United Nations General Assembly resolution ES-10/L.22

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UN General Assembly
Resolution ES‑10/L.22
United Nations General Assembly resolution A ES 10 L 22 vote.png

  Voted in favor
  Voted against
  Abstained
  Not present
Date 21 December 2017
Meeting no. 10th Emergency Special Session (continuation)
Code A/RES/ES‑10/L.22 (Document)
Subject Status of Jerusalem
Voting summary
128 voted for
9 voted against
35 abstained
21 absent
Result Recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital as “null and void”

United Nations General Assembly resolution ES‑10/L.22 is a emergency session resolution declaring the status of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital as “null and void.”.[1] It was adopted by the 37th Plenary meeting of the tenth emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly[2] during the tenure of the seventy-second session of the United Nations General Assembly on 21 December 2017. The draft resolution was drafted by Yemen and Turkey.[3]Though strongly contested by the United States, it passed by 128 votes to nine against with 21 absentees and 35 abstentions.

Background[edit]

On 6 December 2017, US President Donald Trump said that he would recognise the status of Jerusalem as being Israel’s sovereign capital[4] in a departure from previous UNGA resolutions as well prevailing international norms where no state either recognises Jerusalem as a national capital nor has an embassy there. The move prompted protests from states and communities in many parts of the world.[5]

Following the failure of an United Nations Security Council resolution three days earlier, after an U.S. veto, to rescind the recognition by any states of Jerusalem as a national capital, Palestinian UN Ambassador Riyad Mansour said that the General Assembly would vote on a draft resolution calling for Trump’s declaration to be withdrawn. He sought to invoke Resolution 377, known as the “Uniting for Peace” resolution, to circumvent a veto. The resolution states that the General Assembly can call an Emergency Special Session to consider a matter “with a view to making appropriate recommendations to members for collective measures” if the Security Council fails to act.[6]

Campaign[edit]

On 20 December, US President Donald Trump threatened to cut US aid to countries voting against the US’ side.[7] The day before the vote, he said: “Let them vote against us…We don’t care…this isn’t like it used to be where they could vote against you and then you pay them hundreds of millions of dollars. We’re not going to be taken advantage of any longer.”[8]Ambassador Nikki Haley warned her country would remember and “take names” of every country that voted in favour of the resolution.[9][10][11][12] The governments of Turkey and Iran denounced USA’s threats as “anti-democratic” and “blackmail“.[13][14] She had sent to a letter to dozens of member states that warned Trump had asked her to “report back on those countries who voted against us.”[15] Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan warned Trump that “he cannot buy Turkey’s democratic will with petty dollars” and “that opposition of other countries will teach the United States a good lesson”.[16][17]

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that Israel rejects this vote before it passes and called the UN “house of lies”.[18]

Canada’s, which was seeking re-negotiations of the NAFTA, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland‘s spokesman confirmed its intention to abstain from the vote and that the resolution should not have come to the General Assembly.[19]

Content[edit]

The text of the resolution includes the following key statements:[20]

The General Assembly,

  • Bearing in mind the specific status of the Holy City of Jerusalem and, in particular, the need for the protection and preservation of the unique spiritual, religious and cultural dimensions of the City, as foreseen in the relevant United Nations resolutions,
  • Stressing that Jerusalem is a final status issue to be resolved through negotiations in line with relevant United Nations resolutions,
  • Expressing in this regard its deep regret at recent decisions concerning the status of Jerusalem,
  • Affirms that any decisions and actions which purport to have altered, the character, status or demographic composition of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal effect, are null and void and must be rescinded in compliance with relevant resolutions of the Security Council, and in this regard, calls upon all States to refrain from the establishment of diplomatic missions in the Holy City of Jerusalem, pursuant to resolution 478 (1980) of the Security Council;
  • Demands that all States comply with Security Council resolutions regarding the Holy City of Jerusalem, and not to recognize any actions or measures contrary to those resolutions;
  • Reiterates its call for the reversal of the negative trends on the ground that are imperiling the two-State solution and for the intensification and acceleration of international and regional efforts and support aimed at achieving, without delay, a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East on the basis of the relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid terms of reference, including the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative and the Quartet Roadmap and an end to the Israeli occupation that began in 1967.

It concluded in reading that “any decisions and actions, which purport to have altered the character, status or demographic composition of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal effect, are null and void and must be rescinded in compliance with relevant resolutions of the Security Council.”[21]

Motion[edit]

The motion was proposed by Yemen and Turkey.[22]

Debate[edit]

In introducing the resolution as Chair of the Arab Group, Yemen’s Amabassador said the US decision was a “blatant violation of the rights of the Palestinian people, as well as those of all Christians and Muslims.” He emphasized that it constituted a “dangerous breach of the Charter of the United Nations and a serious threat to international peace and security, while also undermining the chances for a two‑State solution and fuelling the fires of violence and extremism.”[23]

Turkey, who was the co-sponsor of the draft resolution, also spoke as current Chair of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation(OIC).[23] Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said that Trump’s decision was an outrageous assault to all universal values. “The Palestinians have the right to their own state based on 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital. This is the main parameter and only hope for a just and lasting peace in the region. However, the recent decision of a UN Member State to recognise Jerusalem, or Al-Quds, as the capital of Israel, violates international law, including all relevant UN resolutions.”[22]

The General Assembly heard from Palestinian Foreign Minister Riad Al‑Malki, who said that the meeting was “not because of any animosity to the United States of America” but instead the sessions was “called to make the voice of the vast majority of the international community — and that of people around the world — heard on the question of Jerusalem/Al‑Quds Al‑Sharif.” He called the US decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and to move its embassy there “an aggressive and dangerous move” which could inflame tensions and lead to a religious war that “has no boundaries.” He added that though the decision would have no impact on the city’s status, it would nevertheless compromise the role of the United States in the Middle East peace process.[23] He urged member states to reject “blackmail and intimidation.”[5]

US Ambassador Nikki Haley then said that her country was “singled out for attack” because of its recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. She added that: “The United States will remember this day in which it was singled out for attack in the General Assembly for the very act of exercising our right as a sovereign nation,” Haley said. We will remember it when we are called upon to once again make the world’s largest contribution to the United Nations, and so many countries come calling on us, as they so often do, to pay even more and to use our influence for their benefit.”[15] She added that: “America will put our embassy in Jerusalem. That is what the American people want us to do, and it is the right thing to do. No vote in the United Nations will make any difference on that…this vote will make a difference in how Americans view the UN.”[22]

Israel’s Ambassador Danny Danon then told the assembly that the vowed that “no General Assembly resolution will ever drive us from Jerusalem.”[4]

Venezuela’s Ambassador, speaking for the Non‑Aligned Movement (NAM), expressed “grave concern about Israel’s ongoing violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including attempts to alter the character, status and demographic composition of the City of Jerusalem. [It was] slso concerned about the decision to relocate the United States embassy [and] warned that such provocative actions would further heighten tensions, with potentially far‑reaching repercussions given the extremely volatile backdrop.[23]

Other speakers included, Pakistan, Indonesia, Maldives, Syria, Bangladesh, Cuba, Iran and China.[23]

Malaysia’s Ambassador Datuk Seri Mohammed Shahrul Ikram Yaakob said that, as a member of the OIC and NAM, “Malaysia joins the international community in expressing our deep concern and rejects the decision by the United States to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. It is also an infringement of the Palestinian people’s rights and their right to self determination.” He called for a peaceful two-state solution and that Malaysia is concerned the situation will only feed into the agenda of extremists.”[2]

Other speakers included, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and South Africa. The Permanent Observer for the Holy See, Tomasz Grysa, emphasised that Jerusalem was most sacred to the Abrahamic faiths and a symbol for millions of believers around the world who considered it their “spiritual capital.” Its significance went “beyond the question of borders, a reality that should be considered a priority in every negotiation for a political solution.” The Holy See, he said, called for a “peaceful resolution that would ensure respect for the sacred nature of Jerusalem and its universal value…reiterating that only international guarantee could preserve its unique character and status and provide assurance of dialogue and reconciliation for peace in the region.”[23]

After the motion was passed, more speeches continued with Estonia, who also spoke on behalf of other states. Australia’s Ambassador then explained her country’s government did “not support unilateral action that undermined the peace process [and] it did not believe today’s text would help to bring the parties back to the negotiating table.”[23]

Other speakers included, Paraguay, whose Ambassador said that the country would abstain because “the question of Jerusalem was a matter for the Security Council, as the primary body responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security.”[23] This was followed by El Salvador, Argentina and Romania.[23]

Canada’s Ambassador Marc-Andre Blanchard called the proposal “one-sided”[23] and said: “We are disappointed that this resolution is one sided and does not advance prospects for peace to which we aspire, which is why we have abstained on today’s vote.” He, however, added that Canada wanted to emphasise Jerusalem’s special significance to the Abrahamic religions of Jews, Muslims and Christians. “Denying the connection between Jerusalem and the Jewish, Muslim and Christian faiths undermines the integrity of the site for all. We also reiterate the need to maintain the status quo at Jerusalem’s Holy sites.[19]

Nicaragua’s explained its support of the resolution, as it “rebuffed recent unilateral attempts to modify the character and status of Jerusalem. Such unilateral actions were in blatant violation of resolution 2234 (2016) and others…unilateral actions jeopardised peace and stability in the Middle East and drew the international community further away from a solution.”[23]

Mexico’s Ambassador then explained the abstention and emphasised that convening an emergency session was a disproportionate response. “The United States must become part of the solution, not a stumbling block that would hamper progress…the international community was further than ever from agreement.”[23]

The Czech Republic then said that while it supported the European Union position, it had abstained because it “did not believe the draft resolution would contribute to the peace process.”[23]

Armenia said that is position “remained unchanged. The situation should be resolved through negotiations paving the way for lasting peace and security.”[23]

Hungary echoed Armenia’s stance and said it would not comment on the foreign relations of the United States.[23]

Latvia then spoke, before Estonia re-took the floor to say it had also spoken on behalf of Albania, Lithuania and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.[23]

Result[edit]

Vote[24] Quantity States
Approve 128 Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, China, Comoros, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guinea, Guyana, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Macedonia, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.
Reject 9 Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Togo, United States.
Abstain 35 Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cameroon, Canada, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Haiti, Hungary, Jamaica, Kiribati, Latvia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Rwanda, Solomon Islands, South Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu.
Absent 21 Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, East Timor, El Salvador, Georgia, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Mongolia, Myanmar, Moldova, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Zambia.

Reactions[edit]

States

Israel – Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu rejected the result shortly after it was announced in call it “preposterous,” while he also thanked the states that supported “the truth” by not participating in “the theatre of the absurd.” He added that: “Jerusalem is our capital. Always was, always will be…But I do appreciate the fact that a growing number of countries refused to participate in this theatre of the absurd. So I appreciate that, and especially I want to again express our thanks to [US] President (Donald) Trump and Ambassador [Nikki] Haley, for their stalwart defence of Israel and their stalwart defence of the truth.” Defence Minister Avigdor Liberman, reminded Israelis of the longstanding Israeli disdain for such votes. “Let us just remember that this is the same UN about which our first ambassador to the organisation, Abba Eban, once said: ‘If Algeria introduced a resolution declaring that the earth was flat and that Israel had flattened it, it would pass by a vote of 164 to 13 with 26 abstentions’. There is nothing new in what just happened at the UN.” He also praised the US as “the moral beacon shining out of the darkness.” Minister of Strategic Affairs and Public Security Gilad Erdan said: “The historic connection between Israel and Jerusalem is stronger than any vote by the ‘United Nations’ — nations who are united only by their fear and their refusal to recognise the simple truth that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and the Jewish people.”

    • However, opposition Joint List Chairman and MK Ayman Odeh called the vote a wake-up call for Israel: “In the international arena, there still exists a large and definitive majority that believes that the Palestinian people, like all other nations, deserve a place in this world and the right to self-determination. This evening’s vote by the majority of the world’s nations against Trump’s announcement, in spite of the pressure and threats, flies in the face of Trump’s and Netanyahu’s diplomatic policy and is a clear statement by the international community in support of peace and the right of the Palestinians to an independent state, whose capital is East Jerusalem,”[8]
Media

Haaretz‘s Noa Landau, wrote, in citing unnamed diplomatic sourced, that Israel was particularly disappointed with countries like India that have enhanced bilateral relations with it recently. “The main disappointment in Israel was with the countries that have enhanced bilateral relations in recent years, especially those that share a particularly conservative worldview with the Netanyahu government. For example, India – whose Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, visited Israel in July, a tour that was memorable mainly for the pastoral photographs of him and Netanyahu embracing and wading in the waves – voted for the resolution against Israel and the United States.”[8]

Others

At a “Solidarity to Save Jerusalem” rally organised by the Barisan National government in Malaysia, one of the attendees Association of NextGen Christians of Malaysia President Joshua Hong said at the Putra Mosque: “We are here because we feel that the decision made by President Trump on announcing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is merely a political decision. He added that the decision also hurts Christian and Arabic churches in Palestine and not just the Muslims. “To us as Christians, Jerusalem is a city of peace and after that announcement, we feel there is no more peace.I think it is not right and unjust. We believe we should continue pursuing the sustainable peace solution for Palestine and Israel, rather than just a single nation declaring it just like that.” He claimed that about 50 members of the group turned up in a show of support for the Palestinian people..[2]

Oman and Afghanistan have grabbed the last two places in next year’s ICC World Twenty20 tournament in India.

 

 

Afghanistan overcame Papua New Guinea by six wickets with 10 balls to spare at Malahide, Dublin, to qualify for the event for the fourth successive time.

Oman then beat Namibia by five wickets at the same venue to qualify for their first major global cricket tournament.

The victory also means Oman have been granted Twenty20 international status by the International Cricket Council.

Oman are coached by former Sri Lanka captain Duleep Mendis, and have also recently

 

These are the six team that will be playing along side the full fledge nation in the 2016 world cup

 

Afghanistan,

Ireland,

Netherlands,

UAE,

Scotland,

Oman,

 

 REAL IRA

 

Annual turnover: $ 50 million

Main funding sources: smuggling and illegal trade, aid and donations

Region: Northern Ireland, Ireland, United Kingdom
Purpose: Release of Northern Ireland and the creation of a united Irish state, which includes Northern Ireland and Ireland

Real IRA is a radical faction of the IRA (Irish Republican Army), established by activists who oppose the peace agreement signed in April 1998. This faction is considered to be the strongest resistance organization operating against the British, and it is defined as a terrorist organization by the EU and the USA.

The Real IRA sees itself as a follower of the mythological IRA, and aims to part from the United Kingdom and establish a united Irish state, which also includes the northern region of the island.

The group acts mainly against the British army and the Northern Irish police, and is responsible for several deadly terrorist attacks. The car bomb explosion in Omagh in August 1998, which killed 29 people and wounded 220, was the deadliest terrorist attack in the history of the conflict. The murder of two British soldiers in March 2009, the first to be killed in Ireland since the peace agreement, was also the work of this group. Real IRA was responsible for a number of attacks in central London, such as an RPG rocket assault on the central headquarters of MI6 (British intelligence organization) and the car bomb explosion in front of the headquarters of the BBC.

The Irish terrorist group is based in Dublin, overseeing a global network of smuggling and illegal trade in various goods – from electronics and oil barrels to cigarettes and cattle. A few years ago an Irish-American businessman was arrested for smuggling 350 thousand cartons of cigarettes from Panama to Ireland, worth 3.6 million pounds. This arrest revealed the main arteries of the organization’s funding, which generates about $10 million annually.

Another very important capital source of the organization, according to a US State Department global terrorism report, is the Irish-American population, numbering about 35 million people (seven times the population of Ireland itself). The group raises money from supporters among Irish-American activists, who oppose the peace agreement. Some of them, according to the report, are not satisfied with the financial support and work for the purchase of illegal weapons and smuggle it to the group members. Other income is derived from fraud and money laundering and bank robberies.

ICC Men World Twenty20

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the equivalent women’s tournament, see ICC Women’s World Twenty20. For the ICC Twenty20 ranking scheme, see ICC T20I Championship.
ICC World Twenty20
2014 ICC World Twenty20 logo.svg

The logo of 2014 ICC World Twenty20
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format Twenty20 International
First tournament 2007
Tournament format Round robin, followed by Super 8, and conclusion with the Semi Final and Final
Number of teams 16
Current champion  Sri Lanka (1st title)
Most successful
Most runs Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene(1016)[1]
Most wickets Sri Lanka Lasith Malinga (38)[2]
2016 ICC World Twenty20

Summary of all teams in all tournaments[edit]

Source: Cricinfo[24]
Team Appearances Best result Statistics
Total First Latest Played Won Lost Tie NR Win%
 Sri Lanka 5 2007 2014 Champions (2014) 31 21 9 1(1) 0 69.35
 India 5 2007 2014 Champions (2007) 28 17 9 1(1) 1 64.81
 Pakistan 5 2007 2014 Champions (2009) 30 18 11 1(0) 0 61.66
 England 5 2007 2014 Champions (2010) 26 11 14 0 1 44.00
 West Indies 5 2007 2014 Champions (2012) 25 12 11 1(1) 1 52.08
 Australia 5 2007 2014 Runner-up (2010) 25 14 11 0 0 56.00
 South Africa 5 2007 2014 Third place (2009) 26 16 10 0 0 61.53
 New Zealand 5 2007 2014 Fourth place (2007) 25 11 12 2(0) 0 48.00
 Bangladesh 5 2007 2014 Round 2 (2007) 18 3 15 0 0 16.66
 Ireland 4 2009 2014 Round 2 (2009) 12 3 7 0 2 30.00
 Netherlands 2 2009 2014 Round 2 (2014) 9 4 5 0 0 44.44
 Kenya 1 2007 2007 Round 1 (2007) 2 0 2 0 0 0.00
 Scotland 2 2007 2009 Round 1 (2007) 4 0 3 0 1 0.00
 Zimbabwe 4 2007 2014 Round 1 (2007) 9 3 6 0 0 33.33
 Afghanistan 3 2010 2014 Round 1 (2012) 7 1 6 0 0 14.28
 Hong Kong 1 2014 2014 Round 1 (2014) 3 1 2 0 0 33.33
   Nepal 1 2014 2014 Round 1 (2014) 3 2 1 0 0 66.66
 United Arab Emirates 1 2014 2014 Round 1 (2014) 3 0 3 0 0 0.00

Team results by tournament[edit]

The ICC does not adjudicate rankings but only rounds a team achieves e.g. Semis, round one etc. The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams in the ICC World Twenty20.

Legend
  • 1st — Champions
  • 2nd — Runners-up
  • 3rd — Third place
  • 4th — Fourth place
  • R2 — Round 2 (Super 8s, Super 10s)
  • R1 — Round 1
  • q — Qualified for upcoming tournament
  •  ••  — Qualified but withdrew
  •  •  — Did not qualify
  •  ×  — Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned
  •    — Hosts

The team ranking in each tournament is according to ICC.

For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

The number in bracket indicates number of wins in tied matches by Super Over, Bowl out or any other c, however these are considered as half a win regardless of the result. The win percentage excludes no results and counts ties (irrespective of a tiebreaker) as half a win.

The inaugural event, the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, was staged in South Africa. Pakistan were originally selected to host it. It ran from 11–24 September 2007. The tournament was won by India, who became the first World T20 Champions after defeating Pakistan by 5 runs in the final at theWanderers Stadium in Johannesburg. The second event, the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 took place in England from 5–21 June 2009. This tournament was won by the previous runners-up Pakistan who defeated Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in the final at Lord’s, London.[3][4] The third tournament, the 2010 ICC World Twenty20 was held from 30 April–16 May 2010 and hosted by the West Indies. The winners were England who defeated Australia by 7 wickets in the final atKensington Oval, Barbados. This was the first ever ICC tournament won byEngland. The fourth tournament, the 2012 ICC World Twenty20, was held from 18 September to 7 October 2012 and was hosted by Sri Lanka. The winners were West Indies who defeated Sri Lanka by 36 runs, their first appearance in a World cricket final since 1983 and their first victory since 1979.[5] The fifth tournament, the 2014 ICC World Twenty20, was held from 16 March to 6 April. The winners of the tournament were Sri Lanka, who made it to the finals for the third time, by beating India by 6 wickets.The ICC World Twenty20 (also referred to as the ICC World T20 or theWorld Twenty20) is the international championship of Twenty20 cricket. Organised by cricket‘s governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), the tournament consists of 12 teams, comprising all ten ICC full members and two other ICC members chosen through the ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. The event is generally held every two years, and all matches are accordedTwenty20 International status. The 2014 event was a host to 16 nations. See the full list below.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

When the Benson & Hedges Cup ended in 2002, the ECB needed another one day competition to fill its place. Cricketing authorities were looking to boost the game’s popularity with the younger generation in response to dwindling crowds and reduced sponsorship. It was intended to deliver fast paced, exciting cricket accessible to thousands of fans who were put off by the longer versions of the game. Stuart Robertson, the marketing manager of the ECB, proposed a 20 over per innings game to county chairmen in 2001 and they voted 11–7 in favour of adopting the new format.[6]

Regional tournaments

ICC World T20 2007 BAN vs RSA

The first official Twenty20 matches were played on 13 June 2003 between the English counties in the Twenty20 Cup.[7] The first season of Twenty20 in England was a relative success, with the Surrey Lions defeating theWarwickshire Bears by 9 wickets in the final to claim the title.[8] The first Twenty20 match held at Lord’s, on 15 July 2004 between Middlesex andSurrey, attracted a crowd of 27,509, the largest attendance for any county cricket game at the ground other than a one-day final since 1953.[9]

Soon after with the adoption of Twenty20 matches by other cricket boards, the popularity of the format grew with unexpected crowd attendance, new regional tournaments such as Pakistan’s Faysal Bank T20 Cup andStanford 20/20 tournament and the financial incentive in the format.

The West Indies regional teams competed in what was named theStanford 20/20 tournament. The event was financially backed by billionaire Allen Stanford, who gave at least US$28,000,000 funding money. It was intended that the tournament would be an annual event. Guyana won the inaugural event, defeating Trinidad and Tobago by 5 wickets, securing US$1,000,000 in prize money.[10][11] A spin-off tournament, the Stanford Super Series, was held in October 2008 between Middlesex and Trinidad and Tobago, the respective winners of the English and Caribbean Twenty20 competitions, and a Stanford Superstars team formed from West Indies domestic players; Trinidad and Tobago won the competition, securing US$280,000 prize money.[12][13] On 1 November, the Stanford Superstars played England in what was expected to be the first of five fixtures in as many years with the winner claiming a US$20,000,000 in each match.[14][15]

Twenty20 Internationals

On 17 February 2005 Australia defeated New Zealand in the first men’s full international Twenty20 match, played at Eden Park in Auckland. The game was played in a light-hearted manner – both sides turned out in kit similar to that worn in the 1980s, the New Zealand team’s a direct copy of that worn by the Beige Brigade. Some of the players also sported moustaches/beards and hair styles popular in the 1980s taking part in a competition amongst themselves for best retro look, at the request of the Beige Brigade. Australia won the game comprehensively, and as the result became obvious towards the end of the NZ innings, the players and umpires took things less seriously – Glenn McGrath jokingly replayed the Trevor Chappell underarm incident from a 1981 ODI between the two sides, and Billy Bowden showed him a mock red card (red cards are not normally used in cricket) in response.

Inaugural tournaments[edit]

Lasith Malinga bowling to Shahid Afridi in the 2009 Final at Lord’s.

It was first decided that every two years an ICC World Twenty20 tournament is to take place, except in the event of an Cricket World Cup being scheduled in the same year, in which case it will be held the year before. The first tournament was in2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final. Two Associate teams had played in the first tournament, selected through the 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division One, a 50-over competition. In December 2007 it was decided to hold a qualifying tournament with a 20-over format to better prepare the teams. With six participants, two would qualify for the 2009 World Twenty20 and would each receive $250,000 in prize money.[16] The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21 June 2009. The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 tournament was held in West Indies in May 2010, whereEngland defeated Australia by 7 wickets. The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was won by the West-Indies, by defeating Sri Lanka at the finals. For the first time, a host nation competed in the final of the ICC World Twenty20. There were 12 participants for the title including Ireland and Afghanistan as 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. It was the first time the T20 World Cup tournament took place in an Asian country.

Expansion to 16 teams[edit]

The 2012 edition was to be expanded into a 16 team format however this was reverted to 12.[17] The 2014 tournament, held in Bangladesh was the first to feature 16 teams including all ten full members and six associate members who qualified through the 2013 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. However the top eight full member teams in the ICC T20I Championshiprankings on 8 October 2012 were given a place in the Super 10 stage. The remaining eight teams competed in the group stage, from which two teams advance to the Super 10 stage.[18][19] Three new teams (Nepal, Hong Kong and UAE) made their debut in this tournament.

Format[edit]

Qualification[edit]

All Test-playing nations achieve automatic qualification to the tournament, with the remaining places filled by other ICC members through a qualification tournament. Qualification for the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 came from the results of the first cycle of the World Cricket League, a 50-over league for non-Test playing nations. The two finalists of the Division Onetournament (Kenya and Scotland) qualified for the inaugural tournament alongside the Test-playing nations. For subsequent tournaments, qualification has been achieved through the World Twenty20 Qualifier, with Afghanistan (2010 and 2012), Ireland (2009, 2010, and 2012), Netherlands (2009), and Scotland (2009) each having qualified through this process.

Final tournament[edit]

Within each group (both Group Stage & Super Eight Stage), teams are ranked against each other based on the following criteria:[20]

  1. Higher number of points
  2. If equal, higher number of wins
  3. If still equal, higher net run rate
  4. If still equal, lower bowling strike rate
  5. If still equal, result of head to head meeting.

In case of a tie (that is, both teams scoring the same number of runs at the end of their respective innings), a Super Overwould decide the winner. In the case of a tie occurring again in the Super Over, the match is won by the team that has scored the most sixes in their innings. This is applicable in all stages of the tournament, having been implemented during the 2009 tournament. During the 2007 tournament, a bowl-out was used to decide the loser of tied matches.[21]

Hosts[edit]

The International Cricket Council’s executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining bids from the nations which have expressed an interest in holding the event. After South Africa in 2007, England, West Indies and Sri Lanka hosted the tournament in 2009, 2010 and 2012 respectively. The last tournament was hosted by Bangladesh in 2014.[22] India will host the 2016 tournament.[23]

Results[edit]

Year Host Nation(s) Final Venue Final
Winner Result Runner-up
2007
Details
 South Africa Wanderers Stadium,Johannesburg  India
157/5 (20 overs)
India won by 5 runs
Scorecard
 Pakistan
152 all out (19.4 overs)
2009
Details
 England Lord’s, London  Pakistan
139/2 (18.4 overs)
Pakistan won by 8 wickets
Scorecard
 Sri Lanka
138/6 (20 overs)
2010
Details
 West Indies Kensington Oval,Barbados  England
148/3 (17 overs)
England won by 7 wickets
Scorecard
 Australia
147/6 (20 overs)
2012
Details
 Sri Lanka R Premadasa Stadium, Colombo  West Indies
137/6 (20 overs)
West Indies won by 36 runs
Scorecard
 Sri Lanka
101 all out (18.4 overs)
2014
Details
 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium, Dhaka  Sri Lanka
134/4 (17.5 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 6 wickets
Scorecard
 India
130/4 (20 overs)
2016
Details
 India
2020
Details
 Australia

Team results by tournament[edit]

The ICC does not adjudicate rankings but only rounds a team achieves e.g. Semis, round one etc. The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams in the ICC World Twenty20.

Team 2007
(12)
2009
(12)
2010
(12)
2012
(12)
2014
(16)
2016
(16)
Total
 Afghanistan × × R1
12th
R1
11th
R1
14th
3
 Australia 3rd R1
11th
2nd 3rd R2
8th
q 5
 Bangladesh R2
8th
R1
10th
R1
10th
R1
10th
R2
10th
q 5
 England R2
7th
R2
6th
1st R2
6th
R2
7th
q 5
 Hong Kong × × × R1
15th
1
 India 1st R2
7th
R2
8th
R2
5th
2nd q 5
 Ireland R2
8th
R1
9th
R1
9th
R1
13th
4
 Kenya R1
12th
1
   Nepal × × × R1
12th
1
 Netherlands R1
9th
R2
9th
2
 New Zealand 4th R2
5th
R2
5th
R2
7th
R2
6th
q 5
 Pakistan 2nd 1st 4th 4th R2
5th
q 5
 Scotland R1
10th
R1
12th
2
 South Africa R2
5th
3rd R2
6th
R2
8th
4th q 5
 Sri Lanka R2
6th
2nd 3rd 2nd 1st q 5
 United Arab Emirates × × R1
16th
1
 West Indies R1
11th
4th R2
7th
1st 3rd q 5
 Zimbabwe R1
9th
•• R1
11th
R1
12th
R1
11th
q 4

Debut of teams[edit]

Team appearing for the first time, in alphabetical order per year.

Year Debutants Total
2007  Australia,  Bangladesh,  England,  India,  Kenya,  New Zealand,  Pakistan,  Scotland,  South Africa,  Sri Lanka,  West Indies,  Zimbabwe 12
2009  Ireland,  Netherlands 2
2010  Afghanistan 1
2012 none 0
2014  Hong Kong,    Nepal,  United Arab Emirates 3
Total 18

Other results[edit]

Results of host nations[edit]

Year Host Nation Finish
2007  South Africa Round 2
2009  England Round 2
2010  West Indies Round 2
2012  Sri Lanka Runners-up
2014  Bangladesh Round 2

Results of defending champions[edit]

Year Defending champions Finish
2009  India Round 2
2010  Pakistan Semi Finalists
2012  England Round 2
2014  West Indies Semi Finalists

Statistics and records

ICC Men Cricket World Cup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the main tournament. For the women’s tournament, see Women’s Cricket World Cup. For the ongoing tournament, see 2015 Cricket World Cup.
ICC Cricket World Cup
Administrator International Cricket Council(ICC)
Format One Day International
First tournament 1975 (England)
Last tournament 2011 (India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka)
Next tournament 2019 (England and Wales)
Tournament format ↓various
Number of teams 19 (all tournaments)
14 (most recent)
Current champion  India (2nd title in 2011)
Most successful  Australia (4 titles)
Most runs India Sachin Tendulkar(2,278)
Most wickets Australia Glenn McGrath (71)
2015 Cricket World Cup

Overview

The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past World Cups, as of the end of the 2011 tournament. Teams are sorted by best performance, then total number of wins, then total number of games, then by alphabetical order.

Appearances Statistics
Team Total First Latest Best result Played Won Lost Tie NR Win%
 Australia 10 1975 2011 Champions (1987, 1999, 2003, 2007) 76 55 19 1 1 72.36
 West Indies 10 1975 2011 Champions (1975, 1979) 64 38 25 0 1 59.37
 India 10 1975 2011 Champions (1983, 2011) 67 39 26 1 1 58.20
 Pakistan 10 1975 2011 Champions (1992) 64 36 26 0 2 56.25
 Sri Lanka 10 1975 2011 Champions (1996) 66 31 31 1 2 46.96
 England 10 1975 2011 Runners-up (1979, 1987, 1992) 66 39 25 1 1 59.09
 New Zealand 10 1975 2011 Semifinals (1975, 1979, 1992, 1999, 2007, 2011) 70 40 29 0 1 57.14
 South Africa 6 1992 2011 Semifinals (1992, 1999, 2007) 47 31 14 2 0 65.95
 Kenya 5 1996 2011 Semifinals (2003) 29 6 22 0 1 20.68
 Zimbabwe 8 1983 2011 Super Six (1999, 2003) 51 10 37 1 3 19.60
 Bangladesh 4 1999 2011 Super 8 (2007) 26 8 17 0 1 30.76
 Ireland 2 2007 2011 Super 8 (2007) 15 4 10 1 0 26.66
 Canada 4 1979 2011 8th(1979) 18 2 16 0 0 11.11
 Netherlands 4 1996 2011 11th(2003) 20 2 18 0 0 10.00
 United Arab Emirates 1 1996 1996 11th(1996) 5 1 4 0 0 20.00
 Bermuda 1 2007 2007 16th(2007) 3 0 3 0 0 0.00
 Namibia 1 2003 2003 14th(2003) 6 0 6 0 0 0.00
 Scotland 2 1999 2007 12th(1999) 8 0 8 0 0 0.00
East Africa 1 1975 1975 8th(1975) 3 0 3 0 0 0.00

No longer exists.

The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket. The event is organised by the sport’s governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), with preliminary qualification rounds leading up to a finals tournament held every four years. The tournament is one of the world’s most viewed sporting events and is considered the “flagship event of the international cricket calendar” by the ICC.[1]

The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975, with the first ODI cricket match having been played only four years prior. However, a separateWomen’s Cricket World Cup had been held two years before the first men’s tournament, and a tournament involving multiple international teams had been held as early as 1912, when a triangular tournament of Test matches was played between Australia, England and South Africa. Each of the first three World Cups were held in England. From the 1987 tournament onwards, hosting has been shared between countries under an unofficial rotation system, with fourteen ICC members having hosted at least one match in the tournament.

The finals of the World Cup are contested by the ten full members of the ICC (all of which are Test-playing teams) and a number of teams made up fromassociate and affiliate members of the ICC, selected via the World Cricket League and a later qualifying tournament. A total of 19 teams have competed in the ten editions of the tournament, with 14 competing in the 2011 tournament. Australia has won the tournament four times, with the West Indies, India (twice each), Pakistan and Sri Lanka (once each) also having won the tournament. The best performance by a non-full-member team came when Kenya made the semi-finals of the 2003 tournament.

History

Before the first Cricket World Cup

The first ever international cricket match was played between Canada and the United States, on 24 and 25 September 1844.[2] However, the first credited Test match was played in 1877 between Australia and England, and the two teams competed regularly for The Ashes in subsequent years. South Africa was admitted to Test status in 1889.[3] Representative cricket teams were selected to tour each other, resulting in bilateral competition. Cricket was also included as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games, where Great Britain defeated France to win the gold medal.[4] This was the only appearance of cricket at the Summer Olympics.

The first multilateral competition at international level was the 1912 Triangular Tournament, a Test cricket tournament played in England between all three Test-playing nations at the time: England, Australia and South Africa. The event was not a success: the summer was exceptionally wet, making play difficult on damp uncovered pitches, and attendances were poor, attributed to a “surfeit of cricket”.[5] In subsequent years, international Test cricket has generally been organised as bilateral series: a multilateral Test tournament was not organised again until the triangular Asian Test Championship in 1999.[6]

The number of nations playing Test cricket increased gradually over the years, with the addition of West Indies in 1928,New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, and Pakistan in 1952. However, international cricket continued to be played as bilateral Test matches over three, four or five days.

In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket which only lasted for one day. Starting in 1962 with a four-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup,[7] and continuing with the inaugural Gillette Cup in 1963, one-day cricket grew in popularity in England. A national Sunday League was formed in1969. The first One-Day International match was played on the fifth day of a rain-aborted Test match between England and Australia at Melbourne in 1971, to fill the time available and as compensation for the frustrated crowd. It was a forty overgame with eight balls per over.[8]

In the late 1970s, Kerry Packer established the rival World Series Cricket (WSC) competition. It introduced many of the now commonplace features of One Day International cricket, including coloured uniforms, matches played at night under floodlights with a white ball and dark sight screens, and, for television broadcasts, multiple camera angles, effects microphones to capture sounds from the players on the pitch, and on-screen graphics. The first of the matches with coloured uniforms was the WSC Australians in wattle gold versus WSC West Indians in coral pink, played at VFL Park in Melbourne on 17 January 1979. The success and popularity of the domestic one-day competitions in England and other parts of the world, as well as the early One-Day Internationals, prompted the ICC to consider organising a Cricket World Cup.[9]

Prudential World Cups (1975–1983)

The Prudential Cup trophy

The inaugural Cricket World Cup was hosted in 1975 by England, the only nation able to put forward the resources to stage an event of such magnitude at the time. The 1975 tournament started on 7 June.[10] The first three events were held in England and officially known as the Prudential Cup after the sponsors Prudential plc. The matches consisted of 60 six-ball overs per team, played during the daytime in traditional form, with the players wearing cricket whites and using red cricket balls.[11]

Eight teams participated in the first tournament: Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, and the West Indies (the six Test nations at the time), together with Sri Lanka and a composite team from East Africa.[12] One notable omission was South Africa, who were banned from international cricket due to apartheid. The tournament was won by the West Indies, who defeated Australia by 17 runs in the final at Lord’s.[12]

The 1979 World Cup saw the introduction of the ICC Trophy competition to select non-Test playing teams for the World Cup,[13] with Sri Lanka and Canada qualifying.[14] The West Indies won a second consecutive World Cup tournament, defeating the hosts England by 92 runs in the final. At a meeting which followed the World Cup, the International Cricket Conference agreed to make the competition a quadrennial event.[14]

The 1983 event was hosted by England for a third consecutive time. By this stage, Sri Lanka had become a Test-playing nation, and Zimbabwe qualified through the ICC Trophy. A fielding circle was introduced, 30 yards (27 m) away from thestumps. Four fieldsmen needed to be inside it at all times.[15] The teams faced each other twice, before moving into the knock-outs. India, an outsider quoted at 66–1 to win by bookmakers before the competition began, were crowned champions after upsetting the West Indies by 43 runs in the final.[9][16]

1987–1996

India and Pakistan jointly hosted the 1987 tournament, the first time that the competition was held outside England. The games were reduced from 60 to 50 overs per innings, the current standard, because of the shorter daylight hours in theIndian subcontinent compared with England’s summer.[17] Australia won the championship by defeating England by 7 runs in the final, the closest margin in World Cup final history.[18][19]

The 1992 World Cup, held in Australia and New Zealand, introduced many changes to the game, such as coloured clothing, white balls, day/night matches, and a change to the fielding restriction rules. The South African cricket team participated in the event for the first time, following the fall of the apartheid regime and the end of the international sports boycott.[20]Pakistan overcame a dismal start in the tournament to eventually defeat England by 22 runs in the final and emerge as winners.[21]

The 1996 championship was held in the Indian subcontinent for a second time, with the inclusion of Sri Lanka as host for some of its group stage matches.[22] In the semi-final, Sri Lanka, heading towards a crushing victory over India at Eden Gardens after the hosts lost eight wickets while scoring 120 runs in pursuit of 252, were awarded victory by default after crowd unrest broke out in protest against the Indian performance.[23] Sri Lanka went on to win their maiden championship by defeating Australia by seven wickets in the final at Lahore.[24]

Australian treble (1999-2007)

In 1999 the event was hosted by England, with some matches also being held in Scotland, Ireland, Wales and the Netherlands.[25][26] Twelve teams contested the World Cup. Australia qualified for the semi-finals after reaching their target in their Super 6 match against South Africa off the final over of the match.[27] They then proceeded to the final with a tied match in the semi-final also against South Africa where a mix-up between South African batsmen Lance Klusener and Allan Donald saw Donald drop his bat and stranded mid-pitch to be run out. In the final, Australia dismissed Pakistan for 132 and then reached the target in less than 20 overs and with eight wickets in hand.[28]

A large crowd of over 10,000 fans welcome the Australian team on completing the first World Cuphat-trick – Martin Place, Sydney.

South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya hosted the 2003 World Cup. The number of teams participating in the event increased from twelve to fourteen. Kenya‘s victories over Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe, among others – and a forfeit by the New Zealand team, which refused to play in Kenya because of security concerns – enabled Kenya to reach the semi-finals, the best result by an associate. In the final, Australia made 359 runs for the loss of two wickets, the largest ever total in a final, defeating India by 125 runs.[29][30]

In 2007 the tournament was hosted by the West Indies and expanded to sixteen teams.[31] Following Pakistan’s upset loss to World Cup debutants Ireland in the group stage, Pakistani coach Bob Woolmer was found dead in his hotel room.[32] Jamaican police had initially launched a murder investigation into Woolmer’s death but later confirmed that he died of heart failure.[33] Australia defeated Sri Lanka in the final by 53 runs (D/L) in farcical light conditions, and extended their undefeated run in the World Cup to 29 matches and winning three straight championships.[34]

2011

India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh jointly hosted the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Pakistan were stripped of their hosting rights following the terrorist attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team, with the games originally scheduled for Pakistan redistributed to the other host countries.[35] The number of teams participating in the World Cup dropped down to fourteen.[36] Australia lost their final group stage match against Pakistan on 19 March 2011, ending an unbeaten streak of 35 World Cup matches, which had begun on 23 May 1999.[37] India won their second World Cup title by beating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the final in Mumbai, and became the first country to win the final on home soil.[36]

Format

Qualification

The Test-playing nations qualify automatically for the World Cup main event, while the other teams have to qualify through a series of preliminary qualifying tournaments. The One Day International playing nations automatically enter the final qualification tournament, the World Cup Qualifier, along with other nations who have qualified through separate competitions.

Qualifying tournaments were introduced for the second World Cup, where two of the eight places in the finals were awarded to the leading teams in the ICC Trophy.[13] The number of teams selected through the ICC Trophy has varied throughout the years; currently, six teams are selected for the Cricket World Cup. The World Cricket League (administered by theInternational Cricket Council) is the qualification system provided to allow the Associate and Affiliate members of the ICC more opportunities to qualify. The name “ICC Trophy” has been changed to “ICC World Cup Qualifier”.[38]

Under the current qualifying process, the World Cricket League, all 91 Associate and Affiliate members of the ICC are able to qualify for the World Cup. Associate and Affiliate members must play between two and five stages in the ICC World Cricket League to qualify for the World Cup finals, depending on the Division in which they start the qualifying process.

Process summary in chronological order:

  1. Regional tournaments: Top teams from each regional tournaments will be promoted to a division depending on the teams’ rankings according to the ICC and each division’s empty spots.
  2. Division One: 6 Teams – All automatically qualify for the World Cup Qualifier.
  3. Division Two: 6 Teams – Top 4 qualify for the World Cup Qualifier.
  4. Division Three: 6 Teams – Top 2 promoted to Division Two.
  5. Division Four: 6 Teams – Top 2 promoted to Division Three.
  6. Division Five: 6 Teams – Top 2 promoted to Division Four.
  7. Division Three (second edition): 6 Teams – Top 2 qualify for the World Cup Qualifier.
  8. ICC World Cup Qualifier: 12 Teams – Top 6 are awarded ODI status and Top 4 qualify for the World Cup.

Tournament

The captains of the 2007 Cricket World Cup.

The format of the Cricket World Cup has changed greatly over the course of its history. Each of the first four tournaments was played by eight teams, divided into two groups of four.[39] The competition consisted of two stages, a group stage and a knock-outstage. The four teams in each group played each other in the round-robin group stage, with the top two teams in each group progressing to the semi-finals. The winners of the semi-finals played against each other in the final. With South Africa returning in the fifth tournament in 1992 as a result of the end of the apartheid boycott, nine teams played each other once in the group phase, and the top four teams progressed to the semi-finals.[40] The tournament was further expanded in 1996, with two groups of six teams.[41] The top four teams from each group progressed to quarter-finals and semi-finals.

A new format was used for the 1999 and 2003 World Cups. The teams were split into two pools, with the top three teams in each pool advancing to the Super 6.[42] The Super 6 teams played the three other teams that advanced from the other group. As they advanced, the teams carried their points forward from previous matches against other teams advancing alongside them, giving them an incentive to perform well in the group stages.[42] The top four teams from the Super 6 stage progressed to the semi-finals, with the winners playing in the final.

The format used in the 2007 World Cup features 16 teams allocated into four groups of four.[43] Within each group, the teams play each other in a round-robin format. Teams earn points for wins and half-points for ties. The top two teams from each group move forward to the Super 8 round. The Super 8 teams play the other six teams that progressed from the different groups. Teams earned points in the same way as the group stage, but carried their points forward from previous matches against the other teams who qualified from the same group to the “Super 8” stage.[44] The top four teams from theSuper 8 round advance to the semi-finals, and the winners of the semi-finals play in the final.

The format used in the 2011 and 2015[45] World Cups features two groups of seven teams, each playing in a round-robin format. The top four teams from each group proceed to the knock out stage consisting of quarter-finals, semi-finals and ultimately the final.[46]

Trophy

The ICC Cricket World Cup Trophy is presented to the winners of the World Cup. The current trophy was created for the 1999 championships, and was the first permanent prize in the tournament’s history. Prior to this, different trophies were made for each World Cup.[47] The trophy was designed and produced in London by a team of craftsmen from Garrard & Coover a period of two months.

The current trophy is made from silver and gild, and features a golden globe held up by three silver columns. The columns, shaped as stumps and bails, represent the three fundamental aspects of cricket: batting, bowling and fielding, while the globe characterises a cricket ball.[48] It stands 60 centimetres high and weighs approximately 11 kilograms. The names of the previous winners are engraved on the base of the trophy, with space for a total of twenty inscriptions. The ICC keeps the original trophy. A replica differing only in the inscriptions is permanently awarded to the winning team.[49]

Media coverage

Mello

The tournament is the world’s third largest (with only the FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics exceeding it), being televised in over 200 countries to over 2.2 billion television viewers.[50][51][52][53]Television rights, mainly for the 2011 and 2015 World Cup, were sold for over US$1.1 billion,[54] and sponsorship rights were sold for a further US$500 million.[55] The 2003 Cricket World Cup matches were attended by 626,845 people,[56] while the 2007 Cricket World Cup sold more than 672,000 tickets.[57][58]

Successive World Cup tournaments have generated increasing media attention as One-Day International cricket has become more established. The 2003 World Cup in South Africa was the first to sport a mascot, Dazzler the zebra.[59] An orange mongoose known as Mello was the mascot for the2007 Cricket World Cup.[60] Stumpy, a blue elephant was the mascot for the 2011 World Cup.[61]

On 13 February the opening of the 2015 tournament was celebrated with a Google Doodle.[62]

Selection of hosts

Civic Centre, South Africa honours the 2003 World Cup.

The International Cricket Council’s executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining the bids made by the nations keen to hold a Cricket World Cup.[63]

England hosted the first three competitions. The ICC decided that England should host the first tournament because it was ready to devote the resources required to organising the inaugural event.[10] India volunteered to host the third Cricket World Cup, but most ICC members preferred England as the longer period of daylight in England in June meant that a match could be completed in one day.[64] The 1987 Cricket World Cup was held in India and Pakistan, the first hosted outside England.[65]

Many of the tournaments have been jointly hosted by nations from the same geographical region, such as South Asia in 1987, 1996 and 2011, Australasia in 1992 and 2015, Southern Africa in 2003 and West Indies in 2007.

Tournament history

Year Host Nation(s) Final Venue Final
Winner Result Runner-up
1975
Details
England
England
Lord’s, London,
United Kingdom
 West Indies
291/8 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 17 runs
Scorecard
 Australia
274 all out (58.4 overs)
1979
Details
England
England
Lord’s, London,
United Kingdom
 West Indies
286/9 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 92 runs
Scorecard
 England
194 all out (51 overs)
1983
Details
England Wales
England, Wales
Lord’s, London,
United Kingdom
 India
183 all out (54.4 overs)
India won by 43 runs
Scorecard
 West Indies
140 all out (52 overs)
1987
Details
India Pakistan
India, Pakistan
Eden Gardens, Calcutta,
India
 Australia
253/5 (50 overs)
Australia won by 7 runs
Scorecard
 England
246/8 (50 overs)
1992
Details
Australia New Zealand
Australia, New Zealand
MCG, Melbourne,
Australia
 Pakistan
249/6 (50 overs)
Pakistan won by 22 runs
Scorecard
 England
227 all out (49.2 overs)
1996
Details
Pakistan India Sri Lanka
Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore,
Pakistan
 Sri Lanka
245/3 (46.2 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 7 wickets
Scorecard
 Australia
241/7 (50 overs)
1999
Details
England Wales Scotland Republic of Ireland Netherlands
England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Netherlands
Lord’s, London,
United Kingdom
 Australia
133/2 (20.1 overs)
Australia won by 8 wickets
Scorecard
 Pakistan
132 all out (39 overs)
2003
Details
South Africa Zimbabwe Kenya
South Africa, Zimbabwe, Kenya
Wanderers,Johannesburg,
South Africa
 Australia
359/2 (50 overs)
Australia won by 125 runs
Scorecard
 India
234 all out (39.2 overs)
2007
Details
West Indies Cricket Board
West Indies
Kensington Oval,Bridgetown,
Barbados
 Australia
281/4 (38 overs)
Australia won by 53 runs (D/L)
Scorecard
 Sri Lanka
215/8 (36 overs)
2011
Details
India Sri Lanka Bangladesh
India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh
Wankhede Stadium,Mumbai,
India
 India
277/4 (48.2 overs)
India won by 6 wickets
Scorecard
 Sri Lanka
274/6 (50 overs)
2015
Details
Australia New Zealand
Australia, New Zealand
MCG, Melbourne,
Australia
2019
Details
England Wales
England, Wales
Lord’s, London,
England
2023
Details
India
India

Results

Map of each nation’s best results

Twenty nations have qualified for the Cricket World Cup at least once (excluding qualification tournaments). Seven teams have competed in every finals tournament, five of which have won the title.[9] The West Indies won the first two tournaments,Australia has won four, India has won two, while Pakistan and Sri Lanka have each won once. The West Indies (1975 and 1979) and Australia (1999, 2003 and 2007) are the only nations to have won consecutive titles.[9] Australia has played in six of the ten final matches (1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2007). England has yet to win the World Cup, but has been runners-up three times (1979, 1987, 1992). The best result by a non-Test playing nation is the semi-final appearance by Kenya in the 2003 tournament; while the best result by a non-Test playing team on their debut is the Super 8 (second round) by Ireland in 2007.[9]

Sri Lanka as a co-host of the 1996 Cricket World Cup was the first host to win the tournament, though the final was held in Pakistan.[9] India won in 2011 as host and was the first team to win in a final played in their own country.[66] England is the only other host to have made the final, in 1979. Other countries which have achieved or equalled their best World Cup results while co-hosting the tournament are New Zealand as semi-finalists in 1992; Zimbabwe who reached the Super Six in 2003; and Kenya as semi-finalists in 2003.[9] In 1987, co-hosts India and Pakistan both reached the semi-finals, but were eliminated by Australia and England respectively.[9] Australia in 1992, England in 1999, South Africa in 2003, andBangladesh in 2011 have been the host teams that were eliminated in the first round.

Teams’ performances

Comprehensive teams’ performances of over the past World Cups:

Team \ Host 1975 1979 1983 1987 1992 1996 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019 2023
England England England India
Pakistan
Australia
New Zealand
India
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
England South Africa
Zimbabwe
Kenya
West Indies Cricket Board India
Sri Lanka
Bangladesh
Australia
New Zealand
England India
 Afghanistan Q
 Australia 2nd GP GP 1st 5th 2nd 1st 1st 1st QF Q
 Bangladesh GP GP 7th GP Q
 Bermuda GP
 Canada GP GP GP GP
East Africa GP
 England SF 2nd SF 2nd 2nd QF GP GP 5th QF Q Q
 India GP GP 1st SF 7th SF 6th 2nd GP 1st Q Q
 Ireland 8th GP Q
 Kenya GP GP SF GP GP
 Namibia GP
 Netherlands GP GP GP GP
 New Zealand SF SF GP GP SF QF SF 5th SF SF Q
 Pakistan GP SF SF SF 1st QF 2nd GP GP SF Q
 Scotland GP GP Q
 South Africa SF QF SF GP SF QF Q
 Sri Lanka GP GP GP GP 8th 1st GP SF 2nd 2nd Q
 United Arab Emirates GP Q
 West Indies 1st 1st 2nd GP 6th SF GP GP 6th QF Q
 Zimbabwe GP GP 9th GP 5th 6th GP GP Q

No longer exists.

Prior to the 1992 World Cup, South Africa was banned due to apartheid.

The number of wins followed by Run-rate is the criteria for determining the rankings till the 1987 World Cup.

The number of points followed by, head to head performance and then Net Run-rate is the criteria for determining the rankings for the World Cups from 1992 onwards.

Legend

  • 1st – Winner
  • 2nd – Runner up
  • SF – Semi-final
  • S8 – Super Eight (2007 only)
  • S6 – Super Six (1999–2003)
  • QF – Quarter-finals (1996 & 2011)
  • GP – Group – First round
  • Q – Qualified

Debutant teams

Year Teams
1975  Australia, East Africa,  England,  India,  New Zealand,  Pakistan,  Sri Lanka,  West Indies
1979  Canada
1983  Zimbabwe
1987 none
1992  South Africa
1996  Kenya,  Netherlands,  United Arab Emirates
1999  Bangladesh,  Scotland
2003  Namibia
2007  Bermuda,  Ireland
2011 none
2015  Afghanistan

No longer exists.

Awards

Man of the tournament

Since 1992, one player has been declared as “Man of the Tournament” at the end of the World Cup finals:[67]

Year Player Performance details
1992 New Zealand Martin Crowe 456 runs
1996 Sri Lanka Sanath Jayasuriya 221 runs and 7 wickets
1999 South Africa Lance Klusener 281 runs and 17 wickets
2003 India Sachin Tendulkar 673 runs and 2 wickets
2007 Australia Glenn McGrath 26 wickets
2011 India Yuvraj Singh 362 runs and 15 wickets

Man of the Match in the Final

There were no Man of the Tournament awards before 1992 but Man of the Match awards have always been given for individual matches. Winning the Man of the Match in the final is logically noteworthy, as this indicates the player deemed to have played the biggest part in the World Cup final. To date the award has always gone to a member of the winning side. The Man of the Match award in the final of the competition has been awarded to:[67]

Year Player Performance details
1975 West Indies Cricket Board Clive Lloyd 102 runs
1979 West Indies Cricket Board Viv Richards 138*
1983 India Mohinder Amarnath 3/12 and 26
1987 Australia David Boon 75 runs
1992 Pakistan Wasim Akram 33 and 3/49
1996 Sri Lanka Aravinda de Silva 107* and 3/42
1999 Australia Shane Warne 4/33
2003 Australia Ricky Ponting 140*
2007 Australia Adam Gilchrist 149
2011 India Mahendra Singh Dhoni 91*

Tournament records

Main individual and team records

Sachin Tendulkar, the leading run-scorer in World Cup history.

World Cup records[68]
Batting
Most runs India Sachin Tendulkar 2,278 (19922011)
Highest average (min. 20 inns.) West Indies Cricket Board Viv Richards 63.31 (19751987)
Highest score West Indies Cricket Board Chris Gayle vZimbabwe 215 (2015)
Highest partnership West Indies Cricket Board Chris Gayle & Marlon Samuels
(2nd wicket) v Zimbabwe
372 (2015)
Most runs in a tournament India Sachin Tendulkar 673 (2003)
Bowling
Most wickets Australia Glenn McGrath 71 (19962007)
Lowest average (min. 1000 balls bowled) Australia Glenn McGrath 19.21 (19962007)
Best bowling figures Australia Glenn McGrath vNamibia 7/15 (2003)
Most wickets in a tournament Australia Glenn McGrath 26 (2007)
Fielding
Most dismissals (wicket-keeper) Australia Adam Gilchrist 39 (19992007)
Most catches (fielder) Australia Ricky Ponting 28 (19962011)
Team
Highest score  Australia v Afghanistan 417/6 (2015)
Lowest score  Canada v Sri Lanka 36 (2003)
Highest win % Australia Australia 74% (Played 76, Won 55)
Most consecutive wins Australia Australia 25 (19992011)
Most consecutive tournament wins Australia Australia 3 (19992007)

See also

ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format One Day International
First tournament 1988
Last tournament 2014
Tournament format Round-robin
Knock-out
Number of teams 16
Current champion  South Africa (1st title)
Most successful  Australia (3 titles)
 India (3 titles)

The ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup is an international cricket tournament contested by national Under-19 teams. The tournament was not staged after its first edition in 1988 till 1998 and since then has been organised by the ICC as a biennial event. The number of competing teams in the tournament has increased from eight in 1988 to the present 16 giving an opportunity for a number of associate and affiliate teams to showcase their talent.

Summary of all teams in all tournaments[edit]

The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past Under 19 World Cups, as at the end of the2014 tournament. Teams are sorted by best performance, then winning percentage, then (if equal) by alphabetical order.

No longer exist.

Team Appearances Best result Statistics
Total First Latest Played Won Lost Tie NR Win%
 Australia 10 1988 2014 Champions (1988, 2002,2010) 67 50 15 0 2 76.92
 India 10 1988 2014 Champions (2000, 2008,2012) 65 47 17 0 1 73.43
 Pakistan 10 1988 2014 Champions (2004, 2006) 63 45 18 0 0 74.42
 South Africa 9 1998 2014 Champions (2014) 55 40 14 0 1 71.07
 England 10 1988 2014 Champions (1998) 63 36 26 0 1 58.06
 West Indies 10 1988 2014 Runners-up (2004) 65 39 26 0 0 60.00
 Sri Lanka 10 1988 2014 Runners-up (2000) 62 33 28 0 1 54.09
 New Zealand 10 1988 2014 Runners-up (1998) 60 28 31 0 1 47.45
 Bangladesh 9 1998 2014 5th place (2006) 58 40 16 1 1 71.05
 Zimbabwe 9 1998 2014 6th place (2004) 56 25 31 0 0 44.64
 Afghanistan 3 2010 2014 7th place (2014) 18 7 11 0 0 38.88
   Nepal 6 2000 2012 8th place (2000) 37 19 17 0 1 52.77
 Ireland 7 1998 2012 10th place (2010) 43 14 28 1 0 33.72
 Scotland 6 1998 2014 11th place (2012) 36 11 25 0 0 30.55
 Kenya 3 1998 2002 11th place (1998) 17 5 12 0 0 29.41
 Canada 4 2002 2014 11th place (2010) 23 3 18 1 1 15.90
 Namibia 7 1998 2014 11th place (2008) 41 6 34 1 0 15.85
 United States 2 2006 2010 12th place (2006) 11 2 8 0 1 20.00
 United Arab Emirates 1 2014 2014 12th place (2014) 6 1 5 0 0 16.66
 Papua New Guinea 7 1998 2014 12th place (2008,2010) 41 3 38 0 0 7.31
 Denmark 1 1998 1998 13th place (1998) 6 2 4 0 0 33.33
 Netherlands 1 2000 2000 14th place (2000) 6 1 4 0 1 20.00
 Hong Kong 1 2010 2010 14th place (2010) 6 1 5 0 0 16.66
 Uganda 2 2004 2006 14th place (2004,2006) 12 2 10 0 0 16.66
 Bermuda 1 2008 2008 15th place (2008) 5 1 4 0 0 20.00
 Malaysia 1 2008 2008 16th place (2008) 5 1 4 0 0 20.00
Americas 1 2000 2000 16th place (2000) 6 0 6 0 0 0.00
ICC Associates 1 1988 1988 8th place (1988) 7 0 7 0 0 0.00

No longer exist.

The result percentage excludes no results and counts ties as half a win

Team result by tournament[edit]

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • Q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
  • * – Team was ineligible for tournament
  • italics – Team is defunct
  •     — Hosts

History[edit]

1988 (Winner: Australia)[edit]

The inaugural event was titled the McDonald’s Bicentennial Youth World Cup, and was held in 1988 as part of theAustralian Bicentenary celebrations. It took place in South Australia and Victoria. Teams from the seven Test-playing nations, as well as an ICC Associates XI, competed in a round-robin format. Australia lost only one match, their final round-robin game against Pakistan by which time they had qualified for the semis. They went on to beat Pakistan by five wickets in the final, thanks to an unbeaten hundred from Brett Williams. England and West Indies made up the last four, but India were the real disappointments. After opening with a good win against England, they suffered hefty defeats in four matches to be knocked out early. The tournament was notable for the number of future international players who competed. Future England captains Nasser Hussain and Mike Atherton played, as did Indian spinner Venkatapathy Raju, New Zealand all-rounder Chris Cairns, Pakistanis Mushtaq Ahmed and Inzamam-ul-Haq, Sri Lankan Sanath Jayasuriya, and West IndiansBrian Lara, Ridley Jacobs, and Jimmy Adams. Australia’s Brett Williams was the leading run-scorer, with 471 runs at anaverage of 52.33. Wayne Holdsworth from Australia and Mushtaq Ahmed were the leading wicket-takers, with 19 wickets ataverages of 12.52 and 16.21 respectively.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 8 teams were: 1.Australia, 2.Pakistan, 3.West Indies, 4.England, 5.Sri Lanka, 6.India, 7.New Zealand, 8.ICC Associates

1998 (Winner: England)[edit]

England were the unexpected winners of the second Under-19 World Cup in South Africa. In 1998, the event was relaunched in South Africa as a biennial tournament. The only previous tournament of its kind was held ten years earlier. In addition to the nine Test-playing nations, there were teams from Bangladesh, Kenya, Scotland, Ireland, Denmark, Namibiaand Papua New Guinea. The teams were divided into four pools, named after Gavaskar, Sobers, Cowdrey and Bradman, and the top two sides from each progressed to two Super League pools, whose winners advanced to the final. In order to give everyone a decent amount of cricket, the non-qualifiers competed in a Plate League, won by Bangladesh, who beatWest Indies in the final. West Indies failed to qualify for the Super League after a fiasco concerning the composition of their squad – they arrived with seven players who contravened the age restrictions for the tournament. The Super League, in which every game was covered live on South African satellite television, also threw up a number of shocks and tense finishes; both pools came down to net run-rate at the finish. England, from being down and almost out, beat Pakistan – who surprisingly lost all three of their games – but lost a rain-affected match to India. Australia had beaten India and Pakistan and were favourites to reach the final. Only a massive defeat by England could deny them: but that is precisely what they suffered. In front of a crowd of about 6,000 at Newlands, they were bowled out for 147. New Zealand joined England in the final, where a century from England’s Stephen Peters won the day. Chris Gayle was the tournament’s leading run-scorer, with 364 runs at an average of 72.80. West Indian Ramnaresh Sarwan and Zimbabwean Mluleki Nkala were the leading wicket-takers, with 16 wickets at 10.81 and 13.06 respectively.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.England, 2.New Zealand, 3.South Africa, 4.Australia, 5.India, 6.Sri Lanka, 7.Pakistan, 8.Zimbabwe, 9.Bangladesh, 10.West Indies, 11.Kenya, 12.Scotland, 13.Denmark, 14.Ireland, 15.Namibia, 16.Papua New Guinea

2000 (Winner: India)[edit]

The 2000 tournament was held in Sri Lanka, and replicated the format from 1998. Participating nations included the nine Test-playing nations, as well as Bangladesh, Kenya, Ireland, Namibia, Holland, Nepal and the Americas. To the disappointment of a large crowd at Colombo’s SSC, Sri Lanka fell at the final hurdle in a final dominated by India. The winners remained unbeaten throughout, and destroyed Australia by 170 runs in the semi-final to underline their supremacy. In the other semi-final, Sri Lanka delighted a crowd of 5000 at Galle by beating Pakistan. The fact that three of the four semi-finalists were from Asia and so more attuned to the conditions was coincidental – they played the better cricket and, in Pakistan’s case, had a very experienced squad. England, the defending champions, were most disappointing, and they won only one match against a Test-playing country, and that a last-ball victory over Zimbabwe. South Africa, one of the favourites, were desperately unlucky to be eliminated after three no-results gave them three points while Nepal, with four points courtesy of one win over Kenya, went through to the Super League instead. The format of the tournament was as in 1997-98, with four groups of four and then a Super League and final. Graeme Smith was the tournament’s leading run-scorer, with 348 runs at an average of 87.00. Pakistan’s Zahid Saeed was the leading wicket-taker, with 15 wickets at 7.60. India’s Yuvraj Singh was named Man of the Series. India clinched the title for the first time under the captaincy ofMohammed Kaif.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.India, 2.Sri Lanka, 3.Pakistan, 4.Australia, 5.West Indies, 6.England, 7.New Zealand, 8.Nepal, 9.South Africa, 10.Bangladesh, 11.Zimbabwe, 12.Ireland, 13.Kenya, 14.Netherlands, 15.Namibia, 16.Americas

2002 (Winner: Australia)[edit]

The fourth Under-19 World Cup held in New Zealand only confirmed Australia’s dominance of the game, and from their opening match, when they obliterated Kenya by 430 runs, through to their comprehensive victory over South Africa in the final, they were never threatened. Participating nations included the ten Test-playing nations, plus Canada, Kenya, Namibia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, and Scotland. Their captain, Cameron White, was singled out for praise for his leadership, and he chipped in with 423 runs at 70.50. And they didn’t rely on pace either, playing only two seamers and four slow bowlers, with Xavier Doherty, a slow left-armer, leading the wicket-takers with 16 at 9.50 and all without a single wide. In contrast, India, the holders, underperformed in their semi-final against South Africa, a team they had easily beaten a week or so earlier. They also suffered embarrassing defeats to neighbours Pakistan and Bangladesh. Pakistan, however, provided the main upset when they lost to Nepal by 30 runs, and Nepal also gave England a few uneasy moments. Zimbabwe won the plate competition, with their expected opponents, Bangladesh, beaten in the semi-final by Nepal. Australian Cameron Whitewas the tournament’s leading run-scorer, with 423 runs at an average of 70.50 and Xavier Doherty was the leading wicket-taker, with 16 wickets at 9.50. Tatenda Taibu, Zimbabwe’s captain, was Man of the Series for his 250 runs and 12 wickets, not to mention his wicket-keeping in between bowling stints.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.Australia, 2.South Africa, 3.India, 4.West Indies, 5.Pakistan, 6.New Zealand, 7.England, 8.Sri Lanka, 9.Zimbabwe, 10.Nepal, 11.Bangladesh, 12.Namibia, 13.Scotland, 14.Kenya, 15.Canada, 16.Papua New Guinea

2004 (Winner: Pakistan)[edit]

The 2004 tournament was held in Bangladesh. More than 350,000 spectators saw the 54 matches played in the tournament. The finale ended with a close final between the two best teams – West Indies and Pakistan. It was won by Pakistan by 25 runs against West Indies and a 30,000 crowd acclaimed the victorious Pakistanis almost as their own. The players, from the ten Test countries and six other nations, were feted wherever they went, and the appetite for cricket was remarkable: even Zimbabwe v Canada sold out. The shock was the elimination from the main competition of holders Australia, bowled out for 73 and beaten by Zimbabwe in the group stage when Tinashe Panyangara took 6 for 31, the second-best figures in the competition’s history. And Australia then lost to Bangladesh in the plate final amid thumping drums and gleeful celebrations. The downside was the quality of the cricket, which was often mediocre on some indifferent pitches, and the reporting of six unidentified bowlers for having suspect actions. Pakistan would have finished unbeaten but for a hiccup against England – when both teams had already qualified for the semis. England reached the last four, which was progress, and Alastair Cook looked a class apart. But they came unstuck against West Indies’ spinners in the semi-final. India completed the semi-finalists. Dhawan and Suresh Raina were the backbone of a strong batting line-up, and Raina’s 90 from just 38 balls against the hapless Scots was as brutal an innings as one will see at any level. Both looked international-class already, though faced with a tough task breaking into their senior side’s formidable top order. The captain Ambati Rayudu had been hailed as the next great batting hope, having scored a century and a double in a first-class match at the age of 17. But he did not score the runs promised and was banned by the referee John Morrison from the semi-final after allowing a funereal over-rate during the Super League win against Sri Lanka: eight overs were bowled in the first 50 minutes. India’s Shikhar Dhawan was named Man of the Tournament, and was the tournament’s leading run-scorer, with 505 runs at an average of 84.16. Bangladeshi Enamul Haque was the leading wicket-taker, with 22 wickets at 10.18.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.Pakistan, 2.West Indies, 3.India, 4.England, 5.Sri Lanka, 6.Zimbabwe, 7.South Africa, 8.New Zealand, 9.Bangladesh, 10.Australia, 11.Ireland, 12.Scotland, 13.Nepal, 14.Uganda, 15.Canada, 16.Papua New Guinea

2006 (Winner: Pakistan)[edit]

This tournament was always going to struggle to live up to the overwhelming response that greeted the previous event in Bangladesh. Despite free tickets the matches were sparsely attended even when the home side were in action, but it shouldn’t detract from an impressive two weeks which finished with Pakistan securing their second consecutive title in an extraordinary final against India at the Premadasa Stadium. Pakistan crumbled to 109, but in a thrilling passage of play reduced India to 9 for 6. Jamshed Ahmed and Anwar Ali, two of the success stories of the tournament, did the damage and there was no way back for India who fell 38 runs short. These two teams and Australia were the pick of the sides and along with England – who surpassed expectation to reach the semi-finals after beating a talented Bangladesh side – made up the final four. A number of players caught the eye, notably Australia captain Moises Henriques, the Indian batsmen Sumit thakur – the tournament’s leading run-scorer – and team-mate Rohit Sharma, along with legspinner Piyush Chawla, who a few weeks later made his Test debut against England. However, perhaps the best story of the tournament was Nepal claiming the Plate trophy after a thrilling victory against New Zealand having also beaten South Africa during the event.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.Pakistan, 2.India, 3.Australia, 4.England, 5.Bangladesh, 6.Sri Lanka, 7.Zimbabwe, 8.West Indies, 9.Nepal, 10.New Zealand, 11.South Africa, 12.USA, 13.Ireland, 14.Uganda, 15.Namibia, 16.Scotland

2008 (Winner: India)[edit]

It was the first time the tournament was held in an Associate Member country. The 2008 Under-19 Cricket World Cup was held in Malaysia from 17 February to 2 March 2008. Along with hosts, 15 other teams battled in 44 matches packed into 15 days across three cities. India, still smarting from the loss in the previous edition had reason to be upbeat with Tanmay Srivastava, a mature batsman who eventually finished as the tournament’s leading run-getter, in their ranks. Australia and England had forgettable campaigns, coming up short against the big teams after making mincemeat of the minnows. Defending champions Pakistan were fortuitous to reach the semi-finals as their batsmen never really got going and, against South Africa in the semi-finals, their luck finally ran out while chasing 261. New Zealand, boosted by Man of the Tournament Tim Southee, were impressive before losing to India in a narrow run-chase under lights and cloudy skies in the other semi-final. South Africa’s captain Wayne Parnell had played a major role in ensuring their passage to the summit clash, picking up the most wickets in the tournament en route. But they had lost to India in the group stages and lightning did strike twice. India under the leadership of Virat Kohli, after being bowled out for 159, emerged triumphant by 12 runs under the D/L method and were crowned champions for the second time.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.India, 2.South Africa, 3.Pakistan, 4.New Zealand, 5.England, 6.Australia, 7.Sri Lanka, 8.Bangladesh, 9.West Indies, 10.Nepal, 11.Namibia, 12.Papua New Guinea, 13.Ireland, 14.Zimbabwe, 15.Bermuda, 16.Malaysia [1]

2010 (Winner: Australia)[edit]

The 2010 Under-19 Cricket World Cup was held in New Zealand in January 2010. The tournament was hosted in New Zealand after the ICC took it away from Kenya on the flimsiest of reasons which ridiculed its own mission to spread the game. Kenya were further kicked by the ICC as their side was not allowed to participate as it had not won the African qualifying event – a weakened side had been fielded as at the time, as hosts, they did not need to qualify. As it was, New Zealand did a decent job but crowds were dismal and the group stages were as tediously predictable as in the senior tournament, with the better-funded big nations dominating. South Africa did beat Australia in a good match but a dead rubber. The competition came alive in the quarter-finals as West Indies beat England and Sri Lanka defeated South Africa. The best tie of the competition came when Pakistan beat fierce rivals India by two wickets with three balls remaining in a low-scoring match. The final between Australia and Pakistan was a rematch of the first tournament, and Australia won by 25 runs in a game where fortunes ebbed and flowed throughout.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.Australia, 2.Pakistan, 3.West Indies, 4.Sri Lanka, 5.South Africa, 6.India, 7.New Zealand, 8.England, 9.Bangladesh, 10.Ireland, 11.Canada, 12.Papua New Guinea, 13.Zimbabwe, 14.Hong Kong, 15.USA, 16.Afghanistan

2012 (Winner: India)[edit]

2012 Under-19 Cricket World Cup was held in Tony Ireland Stadium, Australia. Along with the 10 ten test playing nations, Afghanistan, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Ireland, Scotland and Namibia also participated in this tournament. Australia lost against India in the final on 26 August 2012. India’s third U19 World Cup means they tie for the most with Australia. Sri Lanka could not go through into the last eight but won the Plate championship by defeating Afghanistan by 7 wickets. Reece Topley of England was the highest wicket taker whereas Anamul Haque of Banglasdesh was the top run getter. India won the final against Australia with 14 balls to spare and 6 wickets remaining. Captain Unmukt Chand played a match winning innings of 111* not out in 130 balls with the help of 6 sixes & 7 fours. Sandeep Sharma also excelled with four wickets under his belt.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.India, 2.Australia, 3.South Africa, 4.New Zealand, 5.England, 6.West Indies, 7.Bangladesh, 8.Pakistan, 9.Sri Lanka, 10.Afghanistan, 11.Scotland, 12.Ireland, 13.Nepal, 14.Papua New Guinea, 15.Zimbabwe, 16.Namibia

2014 (Winner: South Africa)[edit]

2014 Under-19 Cricket World-Cup was held in Dubai(U.A.E) in 2014. It was the first time that U.A.E hosted an ICC event. Afghanistan was the only non-full member to qualify for the Quarter Finals. This was the first time that Afghanistan reached the last eight of this tournament, courtesy of their stellar performance against Australia in the group stage. In fact, this was the second time that a non-test playing nation qualified for the Super League/ Quarter Finals, Nepal being the first one in the 2000 edition. India wobbled in the Quarter Finals against England and finally lost in the final over. This was the first semi-final berth for England in last four editions. Pakistan beat England in the semis to reach its fifth Under-19 Final, becoming the first team to do so. South Africa beat Australia in the second semi-final. In a one-sided final, South Africa beat Pakistans and claimed its maiden U-19 World Cup title. Corbin Bosch, son of former South African cricketer Tertius Bosch, was the Man of the Match in the finals and Aiden Markram was the Man of the Series. South Africa did not lose even a single match in the entire tournament.

The final ranks in the tournament for the 16 teams were: 1.South Africa, 2.Pakistan, 3.England, 4.Australia, 5.India, 6.West Indies, 7.Afghanistan, 8.Sri Lanka, 9.Bangladesh, 10.New Zealand, 11.Zimbabwe, 12.UAE, 13.Namibia, 14.Scotland, 15.Canada, 16.Papua New Guinea

Results[edit]

Year Venue Winner Runners up Semi Finalist 1 (3rd Place) Semi Finalist 2 (4th Place) Plate Champions†
1988  Australia  Australia  Pakistan  West Indies  England Not Played
1998  South Africa  England  New Zealand  South Africa  Australia  Bangladesh
2000  Sri Lanka  India  Sri Lanka  Pakistan  Australia  South Africa
2002  New Zealand  Australia  South Africa  India  West Indies  Zimbabwe
2004  Bangladesh  Pakistan  West Indies  India  England  Bangladesh
2006  Sri Lanka  Pakistan  India  Australia  England    Nepal
2008  Malaysia  India  South Africa  Pakistan  New Zealand  West Indies
2010  New Zealand  Australia  Pakistan  West Indies  Sri Lanka  Bangladesh
2012  Australia  India  Australia  South Africa  New Zealand  Sri Lanka
2014  United Arab Emirates  South Africa  Pakistan  England  Australia  Bangladesh
2016  Bangladesh
2018  New Zealand
2020  South Africa

† The Plate Championship is played among teams not qualified for the second round and is treated as play-off for 9th position as 8 nations advance to the second round of the main tournament.

♦ Officially, no semi finals were played in this tournament. These teams were the 3rd and the 4th ranked teams in the Super League.

Team Australia
1988
South Africa
1998
Sri Lanka
2000
New Zealand
2002
Bangladesh
2004
Sri Lanka
2006
Malaysia
2008
New Zealand
2010
Australia
2012
United Arab Emirates
2014
Bangladesh
2016
New Zealand
2018
South Africa
2020
Total
 Afghanistan 16th 10th 7th Q 3
 Australia 1st 4th 4th 1st 10th 3rd 6th 1st 2nd 4th Q Q Q 10
 Bangladesh 9th 10th 11th 9th 5th 8th 9th 7th 9th Q Q Q 9
 Bermuda 15th 1
 Canada 15th 15th 11th 15th 4
 Denmark 13th 1
 England 4th 1st 6th 7th 4th 4th 5th 8th 5th 3rd Q Q Q 10
 Fiji Q 1
 Hong Kong 14th 1
 ICC Americas 16th 1
 ICC Associates 8th 1
 India 6th 5th 1st 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st 6th 1st 5th Q Q Q 10
 Ireland 14th 12th 11th 13th 10th 12th 6
 Kenya 11th 13th 14th 3
 Malaysia 16th 1
 Namibia 15th 15th 12th 15th 11th 16th 13th Q 7
 Netherlands 14th 1
   Nepal 8th 10th 13th 9th 10th 13th 6
 New Zealand 7th 2nd 7th 6th 8th 10th 4th 7th 4th 10th Q Q Q 10
 Pakistan 2nd 7th 3rd 5th 1st 1st 3rd 2nd 8th 2nd Q Q Q 10
 Papua New Guinea 16th 16th 16th 12th 12th 14th 16th 7
 South Africa * 3rd 9th 2nd 7th 11th 2nd 5th 3rd 1st Q Q Q 9
 Scotland 12th 13th 12th 16th 11th 14th 6
 Sri Lanka 5th 6th 2nd 8th 5th 6th 7th 4th 9th 8th Q Q Q 10
 Uganda 14th 14th 2
 United Arab Emirates 12th 1
 United States 12th 15th 2
 West Indies 3rd 10th 5th 4th 2nd 8th 9th 3rd 6th 6th Q Q Q 10
 Zimbabwe 8th 11th 9th 6th 7th 14th 13th 15th 11th Q Q Q 9