and playing horseshoes to holding cookouts, riding in parades and attending NASCAR races. Many social opportunities are also offered at regional and national conventions.

Eagle Riders[edit]

Official Eagle Riders Logo

Eagle Riders is a group of Fraternal Order of Eagles member motorcyclists who promote the Eagles and its causes, while doing something that they love – riding motorcycles. The mission of the Eagle Riders is to have fun in a family oriented organization dedicated to the enjoyment of motorcycles, safe riding, while promoting the Fraternal Order of Eagles.

REAC – Retired Eagle Activities Club[edit]

R.E.A.C. clubs are developed to provide an opportunity for retired members aged 55 and over, to cultivate friendships, enjoy leisure time, social and cultural activities. This internal unit is the backbone of many Eagle Aeries; holding fundraisers, and providing a much needed social setting for seniors.

Under 35 Club[edit]

The Under 35 Club was developed to support the interests of younger people and aid in their joining the Eagles. Members of the Under 35 Club range in ages from 21 to 35 and are members in good standing in their local Aerie and/or Auxiliary. Club members determine the activities which interest them; such as camping, cookouts, sports, etc. while promoting the ideals of the Fraternal Order of Eagles.

JOE – Junior Order of Eagles[edit]

Junior Order of Eagles (J.O.E.) clubs represent the future of the Fraternal Order of Eagles. J.O.E. clubs are often self-supporting and guided by advisors from the local Aerie and Auxiliary. J.O.E. clubs are open to young people between the ages of 11 and 18 and any young person can join. Members do not have to be the son or daughter of an Aerie or Auxiliary member. Every J.O.E. club has its own officers and follows a ritual during each meeting. J.O.E. clubs plan their own activities, which range from dances and bowling to skating parties, hay rides, stunt nights, sports competitions, campfires and campouts. J.O.E. Clubs conduct their own fundraisers and perform many types of community service, including beautification projects, providing assistance to the elderly, spending time with disabled children and aiding the needy.

Notable Eagles buildings[edit]

Notable Eagles[edit]

United States Presidents Seven United States Presidents held membership in the Fraternal Order of Eagles.

Notable Aerie Members

Politicians[edit]

Religion[edit]

Entertainers[edit]

Athletes[edit]

Notable Auxiliary Members

See also

Fraternal / sorority Orders around the world

Social or general fraternities and sororities, in the North American fraternity system, are those that do not promote a particular profession (as professional fraternities are) or discipline (such as service fraternities and sororities). Instead, their primary purposes are often stated as the development of character, literary or leadership ability, or a more simple social purpose. Some organizations in this list have a specific major listed as a traditional emphasis. These organizations are social organizations which cater to students in those majors. Other organizations listed have a traditional emphasis in a specific religion or ethnic background. Despite this emphasis, most organizations have non-discrimination membership policies.

Fraternity is usually understood to mean a social organization composed only of men, and sorority one of women, although many women’s organizations also refer to themselves as fraternities. For the purposes of this article, national also includes international organizations, and local refers to organizations that are composed of only one chapter. This list is not exhaustive and does not include local organizations that do not have Wikipedia articles.

International

Australia

Fraternities or lodges were an important part of Australian society in the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. They were gradually replaced by “service clubs“, such asLions, Apex, Rotary, etc. By the end of the 20th century, all the fraternities had been wound up[clarification needed] except for the Freemasons and a few lodges of the Buffaloes. The reasons for their decline probably have something to do with generational change and bemusement at the secretive rites that all fraternities had, as the service clubs that succeeded them did fairly similar charitable work.

No general history has been written, but some of the many lodges that operated in the state of Victoria were:

  • Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes,
  • Druids,
  • Foresters,
  • Freemasons,
  • Odd Fellows ,

Of course in those sectarian times there had to be two different lodges for those of Irish descent:

Canada

Europe

South Africa

United States

Organization Symbol Founded Affiliation Traditional Emphasis
Acacia (Chapters) AKAKIA 1904 NIC Masonic (Masonic membership no longer required)[1]
Adelphikos Αδελφικοσ 1913 Local, Grove City College Christian
Alpha Beta Chi ΑΒΧ 1941 CIPFI Puerto Rican
Alpha Chi Alpha ΑΧΑ 1919 Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Alpha Chi Rho (Chapters) ΑΧΡ 1895 NIC Traditional
Alpha Delta ΑΔ 1847 Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Alpha Delta Gamma (Chapters) ΑΔΓ 1924 NIC Jesuit
Alpha Delta Phi (Chapters) ΑΔΦ 1832 NIC Originally a secret literary society, now traditional
Alpha Epsilon Pi (Chapters) ΑΕΠ 1913 NIC Jewish
Alpha Gamma Omega ΑΓΩ 1927 Unaffiliated Christian
Alpha Gamma Rho (Chapters) ΑΓΡ 1904 NIC Agricultural
Alpha Iota Omicron ΑΙΟ 1998 Unaffiliated South Asian[2]
Alpha Kappa Lambda (Chapters) ΑΚΛ 1914 NIC Traditional
Alpha Phi Alpha ΑΦΑ 1906 NIC, NPHC African-American
Alpha Phi Delta ΑΦΔ 1914 NIC Italian-American
Alpha Sigma Phi (Chapters) ΑΣΦ 1845 NIC Originally secret sophomore society, now traditional
Alpha Tau Omega (Chapters) ΑΤΩ 1865 NIC Founded on Christian principles, now traditional
Beta Chi Theta (Chapters) ΒΧΘ 1999 NIC, NAPA South Asian
Beta Epsilon Gamma Gamma Alpha Rho Sigma ΒΕΓΓΑΡΣ 1923 Local, Loyola University New Orleans Jesuit
Beta Kappa Gamma ΒΚΓ 1999 Unaffiliated Asian[3]
Beta Sigma Psi (Chapters) ΒΣΨ 1925 NIC Lutheran[4]
Beta Theta Pi (Chapters) ΒΘΠ 1839 NIC Traditional[5]
Beta Upsilon Chi ΒΥΧ 1985 Unaffiliated Christian
Bones Gate BG 1901 Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Chi Gamma Epsilon ΧΓΕ 1905 (1987) Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Chi Heorot ΧH 1897 Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Chi Phi (Chapters) ΧΦ 1824 NIC Traditional
Chi Psi (Chapters) ΧΨ 1841 NIC Traditional
Delphic of Gamma Sigma Tau ΓΣΤ 1871 NMGC Multicultural
Delta Chi (Chapters) ΔΧ 1890 NIC Originally a law fraternity, now traditional
Delta Epsilon Psi ΔΕΨ 1998 NIC South Asian
Delta Gamma Iota ΔΓΙ 1965 Unaffiliated national Traditional[6]
Delta Kappa Epsilon (Chapters) ΔΚΕ 1844 NIC Originally secret society, traditional
Delta Lambda Phi ΔΛΦ 1986 NIC Gay, bisexual, progressive
Delta Rho Upsilon ΔΡΥ 1929 Local/Traditional
Delta Omega Epsilon ΔΩΕ 1985 Unaffiliated national Traditional[7]
Delta Phi (Chapters) ΔΦ 1827 NIC Originally secret society, traditional
Delta Sigma Phi (Chapters) ΔΣΦ 1899 NIC Traditional/Social
Delta Tau Delta (Chapters) ΔΤΔ 1858 NIC Originally literary society, traditional
Delta Theta Sigma ΔΘΣ 1906 Unaffiliated National Agricultural[8]
Delta Upsilon (Chapters) ΔΥ 1834 NIC Traditional
Epsilon Sigma Rho ΕΣΡ 1986 Unaffiliated national Multicultural[9]
FarmHouse (Chapters) FH 1905 NIC Agricultural
Gamma Omega Delta ΓΩΔ 1989 Unaffiliated national Multicultural[10]
Gamma Zeta Alpha (Chapters) ΓΖΑ 1987 NALFO Latino[11]
Iota Nu Delta ΙΝΔ 1994 NIC South Asian
Iota Phi Theta ΙΦΘ 1963 NIC, NPHC African-American
Kappa Alpha Order (Chapters) ΚΑ 1865 NIC Traditional/Social
Kappa Alpha Society (Chapters) ΚΑ 1825 NIC Originally literary society, traditional/social
Kappa Alpha Psi (Chapters) ΚΑΨ 1911 NIC, NPHC African-American
Kappa Delta Phi (Chapters) ΚΔΦ 1900 NIC Traditional
Kappa Delta Rho (Chapters) ΚΔΡ 1905 NIC Traditional
Kappa Kappa Kappa ΚΚΚ 1842 Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Kappa Sigma (Chapters) ΚΣ 1869 Unaffiliated national Traditional[12]
Kappa Upsilon Chi ΚΥΧ 1993 Unaffiliated Christian[13]
Lambda Alpha Upsilon (Chapters) ΛΑΥ 1985 NALFO Latino
Lambda Chi Alpha (Chapters) ΛΧΑ 1909 NIC Traditional
Lambda Iota Society ΛΙ 1836 Local, University of Vermont Originally secret literary society, Traditional
Lambda Phi Epsilon (Chapters) ΛΦΕ 1981 NIC, NAPA Asian
Lambda Sigma Upsilon (Chapters) ΛΣΥ 1979 NALFO, NIC Latino
Lambda Theta Phi (Chapters) ΛΘΦ 1975 NALFO, NIC Latino
Lambda Upsilon Lambda (Chapters) ΛΥΛ 1982 NALFO Latino
Men of God 1999 UCCFS Christian[14]
Nu Alpha Kappa (Chapters) ΝΑΚ 1988 NIC Latino
Nu Sigma Beta ΝΣΒ 1937 CIPFI Puerto Rican
Omega Delta Phi (Chapters) ΩΔΦ 1987 NIC Latino
Omega Psi Phi (Chapters) ΩΨΦ 1911 NPHC African-American
Phi Beta Sigma (Chapters) ΦΒΣ 1914 NIC, NPHC African-American
Phi Delta Alpha ΦΔΑ 1884 Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Phi Delta Gamma ΦΔΓ 1942 CIPFI Puerto Rican
Phi Delta Psi ΦΔΨ 1977 Unaffiliated national African-American[15]
Phi Delta Theta (Chapters) ΦΔΘ 1848 NIC Originally nonsectarian, Traditional
Phi Epsilon Chi ΦEX 1943 CIPFI Puerto Rican
Phi Eta Kappa ΦΗΚ 1906 Local, University of Maine Traditional
Phi Eta Mu ΦΗΜ 1923 CIPFI Puerto Rican
Phi Gamma Delta (Chapters) FIJI 1848 NIC Traditional
Phi Iota Alpha (Chapters) ΦΙΑ 1931 NIC Latino
Phi Kappa Pi ΦΚΠ 1913 Unaffiliated, Canadian national Traditional[16]
Phi Kappa Psi (Chapters) ΦΚΨ 1852 NIC Originally service, traditional
Phi Kappa Sigma (Chapters) ΦΚΣ 1850 NIC Originally secret order, traditional
Phi Kappa Tau (Chapters) ΦΚΤ 1906 NIC Traditional
Phi Kappa Theta (Chapters) ΦΚΘ 1889 NIC Catholic
Phi Lambda Chi (Chapters) ΦΛΧ 1925 NIC Traditional
Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia ΦΜΑ 1898 NIMC Music
Phi Mu Delta (Chapters) ΦΜΔ 1918 NIC Originally Commons Club, traditional
Phi Rho Eta ΦΡΗ 1994 Unaffiliated national African-American[17]
Phi Sigma Alpha (Chapters) ΦΣΑ 1928 CIPFI Puerto Rican/Hispanic
Phi Sigma Chi ΦΣΧ 1996 NMGC Multicultural[18]
Phi Sigma Gamma ΦΣΓ 1915-1916 Unaffiliated national Osteopathic Medicine
Phi Sigma Kappa (Chapters) ΦΣΚ 1873 NIC Traditional
Phi Sigma Nu ΦΣΝ 1996 Unaffiliated national Native American
Phi Sigma Phi ΦΣΦ 1988 NIC Traditional[19]
Pi Alpha Phi (Chapters) ΠΑΦ 1929 NAPA Asian
Pi Delta Psi (Chapters) ΠΔΨ 1994 NAPA Asian
Pi Kappa Alpha ΠΚΑ 1868 NIC Traditional
Pi Kappa Phi (Chapters) ΠΚΦ 1904 NIC Traditional
Pi Lambda Phi (Chapters) ΠΛΦ 1895 NIC Traditional
Psi Sigma Phi (Chapters) ΨΣΦ 1990 NMGC Multicultural
Psi Upsilon (Chapters) ΨΥ 1833 NIC Traditional
Seal and Serpent 1905 Local, Cornell University Traditional
Sigma Alpha Epsilon (Chapters) ΣΑΕ 1856 NIC Traditional
Sigma Alpha Mu (Chapters) ΣΑΜ 1909 NIC Jewish
Sigma Beta Rho ΣΒΡ 1996 NIC, NAPA South Asian/Multicultural
Sigma Chi (Chapters) ΣΧ 1855 NIC Originally literary society, traditional
Sigma Delta Alpha ΣΔΑ 1992 Unaffiliated National Latino
Sigma Lambda Beta (Chapters) ΣΛΒ 1986 NIC Latino
Sigma Nu (Chapters) ΣΝ 1869 NIC Originally anti-hazing, traditional
Sigma Phi Delta (Chapters) ΣΦΔ 1924 NIC Engineering
Sigma Phi Epsilon (Chapters) ΣΦΕ 1901 NIC Traditional
Sigma Phi Society ΣΦ 1827 NIC Originally secret society, traditional
Sigma Pi (Chapters) ΣΠ 1897 NIC Originally literary society, traditional
Sigma Tau Gamma (Chapters) ΣΤΓ 1920 NIC Originally literary society, traditional
Sigma Thêta Pi ΣΘΠ 2003 Unaffiliated national Francophone Greek
Tau Delta Phi ΤΔΦ 1910 NIC Jewish Social
Tau Epsilon Phi (Chapters) ΤΕΦ 1910 NIC Jewish Social
Tau Kappa Epsilon (Chapters) ΤΚΕ 1899 NIC Traditional
Theta Chi (Chapters) ΘΧ 1856 NIC Traditional/Social
Theta Delta Chi (Chapters) ΘΔΧ 1847 NIC Originally secret society, traditional/Social
Theta Gamma ΘΓ 1912 Unaffiliated national Traditional
Theta Xi (Chapters) ΘΞ 1864 NIC Engineering, social
Triangle Fraternity (Chapters) TriangleDeltaT.png 1907 NIC Engineering, architecture, and Science
Trojan Knights 1921 Local, University of Southern California Traditional
Zeta Beta Tau (Chapters) ΖΒΤ 1898 NIC Originally Jewish, traditional (no religious affiliation)
Zeta Phi Rho ΖΦΡ 1995 Unaffiliated national Multicultural
Zeta Psi (Chapters) ΖΨ 1847 NIC Traditional/social

Sororities and women’s fraternities[edit]

Organization Symbol Founded Affiliation Traditional emphasis
Alpha Chi Omega ΑΧΩ 1885 NPC Originally music, now Traditional
Alpha Delta Chi ΑΔΧ 1925 Unaffiliated Christian
Alpha Delta Pi ΑΔΠ 1851 NPC Originally secret society, traditional
Alpha Epsilon Phi ΑΕΦ 1909 NPC Originally Jewish, traditional
Alpha Gamma Delta (Chapters) ΑΓΔ 1904 NPC Traditional
Alpha Kappa Alpha ΑΚΑ 1908 NPHC African-American
alpha Kappa Delta Phi aΚΔΦ 1990 NAPA Asian
Alpha Nu Omega ΑΝΩ 1988 UCCFS Christian
Alpha Omicron Pi ΑΟΠ 1897 NPC Traditional
Alpha Phi ΑΦ 1872 NPC Traditional
Alpha Phi Gamma ΑΦΓ 1994 NAPA Asian
Alpha Pi Omega ΑΠΩ 1994 Unaffiliated Native American
Alpha Pi Sigma ΑΠΣ 1990 NALFO Latina[20]
Alpha Sigma Alpha (Chapters) ΑΣΑ 1901 NPC Traditional
Alpha Sigma Kappa ΑΣΚ 1989 Unaffiliated Math, architecture, engineering, and science
Alpha Sigma Omega ΑΣΩ 1997 Unaffiliated Latina and Caribbean[21]
Alpha Sigma Rho ΑΣΡ 1998 NAPA Asian[22]
Alpha Sigma Tau ΑΣΤ 1899 NPC Traditional
Alpha Xi Delta ΑΞΔ 1893 NPC Traditional
Ceres 1984 Unaffiliated Agricultural[23]
Chi Omega (Chapters) ΧΩ 1895 NPC Traditional
Chi Upsilon Sigma ΧΥΣ 1980 NALFO Latina
Delta Chi Lambda ΔΧΛ 2000 Unaffiliated National Asian[24]
Delta Delta Delta ΔΔΔ 1888 NPC Traditional
Delta Gamma ΔΓ 1873 NPC Traditional
Delta Gamma Pi ΔΓΠ 1998 Unaffiliated Multicultural[citation needed]
Delta Kappa Delta ΔΚΔ 1999 NAPA South Asian
Delta Lambda Chi ΔΛΧ 2002 Unaffiliated Asian
Delta Phi Epsilon ΔΦΕ 1917 NPC Non-sectarian
Delta Phi Lambda ΔΦΛ 1998 NAPA Asian
Delta Phi Mu ΔΦΜ 1991 Unaffiliated national Multicultural
Delta Phi Omega ΔΦΩ 1998 Unaffiliated national South Asian
Delta Psi Epsilon ΔΨΕ 1999 UCCFS Christian
Delta Sigma Chi ΔΣΧ 1996 Unaffiliated national Multicultural[25]
Delta Sigma Theta ΔΣΘ 1913 NPHC African-American
Delta Tau Lambda ΔΤΛ 1994 Unaffiliated national Latina
Delta Xi Nu ΔΞΝ 1997 Unaffiliated national Multicultural
Delta Xi Phi ΔΞΦ 1994 NMGC Multicultural
Delta Zeta ΔΖ 1902 NPC Traditional
Eta Gamma Delta ΗΓΔ 1928 CIPFI Puerto Rican
Gamma Alpha Omega ΓΑΩ 1993 NALFO Latina
Gamma Eta ΓΗ 1995 NMGC Multicultural
Gamma Phi Beta ΓΦΒ 1874 NPC Traditional
Gamma Phi Omega ΓΦΩ 1991 Unaffiliated national Latina[26]
Gamma Rho Lambda ΓΡΛ 2003 Unaffiliated national LGBTQ[27]
Kappa Alpha Theta ΚΑΘ 1870 NPC Traditional
Kappa Beta Gamma ΚΒΓ 1917 Unaffiliated national Traditional
Kappa Delta ΚΔ 1897 NPC Traditional
Kappa Delta Chi ΚΔΧ 1987 NALFO Latina
Kappa Delta Phi National Affiliated Sorority ΚΔΦ 1977 Unaffiliated Traditional
Kappa Kappa Gamma ΚΚΓ 1870 NPC Traditional
Kappa Phi Gamma ΚΦΓ 1998 Unaffiliated national South Asian
Kappa Phi Lambda ΚΦΛ 1995 NAPA Asian
Kappa Phi Chi KΦX 1991 Local, Brooklyn College Traditional
Lambda Pi Chi ΛΠΧ 1988 NALFO Latina
Lambda Pi Upsilon ΛΠΥ 1992 NALFO Latina
Lambda Psi Delta ΛΨΔ 1997 NMGC Multicultural
Lambda Sigma Gamma ΛΣΓ 1986 NMGC Multicultural
Lambda Tau Omega ΛΤΩ 1988 NMGC Multicultural
Lambda Theta Alpha ΛΘΑ 1975 NALFO Latina
Lambda Theta Nu ΛΘΝ 1986 NALFO Latina
Mu Alpha Phi ΜΑΦ 1927 CIPFI Puerto Rican
Mu Epsilon Theta ΜΕΘ 1987 Unaffiliated, national Catholic[28]
Mu Sigma Upsilon ΜΣΥ 1981 NMGC Multicultural
National Society of Pershing Angels 1962 Unaffiliated Military drill[29]
Omega Phi Beta ΏΦΒ 1989 NALFO Latina
Omega Phi Chi ΏΦΧ 1988 NMGC Multicultural
Phi Beta Chi ΦΒΧ 1978 Unaffiliated national Lutheran
Phi Mu (Chapters) ΦΜ 1852 NPC Traditional
Phi Sigma Rho ΦΣΡ 1984 Unaffiliated national Engineering
Phi Sigma Sigma (Chapters) ΦΣΣ 1913 NPC Non-sectarian
Pi Beta Phi (Chapters) ΠΒΦ 1867 NPC Originally secret, Traditional
Pi Lambda Chi ΠΛΧ 1994 Unaffiliated national Latina[30]
Sigma Alpha Epsilon Pi ΣΑΕΠ 1998 Unaffiliated national Jewish
Sigma Delta Tau ΣΔΤ 1917 NPC Non-sectarian
Sigma Gamma Rho ΣΓΡ 1922 NPHC African-American
Sigma Iota Alpha ΣΙΑ 1990 NALFO Latina
Sigma Kappa ΣΚ 1874 NPC Traditional
Sigma Lambda Alpha ΣΛΑ 1990 NALFO Latina
Sigma Lambda Gamma (Chapters) ΣΛΓ 1990 Unaffiliated national Latina
Sigma Lambda Upsilon ΣΛΥ 1987 NALFO Latina
Sigma Omega Nu ΣΩΝ 1996 Unaffiliated national Latina[31]
Sigma Omega Phi ΣΩΦ 2008 Unaffiliated national “Aggressive” lesbian[32]
Sigma Omicron Pi ΣΟΠ 1930 NAPA Asian
Sigma Phi Omega ΣΦΩ 1949 Unaffiliated national Asian
Sigma Pi Alpha ΣΠΑ 2004 Unaffiliated Chicana/Latina[33]
Sigma Psi Zeta ΣΨΖ 1994 NAPA Asian
Sigma Sigma Rho ΣΣΡ 1998 NAPA South Asian
Sigma Sigma Sigma ΣΣΣ 1898 NPC Traditional
Theta Nu Xi ΘΝΞ 1997 NMGC Multicultural
Theta Phi Alpha ΘΦΑ 1912 NPC Originally catholic, traditional
Zeta Chi Phi ΖΧΦ 2003 Unaffiliated national Multicultural
Zeta Phi Beta ΖΦΒ 1920 NPHC African-American
Zeta Sigma Chi ΖΣΧ 1991 Unofficial national Multicultural
Zeta Tau Alpha ΖΤΑ 1898 NPC Traditional

Coeducational fraternities[edit]

Coeducational fraternities permit both male and female members. Occasionally coed groups use the term frarority.

Organization Symbol Founded Affiliation Traditional emphasis
Alpha Nu Omega (Chapters) ΑΝΩ 1988 UCCFS Christian coed fraternity
Zeta Phi Zeta ΖΦΖ 2001 UCCFS Christian[34]
Alpha Delta Phi Society ΑΔΦ 1832 Unaffiliated, national Literary and traditional
Alpha Psi Lambda ΑΨΛ 1985 NALFO Latino
St. Anthony Hall (Delta Psi) ΔΨ 1847 Unaffiliated, national Literary and social
Delta Psi Alpha ΔΨΑ 1998 Unaffiliated, national Multicultural
Lambda Lambda Lambda ΛΛΛ 2006 Unaffiliated, national Traditional
Theta Delta Sigma ΘΔΣ 2001 Unaffiliated, national Multicultural
Alpha Theta ΑΘ 1920 Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Delta Lambda Psi ΔΛΨ 2005 Local, University of California at Santa Cruz LBGTQ
Zeta Delta Xi ΖΔΞ 1852 Local, Brown University Traditional
Kappa Gamma Psi ΚΓΨ 1913 Local, Ithaca College Performing arts
Nu Alpha Phi ΝΑΦ 1994 Local, SUNY Albany Asian
Phi Tau ΦΤ 1905 Local, Dartmouth College Traditional
Psi Upsilon ΨΥ 1833 Local, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Traditional

Defunct national organizations[edit]

Organization Symbol Operated/Merged
Alpha Delta Theta ΑΔΘ 1919 – 1939, Phi Mu
Beta Phi Alpha ΒΦΑ 1919 – 1941, Delta Zeta
Delta Sigma Epsilon ΔΣΕ 1914 – 1956, Delta Zeta
Iota Alpha Pi ΙΑΠ 1903 – 1971
Kappa Phi Lambda ΚΦΛ 1862 – 1874
Lambda Omega ΛΩ 1915 – 1933, Delta Zeta
Pi Delta Kappa ΠΔΚ 1907 – 1913, Chi Omega
Pi Kappa Sigma ΠΚΣ 1894 – 1959 Sigma Kappa
Pi Lambda Sigma ΠΛΣ 1903 – 1959 Beta Phi Mu
Sigma Iota ΣΙ 1904 – 1931 Phi Iota Alpha
Phi Omega Pi ΦΩΠ 1922 – 1946 Delta Zeta
Phi Lambda Alpha ΦΛΑ 1919 – 1931 Phi Iota Alpha
Theta Kappa Nu ΘKN 1924 – 1939 Lambda Chi Alpha
Theta Upsilon ΘΥ 1921 – 1962 Delta Zeta

See also