Flight 237, Obama’s 237, and Room 237

( excerpt Twilight Language)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
236 237 238
Cardinal two hundred thirty-seven
Ordinal 237th
(two hundred and thirty-seventh)
Factorization 3 × 79
Prime no
Roman numeral CCXXXVII
Binary 111011012
Ternary 222103
Quaternary 32314
Quinary 14225
Senary 10336
Octal 3558
Duodecimal 17912
Hexadecimal ED16
Vigesimal BH20
Base 36 6L36

237 is a lucky number, and one of the numbers in Aronson’s sequence.

The 237th square pyramidal number, 4465475, is also a sum of two smaller square pyramidal numbers. There are only four smaller numbers (55, 70, 147, and 226) with the same property.The number 237 is in the news. It is intriguing to see how 237 links with enigmas and mysteries of a synchromystic nature.

Flight 237

On Monday, October 13, 2014, there was an Ebola scare at Logan Airport in Boston, Massachusetts. A Hazmat team boarded Emirates Flight 237 (shown above) to tend to five ill passengers, all from Dubai. Flight 237 was flying from India, via Dubai.

Late Monday, the Boston Public Health Commission issued a statement saying there appeared to beno Ebola infection:

After discussions with our partner hospitals Boston Medical Center and Massachusetts General Hospital, the Boston Public Health Commission’s Infectious Disease Bureau has determined that the patients who arrived on Emirates Flight 237 at Logan International Airport do not meet the criteria for any infections of public health concern, including Ebola, MERS, or meningococcal infection. Source.

Obama & 237

President Barack Obama mysteriously (or consciously), when he declared “Independence Day” on May 1, 2013, did mention the number “237” at the end of his “Presidential Proclamation” for Loyalty Day 2013.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim May 1, 2013, as Loyalty Day. This Loyalty Day, I call upon all the people of the United States to join in support of this national observance, whether by displaying the flag of the United States or pledging allegiance to the Republic for which it stands.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand thirteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-seventh. Source.

Steve Fletcher points out in his “What Is The Meaning of the Number 237?” that actually May 1st is the day “the Illuminati officially began on May 1, 1776. [Thus 2013] marks their 237th b[irth]day, May 1, 1776 – May 1, 2013 = 237. So May 1, 2013 was the Illuminati Birthday # 237.” Source.

But as Krister Rollins, Portland, Maine resident observes, “It is pretty standard for Pres. proclamations to end in the number of years of U.S. independence.” No mystery here. Just a “coincidence” with the Illuminati, it appears. Or was it?

The alternative theorizing has been noted for the use of the number 237, which seemed strange, at least, for an American President to mention that number on that date. It did  result in some speculations early in 2013 that the “Illuminati” might be planning something big for that year’s July 4th.

On July 4, 2013, the Egyptian military deposed Mohammed Morsi, and suspended Egypt’s constitution, saying that the move was an attempt at “national reconciliation” rather than a coup. Morsi, however, called it a “complete military coup.” He was taken into custody. Morsi, the first democratically elected head of state in Egyptian history, was overthrown by Field Marshal Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.

Room 237

One of the most synchrocinematic uses of “237” is in the film, The Shining, which was released in 1980.

In the Stanley Kubrick’s film The Shining, the most haunted room in the Overlook Hotel is Room 237. The Jack Torrance’s character’s son, Danny, has the most interactions with this room. The chef, Dick Hallorann, surprises Danny by telepathically communicating with the boy and offering him ice cream. To Danny, Dick explains that he and his grandmother shared this telepathic ability, which he calls “shining,” (thus the name of the movie). Danny asks if there is anything to be afraid of in the hotel, specifically inquiring about Room 237. Hallorann tells Danny that the hotel has a “shine” to it along with many memories, not all of which are good. He also tells Danny there is “nothing” in that room and to stay out of Room 237. Source.

The story behind Room 237 is complex, in actuality and in the movie.

The room number 217 has been changed to 237. Timberline Lodge, located on Mt. Hood in Oregon, was used for the exterior shots of the fictional “Overlook Hotel”; the Lodge requested that Kubrick was not to depict room #217 (featured in the book) in The Shining, because future guests at the Lodge might be afraid to stay there, and a nonexistent room, #237, was substituted in the film. Contrary to the hotel’s expectations, room #217 is requested more often than any other room at Timberline. There are [conspiracy] analyses relating this to rumors that Kubrick faked the first moon landing, as there are approximately 237,000 miles between Earth and Moon.

On the role of other numbers used in the film, Danny wears a jersey numbered 42, and he briefly watches with Wendy the film Summer of ’42. The numbers of Room 237 multiplied with each other is 42. Forty-two is 21 doubled (1921, 21 pictures on the gold corridor wall). Twelve is a mirror image of 21. The radio call number for the Overlook is KDK 12. The two screen titles for part three (8 a.m. and 4 p.m.) add up to 12. Room 237 when added together equal 12. Source.

Room 237 is a 2012 American documentary film [above, complete] directed by Rodney Ascher about perceived meanings in The Shining. The film includes footage from The Shining, and other Kubrick films, along with discussions by a number of Kubrick enthusiasts. The film has nine segments, each segment focusing on different elements within the film which “may reveal hidden clues and hint at a bigger thematic oeuvre.” The film was produced by Tim Kirk.

The film is told entirely through voiceover by people with different theories about The Shining. According to one, The Shining is about the genocide of Native Americans, because there is imagery throughout the film associated with the American West. For instance, cans of Calumet Baking Powder are noticeable in the background of two important scenes. Because a calumet is a peace pipe, and the cans featured the image of a Native American, one analyst believed that American imperialism was the subtext of the film, and he is astonished that no one else saw the same thing.

Another theorist believed that Stanley Kubrick had directed the footage disseminated by NASA to publicize the Apollo 11 moon landing. He believed that there are telltale signs of the use of front projection in NASA’s footage and that Kubrick was contracted to produce it. He points to the knitted Apollo 11 sweater that Danny wears, and the fact that a carpet pattern resembles the Apollo launching pad as evidence that the film is an elaborate apology of sorts for Kubrick’s involvement. [For other interpretative theories, see here, herehere, and here.]

Ronald Christopher Walker writes, “October 30 is Closing Day in The Shining, and October 30th, 1980 (the film’s release was on May 23, 1980) was exactly 42 years after Orson Welles’ radio broadcast of H.G. Wells’ War of the Worlds. May 23rd is 111 days before September 11th, and there are 111 days left in the year on 9/11.”

More 237: Scorpion and The Shining

The new CBS series, Scorpion is loosely based on the true story of a group of geniuses, we are told. It premiered on September 22, 2014. The basis of the series is the life of genius and computer expert Walter O’Brien.

Walter O’Brien was born February 24, 1975 in Ireland, was bullied as a youth, and founded hisScorpion Computer Services, using a nickname from his youth. O’Brien was the “Real-Life ‘Scorpion’ Helped ID Boston Marathon Bombing Suspects,” according to a report by WBZ-TV, Boston.

How much is real, legend, or myth, remains to be seen. Are new articles found on the Internet plants?
Intriguingly, the opening preface to Scorpion is a scene of a young O’Brien being arrested for hacking – wearing a USA rocket blue sweater. What is fake and what is fact? Sound familiar? Sort of like the Apollo moon landings? LOL.

Scorpion’s young O’Brien (played by Daniel Zolghadri) is wearing a sweater that mirrors, in a fashion, the Apollo 11 USA sweater being worn by Danny in The Shining.

Daniel has its origins from the Hebrew name דָּנִיֵּאל (Daniyyel) and means “God is my judge.”

In Room 237 (2012, directed by Rodney Ascher, produced by Tim Kirk), much is made by some theorists that Stanley Kubrick is giving a nod to the faking of the lunar landings with this sweater.

Sometimes, a sweater is just a sweater, but in the case of Scorpion, the nod here may be to The Shining, after all, therefore, in some ways, extending the mythos of Room 237.

Update: An Antares rocket has blown up.

“Every launch costs U.S. taxpayers $237 million.” ~ “Cause sought for space-supply rocket explosion,” Oct 29, 2014, WESH, Orlando, Florida.

Please, hold your breath, look at the sweater, note yesterday’s posting was about the new seriesScorpion, and read on:

Antares, also known by its Bayer designation Alpha Scorpii (abbreviated to α Scorpii or α Sco), is the seventeenth brightest star in the nighttime sky and the brightest star in the constellation Scorpius, and is often referred to as “the heart of the scorpion.” Along with Aldebaran, Regulus, and Fomalhaut, Antares comprises the group known as the “Royal stars of Persia.” It is one of the four brightest stars near the ecliptic.

The above observations were published late on Monday, October 27, 2014. By coincidence, that evening, an Antares rocket was scheduled to go to the orbiting space station. It was re-scheduled because a sailboat entered the restricted area, off shore. It was set to launch on Tuesday, October 28.

But instead, the unmanned Antares rocket exploded early Tuesday evening.
According to NASA, the Orbital Sciences Corp.’s Antares rocket and Cygnus ( = swan) cargo spacecraft were set to launch at 6:22 p.m. ET. It was to carry some 5,000 pounds of supplies and experiments to the International Space Station.

“There was failure on launch,” NASA spokesman Jay Bolden said. “There was no indicated loss of life.

The unmanned Antares rocket exploded shortly after launch from Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia.

The logo for NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility (WFF) resembles a stylized trident.

See also “The Autotune Ascension,” which is about Auto-Tune, an audio processor created by Antares Audio Technologies and its synchromystic links.

IKEA Even Set The Clock At 2:37

This is a worthy addition, although totally purposefully created,
to the 237 syncs making the rounds.

Beyond Room 237: Pitch Perfect 237 and 9/11

The number 237 has been appearing frequently in synchromystic circles, of late. On October 14, 2014, I posted “Flight 237, Obama’s 237, and Room 237.” This was stimulated by the Flight 237 Ebola scare at Logan Airport, Boston. But it tracks back, today, to 9/11’s beginning in Portland, Maine, via Logan Airport, to the Twin Towers in New York City.

“Room 237 is a deep rabbit hole.” ~ Sibyl Hunter, May 26, 2014.
“Breaking Breaking Bad: 237.” ~ iAhuasca, August 25, 2013.
In my 10.14.14 discussion, I posted the documentary, Room 237, which analyzes The Shining.

Room 237 has received film world praise. And thus it has spammed at least one good copycat, of sorts.

This new documentary is Pitch Perfect 237, by Cook St. Productions. (View here, if video does not show up.)

What quickly becomes apparent is that Pitch Perfect 237 – without getting in the way of itself – is a well-made documentary that has great synchromystic insights. It mixes the topic with equal parts of humor and deep twilight symbolism. This, of course, is being done as if one of the stars of theTwilight movies, Anna Kendrick, has some control over what is being revealed.

The secret behind the insights in Pitch Perfect 237 is the seemingly tongue-in-cheek observations on the role of 9/11 in Pitch Perfect, as if that is its primary hidden message. But even in humor individuals can decode twilight language.

Pitch Perfect 237 is clever. The male singers, The Troublemakers, sing a song (and act it out) about planes, and the Barden Bellas, dress as airline attendants, as they sing. Pitch Perfect 237 counts them and, humm, finds the numbers intriguing.

Enki King, who posted this video on his Facebook wall, also mentioned, “It just occurred to me that Anna Kendrick is from Portland Maine, and Mohammed Atta flew out of Portland International Jetport the morning of 9/11. Hmmm…”

I live in Portland, Maine, and have written of the mystery of Atta in Portland. Being in Portland, people also are very aware of the actress Anna Kendrick being from here. Portland is a small world.

“Kendrick was born [August 9, 1985] in Portland, Maine, the daughter of Janice (née Cooke), an accountant, and William K. Kendrick, a history teacher who also works in finance….She attended Deering High School in Portland,” notes Wikipedia.

Anna Kendrick’s “Beca” is given insights about the world through viewing The Breakfast Club.
Another actor from Portland, Maine appears in Pitch Perfect.  Judd Nelson is shown via film outtakes from The Breakfast Club.

“Nelson was born [November 28, 1959 or July 28, 1959 – both are given] in Portland, Maine, the son of Merle (née Royte), a court mediator and former member of the Maine state legislature, and Leonard Nelson, a corporate lawyer….He went to…Waynflete School in Portland, Maine,” saysWikipedia.

To a conspiracy theorist, even a conspiracy humorist making links to 9/11, the fact that two Portland, Maine actors are in Pitch Perfect is a coincidence somewhat beyond statistical chance. Interestingly, the filmmaker of Pitch Perfect  237 never mentions the 9/11-Portland-Kendrick-Nelson links.

Another actress with Portland, Maine – and Waynflete – in her blood is Liv Tyler, who “was born Liv Rundgren [July 1, 1977] at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. She is the only daughter of Bebe Buell, a model, singer, and former Playboy Playmate (Miss November 1974), and Steven Tyler, the lead singer of Aerosmith….[She attended] Breakwater School and Waynflete School in Portland, Maine, before returning to New York City with her mother at age 12,” mentions Wikipedia. In 2002, she starred in The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers – a film that has received its fair share of 9/11 analysis. Just saying.

Some of the imagery in Pitch Perfect – and Pitch Perfect 237 – such as this cover of Cat Scratch Fever over the head of Skylar Lipstein, is difficult to understand.
Of course, after viewing Pitch Perfect 237, you may be left scratching your head about why nothing was said about Room 334 appearing in Pitch Perfect. The clip of Room 334 is at 1:11 in Perfect Pitch 237.
I do have to note there was a strange televised program in 2010-2012 entitled Inside Room 334. It was a web series where a fictional deranged hotel owner installs a spy camera inside Room 334, and posts the clips he collects online. Bizarre, to say the least.

[8][ Genesis of Menar ]

It very difficult to put the pic on my blog from my desktop  so if u want  to see the full thing check my fb group  https://www.facebook.com/groups/456812817737525/ so u can see the full thing

Arab Spring


Arab Spring
Clockwise from top left: Protesters in Tahrir Square in Cairo; Demonstrators marching through Habib Bourguiba Avenue in Tunis; Political dissidents in Sana’a; Protesters gathering in Pearl Roundabout in Manama; Mass Demonstration in Douma; Demonstrators in Bayda.
Date 18 December 2010 – present
Location Arab world
Status Ongoing

  • Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali ousted, and government overthrown.
  • Egyptian Presidents Hosni Mubarak and Mohammed Morsi ousted, and governments overthrown. Ongoing post-coup political violence.
  • Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi killed after a civil war with foreign military intervention, and government overthrown.
  • Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh ousted, power handed to a national unity government.
  • Syria experiences a full-scale civil war between the government and opposition forces.
  • Civil uprising against the government of Bahrain despite unsatisfying government changes.
  • Kuwait, Lebanon and Oman implementing government changes in response to protests.
  • Morocco, Jordan implementing constitutional reforms in response to protests.
  • Ongoing protests in Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Mauritania and some other countries.
Death(s) 122,418–127,431+ (International estimate, ongoing;

The Arab Spring when the lyeing one lye no more and when she take up her place in the heaven the arab spring will start and that what happen in December 18 th 2010 in tunisa tunisa the one who lye down or tunis is the sky goddest who rule over the star  moon and planet it is also the goddest of  fertility .tunisa was bait that got the arab spring going  and the beast moving  looking at the majiour protest wheret the ruler have been force  from power in Tunisia,[1] Egypt (twice),[2] Libya,[3] and Yemen;[4] civil uprisings have erupted in Bahrain[5]and Syria;[6] major protests have broken out you can see a wave going farward activating  these country as it pass throught . in Algeria,[7] Iraq,[8] Jordan,[9] Kuwait,[10] Morocco,[11] and Sudan;[12] and minor protests have occurred in Mauritania,[13] Oman,[14] Saudi Arabia,[15] Djibouti,[16] Western Sahara,[17] and the Palestinian Authority.

Related events outside of the Arab World included protests in Iranian Khuzestan by the Arab minority in April 2011[18] and border clashes in Israel in May 2011.[19] Weapons and Tuareg fighters returning from the Libyan civil war stoked a simmering conflict in Mali which has been described as “fallout” from the Arab Spring in North Africa.[20] The sectarian clashes in Lebanon were described as a spillover violence of the Syrian uprising and hence the regional Arab Spring.

The protests have shared some techniques of civil resistance in sustained campaigns involving strikes, demonstrations, marches, and rallies, as well as the effective use of social media to organize, communicate, and raise awareness in the face of state attempts at repression and Internet censorship.

Many Arab Spring demonstrations have been met with violent responses from authorities, as well as from pro-government militias and counter-demonstrators. These attacks have been answered with violence from protestors in some cases. A major slogan of the demonstrators in the Arab world has been Ash-sha`b yurid isqat an-nizam (“the people want to bring down the regime”).

Some observers have drawn comparisons between the Arab Spring movements and the Revolutions of 1989 (also known as the “Autumn of Nations”) that swept through Eastern Europe and the Second World, in terms of their scale and significance. Others, however, have pointed out that there are several key differences between the movements, such as the desired outcomes and the organizational role of internet technology in the Arab revolutions.


The term “Arab Spring” is an allusion to the Revolutions of 1848, which is sometimes referred to as “Springtime of the People”, and the Prague Spring in 1968. In the aftermath of the Iraq War it was used by various commentators who anticipated a major Arab movement towards democratization.[39] The first specific use of the term Arab Spring as used to denote these events may have started with the American political journal Foreign PolicyMarc Lynch, referring to his article in Foreign Policy,[41] writes “Arab Spring—a term I may have unintentionally coined in a January 6, 2011 article”.[42] Joseph Massad on Al Jazeera said the term was “part of a US strategy of controlling [the movement’s] aims and goals” and directing it towards American-style liberal democracy.[40] Due to the electoral success of Islamist parties following the protests in many Arab countries, the events have also come to be known as “Islamist Spring” or “Islamist Winter”.



The Arab spring is widely believed to have been instigated by dissatisfaction with the rule of local governments, though some have speculated that wide gaps in income levels may have had a hand as well.[45] Numerous factors have led to the protests, including issues such as dictatorship or absolute monarchyhuman rights violations, political corruption (demonstrated by Wikileaks diplomatic cables),[46] economic decline, unemployment, extreme poverty, and a number of demographic structural factors,[47] such as a large percentage of educated but dissatisfied youth within the population.[48] Also, some – like Slovenian philosopher Slavoj Žižek – name the2009–2010 Iranian election protests as an additional reason behind the Arab Spring.[49] The Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010 might also have been a factor influencing its beginning.[50] Catalysts for the revolts in all Northern African and Persian Gulf countries have included the concentration of wealth in the hands of autocrats in power for decades, insufficient transparency of its redistribution, corruption, and especially the refusal of the youth to accept the status quo.[51] Increasing food prices and global famine rates have also been a significant factor,[52][53] as they involve threats to food security worldwide and prices that approach levels of the 2007–2008 world food price crisis.[54]

In recent decades rising living standards and literacy rates, as well as the increased availability of higher education, have resulted in an improved Human Development Index in the affected countries.[citation needed] The tension between rising aspirations and a lack of government reform may have been a contributing factor in all of the protests.Many of the Internet-savvy youth of these countries have, increasingly over the years, been viewing autocrats and absolute monarchies as anachronisms. An Oman university professor, Al-Najma Zidjaly, referred to this upheaval as youthquake.

Tunisia and Egypt, the first to witness major uprisings, differ from other North African and Middle Eastern nations such as Algeria andLibya in that they lack significant oil revenue, and were thus unable to make concessions to calm the masses.

The relative success of the democratic Republic of Turkey, with its substantially free and vigorously contested but peaceful elections, fast-growing but liberal economy, secular constitution but Islamist government, created a model (the Turkish model) if not a motivation for protestors in neighbouring states.[57] This view, however, has been contested and put into perspective by recent waves of anti-government protests in Turkey.

Recent history

The current wave of protests is not an entirely new phenomenon, resulting in part from the activities of dissident activists as well as members of a variety of social and union organizations that have been active for years in Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt, and other countries in the area, as well as in the territory of Western Sahara.[58]

Revolts have been occurring in the Arab area since the 1800s, but only recently have these revolts been redirected from foreign rulers to the Arab states themselves. The revolution in the summer of 2011 marked the end of the old phase national liberation from colonial rule; now revolutions are inwardly directed at the problems of Arab society.[59]

Tunisia experienced a series of conflicts over the past three years, the most notable occurring in the mining area of Gafsa in 2008, where protests continued for many months. These protests included rallies, sit-ins, and strikes, during which there were two fatalities, an unspecified number of wounded, and dozens of arrests. The Egyptian labor movement had been strong for years, with more than 3,000 labor actions since 2004.[61] One important demonstration was an attempted workers’ strike on 6 April 2008 at the state-run textile factories of al-Mahalla al-Kubra, just outside Cairo. The idea for this type of demonstration spread throughout the country, promoted by computer-literate working class youths and their supporters among middle-class college students.[61] A Facebook page, set up to promote the strike, attracted tens of thousands of followers. The government mobilized to break the strike through infiltration and riot police, and while the regime was somewhat successful in forestalling a strike, dissidents formed the “6 April Committee” of youths and labor activists, which became one of the major forces calling for the anti-Mubarak demonstration on 25 January in Tahrir Square.[61]

In Algeria, discontent had been building for years over a number of issues. In February 2008, United States Ambassador Robert Ford wrote in a leaked diplomatic cable that Algeria is ‘unhappy’ with long-standing political alienation; that social discontent persisted throughout the country, with food strikes occurring almost every week; that there were demonstrations every day somewhere in the country; and that the Algerian government was corrupt and fragile.[62] Some have claimed that during 2010 there were as many as ‘9,700 riots and unrests’ throughout the country.[63] Many protests focused on issues such as education and health care, while others cited rampant corruption.[64]

In Western Sahara, the Gdeim Izik protest camp was erected 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south-east of El Aaiún by a group of young Sahrawis on 9 October 2010. Their intention was to demonstrate against labor discrimination, unemployment, looting of resources, and human rights abuses.[65] The camp contained between 12,000 and 20,000 inhabitants, but on 8 November 2010 it was destroyed and its inhabitants evicted by Moroccan security forces. The security forces faced strong opposition from some young Sahrawi civilians, and rioting soon spread to El Aaiún and other towns within the territory, resulting in an unknown number of injuries and deaths. Violence against Sahrawis in the aftermath of the protests was cited as a reason for renewed protests months later, after the start of the Arab Spring.[66]

The catalyst for the current escalation of protests was the self-immolation of Tunisian Mohamed Bouazizi. Unable to find work and selling fruit at a roadside stand, on 17 December 2010, a municipal inspector confiscated his wares. An hour later he doused himself with gasoline and set himself afire. His death on 4 January 2011[67] brought together various groups dissatisfied with the existing system, including many unemployed, political and human rights activists, labor, trade unionists, students, professors, lawyers, and others to begin the Tunisian revolution.[58]


Main article: Timeline of the Arab Spring

The series of protests and demonstrations across the Middle East and North Africa that commenced in 2010 has become known as the “Arab Spring”,[68][69][70] and sometimes as the “Arab Spring and Winter”,[71] “Arab Awakening”[72][73][74] or “Arab Uprisings” even though not all the participants in the protests are Arab. It was sparked by the first protests that occurred inTunisia on 18 December 2010 in Sidi Bouzid, following Mohamed Bouazizi‘s self-immolation in protest of police corruption and ill treatment. With the success of the protests in Tunisia, awave of unrest sparked by the Tunisian “Burning Man” struck AlgeriaJordanEgypt, and Yemen,[79] then spread to other countries. The largest, most organised demonstrations have often occurred on a “day of rage”, usually Friday afternoon prayers. The protests have also triggered similar unrest outside the region.

As of September 2012, governments have been overthrown in four countries. Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia on 14 January 2011 following the Tunisian revolution protests. In Egypt, President Hosni Mubarak resigned on 11 February 2011 after 18 days of massive protests, ending his 30-year presidency. The Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown on 23 August 2011, after the National Transitional Council (NTC) took control of Bab al-Azizia. He was killed on 20 October 2011, in his hometown of Sirte after the NTC took control of the city. Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh signed the GCC power-transfer deal in which a presidential election was held, resulting in his successor Abd al-Rab Mansur al-Hadi formally replacing him as the president of Yemen on 27 February 2012, in exchange for immunity from prosecution.

During this period of regional unrest, several leaders announced their intentions to step down at the end of their current terms. Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir announced that he would not seek re-election in 2015,[83] as did Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, whose term ends in 2014,[84] although there have been increasingly violent demonstrations demanding his immediate resignation.[85] Protests in Jordan have also caused the sacking of four successive governments[86][87] by King Abdullah.[88] The popular unrest in Kuwait has also resulted in resignation of Prime Minister Nasser Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah cabinet.[89]

The geopolitical implications of the protests have drawn global attention,[90] including the suggestion that some protesters may be nominated for the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize.[91] Tawakel Karman from Yemen was one of the three laureates of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize as a prominent leader in the Arab Spring. In December 2011, Time magazine named “The Protester” its “Person of the Year“.[92] Another award was noted when the Spanish photographer Samuel Aranda won the 2011 World Press Photo award for his image of a Yemeni woman holding an injured family member, taken during the civil uprising in Yemen on 15 October 2011.[93]


Summary of conflicts by country

Country Date started Status of protests Outcome Death toll Situation
 Tunisia 18 December 2010 Government overthrown on 14 January 2011 Overthrow of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali; Ben Ali flees into exile in Saudi Arabia

  • Resignation of Prime Minister Ghannouchi[94]
  • Dissolution of the political police[95]
  • Dissolution of the RCD, the former ruling party of Tunisia and liquidation of its assets[96]
  • Release of political prisoners[97]
  • Elections to a Constituent Assembly on 23 October 2011[98]
338[99] Government overthrown
 Algeria 29 December 2010 Ended in January 2012
  • Lifting of the 19-year-old state of emergency[100][101]
8[102] Major protests
 Jordan 14 January 2011
  • On February 2011, King Abdullah II dismisses Prime Minister Rifai and his cabinet[103]
  • On October 2011, Abdullah dismisses Prime Minister Bakhit and his cabinet after complaints of slow progress on promised reforms[104]
  • On April 2012, as the protests continues, Al-Khasawneh resigned, and the King appoints Fayez al-Tarawneh as the new Prime Minister of Jordan[105]
  • On October 2012, King Abdullah dissolves the parliament for new earlyelections, and appoints Abdullah Ensour as the new Prime Minister of Jordan[106]
3[107] Protests and governmental changes
 Oman 17 January 2011 Ended in May 2011 2–6[113][114][115] Protests and governmental changes
 Egypt 25 January 2011 Government overthrown on 11 February 2011. The replacement Islamist government was ousted by military. Ongoing violence in response to the coup. Overthrow of Hosni Mubarak; Mubarak sentenced to life in prison for ordering the killing of protesters. Protests over the imposition of an Islamist-backed constitution by the Muslim Brotherhood and Mohamed Morsi precipitate acoup d’état by the military.Timeline of events

1,700[61] Government overthrown;Replacement government overthrown
 Yemen 27 January 2011 Government overthrown on 27 February 2012 Overthrow of Ali Abdullah Saleh; Saleh granted immunity from prosecution

2,000[129] Government overthrown
 Djibouti 28 January 2011 Ended in March 2011 2[130] Minor protests
 Somalia 28 January 2011 Ended in June 2012 2[130] Minor protests
 Sudan 30 January 2011 Ongoing
  • President Bashir announces he will not seek another term in 2015[131]
14[132][133][134] Minor protests
 Iraq 23 December 2012 Ongoing
  • Prime Minister Maliki announces that he will not run for a 3rd term;[135]
  • Resignation of provincial governors and local authorities[136]
11[137] Major protests
 Bahrain 14 February 2011 Ongoing
  • Economic concessions by King Hamad[138]
  • Release of political prisoners[139]
  • Negotiations with Shia representatives[140]
  • GCC intervention at the request of the Government of Bahrain
  • Head of the National Security Apparatus removed from post[141]
  • Formation of a committee to implement BICI report recommendations[142]
120[143] Sustained civil disorder and government changes
 Libya 17 February 2011 Government overthrown on 23 August 2011 Overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi; Gaddafi killed by rebel forces

25,000-30,000+[146] Government overthrown
 Kuwait 19 February 2011 0[149] Protests and governmental changes
 Morocco 20 February 2011 Ended in March–April 2012 6[152] Protests and governmental changes
 Mauritania 25 February 2011 Ongoing 3[153] Minor protests
 Lebanon 27 February 2011 Ended in December 2011 0 Protests and governmental changes
 Saudi Arabia 11 March 2011 Ongoing 24[159] Minor protests
 Syria 15 March 2011 Ongoing
  • Release of some political prisoners[160][161]
  • Dismissal of Provincial Governors[162][163]
  • Resignation of the Government[164]
  • End of Emergency Law
  • Resignations from Parliament[165]
  • Large defections from the Syrian army and clashes between soldiers and defectors[166]
  • Formation of the Free Syrian Army
  • The Free Syrian Army takes controls of large swathes of land across Syria.
  • Battles between the Syrian government’s army and the Free Syrian Army in many governorates.
  • Formation of the Syrian National Council[167]
  • Syria suspended from the Arab League
  • Several countries recognize Syrian government in exile
  • Kurdish fighters enter the war by mid-2013
106,000+[168] Ongoing civil war
 Iran 15 April 2011 Ended on 18 April 2011 12 Major protests
 Israel 15 May 2011 Ended on 5 June 2011 12–40[169][170] Major protests
 Palestine 4 September 2012 finished
  • Salam Fayyad states that he is “‘willing to resign”[171]
  • Fayyad ultimately resigns on 13 April 2013.[172]
0 Protests and governmental changes
Total death toll  134,239+
  • 5 Governments overthrown (Egypt twice)
  • 6 Protests & governmental changes
  • 5 Minor protests
  • 4 Major protests
  • 1 Civil disorder and governmental changes
  • 2 Civil wars



Casualties of the Syrian Civil War

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Doctors and medical staff treating injured rebel fighters and civilians in Aleppo

Estimates of deaths in the Syrian Civil War, per opposition activist groups, vary between 95,850[1][2] and 130,435.[3] On 24 July 2013, the United Nations put out an estimate of over 100,000 that had died in the war.[4]

UNICEF reported that over 500 children had been killed by early February 2012.[5][6] Another 400 children have been reportedly arrested and tortured in Syrian prisons.[7][8] Both claims have been contested by the Syrian government.[9] Additionally, over 600 detainees and political prisoners have died under torture.[10] By late December 2013, the opposition activist group Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported the number of children killed in the conflict had risen to 7,014, while at the same time 4,695 women were also killed.[3] According to the UN, 6,561 children were killed by mid-June 2013.[11] The Oxford Research Group said that a total of 11,420 children had been killed in the conflict by late November 2013.[12]



Overall deaths[edit]


Total deaths over the course of the conflict in Syria (18 March 2011 – 18 October 2013)


Weekly deaths over the course of the conflict in Syria (18 March 2011 – 18 October 2013)

The number of fatalities in the conflict, according to the Syrian opposition website Syrian Martyrs, is 92,120, updated to 31 December 2013.[13] The number includes 18,538 rebels, including 289 foreign fighters, but does not include members of the government security forces or pro-government foreign combatants who have died.[14] 736 foreign civilians who have died in the conflict are also included in the toll, most of them, 589, being Palestinians.[15] The Syrian Martyrs number is significantly higher than the ones presented by other organisations, including the UN, one reason being they record deaths even when no name is given for the reportedly killed individual.[16]

Governorate Number of deaths
Latakia 1,008
Rif Dimashq 22,709
Homs 13,345
Hama 6,299
Al-Hasakah 771
Daraa 7,893
Aleppo 15,493
Deir ez-Zor 5,117
Damascus 7,051
Tartus 516
Quneitra 551
Idlib 9,934
As-Suwayda 65
Ar-Raqqah 1,368
Total 92,120

Other estimates range from 95,850 to 130,435. Except for the SNHR figure, which excludes pro-government fighters, all of the following totals include civilians, rebels and security forces:

Source Casualties Time period
France 120,000 killed 15 March 2011 – 23 September 2013
Next Century Foundation 92,497 killed 4 June 2012 – 30 November 2013
Syrian Network for Human Rights 109,736 killed 15 March 2011 – 30 November 2013
Center for Documentation of Violations 95,852 killed 15 March 2011 – 7 January 2014
Syrian Observatory for Human Rights 130,433 killed 15 March 2011 – 30 December 2013

Al Jazeera journalist Nir Rosen reported that many of the deaths reported daily by activists are in fact armed insurgents falsely presented as civilian deaths, but confirmed that real civilian deaths do occur on a regular basis.[25] A number of Middle East political analysts, including those from the Lebanese Al Akhbar newspaper, have also urged caution.

This was later confirmed when in late May 2012, Rami Abdulrahman of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which is one of the opposition-affiliated groups counting the number of those killed in the uprising, stated that civilians who had taken up arms during the conflict were being counted under the category of “civilians”.

In May 2013, SOHR stated that at least 41,000 of those killed during the conflict were Alawites.[32]

The Next Century Foundation offer an alternative analysis of casualty figures. Their calculations are made by using figures from the Center for Documentation of Violations in Syria (VDC), Syrian Shuhada (Syrian Martyrs), Syrian Observatory for Human RightsLocal Coordination Committees of Syria (LCC) and Damascus Centre for Human Rights from June 2012 to the present. Figures for civilian, rebel and government casualties are calculated separately and added together for an overall total.[33]

Combatant deaths[edit]

Government forces[edit]

Pro-government combatants Casualties
Syrian military and police 30,000[34]–32,013[3] killed
Shabiha and National Defense Force 19,729 killed[3]
Lebanese Hezbollah 262 killed[3]
Other non-Syrian Shiite militiamen 286 killed[3]

The Syrian Army fatalities figure also includes at least 37 members of the Palestinian PLA.[35]

The Shabiha and NDF fatalities figure also includes at least 20 Palestinian PFLP–GC members.

The non-Syrian Shiite militiamen fatalities figure includes: 96–160 Iraqi Shia militiamen,[41] 16 Iranian IRGC soldiers, 3 Iranian volunteer fighters[47] and one member of the Lebanese Amal Movement.[48]

Except one death (August 2011),[49] all of the Hezbollah fatalities have occurred since September 2012.[50]

In addition, 1,000 civilian government officials have also been killed.[51] In early December 2013, rebels claimed that a pro-government Russian fighter was killed in fighting in Aleppo.[52]

Opposition forces[edit]

Due to the opposition’s policy of counting rebel fighters that were not defectors as civilians a comprehensive number of rebels killed in the conflict, thus far, has not been ascertained. In late November 2012, the opposition activist group SOHR estimated that at least 10,000 rebels had been killed, but noted the possibility of the figure being higher because the rebels, like the government, were lying about how many of their forces had died to make it look like they were winning.[54] In March 2013, SOHR stated that the actual number of killed rebels and government forces could be double the number they were already able to document.[55]

The following tables provide examples of news reports which identify rebel casualties. The first table shows reports of rebel deaths for the period up to 30 December 2013, and those not included in SOHR’s daily death tolls before and after 30 December 2013. The second table shows day-by-day reports of rebel deaths by SOHR after 30 December 2013.

Date Casualties Detail
15 March 2011 – 30 December 2013 29,083[3]–52,290[56] killed Number also includes Kurdish YPG militiamen and foreign jihadists.[57]
14 April 2013 28 killed 50 were killed during fighting at the Wadi Deif military base,[58] 22 were included in the above total.[59]
16–21 April 2013 123 killed 150 were killed during the battle for Jdeidat al-Fadl,[60] 27 were included in the above total.[61][62]
2 June 2013 14–17 killed Killed after they were ambushed by Hezbollah while trying to launch rockets into Shi’ite areas of the Beqaa Valley.[63]
19 May – 5 June 2013 172–241 killed 431–500 rebels were killed during the Battle of al-Qusayr, 259 were included in the above total.
early June 2013 13 killed A jihadist suicide bomber blew himself up at a rebel command post killing 12 FSA fighters.[64]
4–5 August 2013 47 killed 60 rebels were killed at the start of the Latakia offensive,[65] 13 were included in the above total.
5 August 2013 11 killed 21 rebels were killed during the final assault on Menagh Air Base,[66] 10 were included in the above total.
20 November 2013 26 killed 35 rebels were killed during the final assault on the Kindi hospital in Aleppo,[67] 9 were included in the above total.[68]
21 December 2013 32 killed Killed after they were ambushed by Hezbollah in Wadi al-Jamala while infiltrating Lebanon from Syria.[69]


It should be noted that at least 90 rebel suicide bombers[82] and 86 rebel child soldiers[83] have been killed in the conflict.

Foreigners killed[edit]

Foreign civilians killed[edit]

Country Number of deaths
Palestinians 589[15]–1,597[84]
Iraq 47
Lebanon 41
Jordan 22[15][95]
Turkey 17
Saudi Arabia 14[15]
Somalia 15[95]
Egypt 11[15]
Libya 9[15]
Tunisia 9[15]
France 4[95]
Sudan 4[15]
United Kingdom 4
Afghanistan 3[103]
Australia 2[15]
Kuwait 2[15]
Azerbaijan 1[15]
Belgium 1[15]
Greece 1[15]
Italy 1[104]
Japan 1[15]
Russia 1[15]
Israel 1[15]
United States 1[15]
Yemen 1[15]
Unknown 2[15]

Note: The higher figure of 1,600 Palestinians killed in the conflict includes several dozens of Palestinian combatants from both sides and not just civilians. 700 of the killed Palestinians were residents of the Yarmouk Camp.

Foreign opposition fighters killed[edit]

6,913 foreign opposition fighters have been killed, according to the SOHR. The nationalities of some are as follows: 232 Saudis 145 Libyans, 131-204 Tunisians, 100 Azerbaijanis, 88 Turks, 85-210 Jordanians, 75 Palestinians, 46 Kuwaitis,43 Chechens, 39 Egyptians, 37 Lebanese,24 Moroccans,20 Belgians, 17 Iraqis,16 Dagestanis, 15 Albanians, 13 Afghans, 13 Bosniaks, 12 Algerians, 11 Frenchmen,11 Germans, 9 Danes, 8 Russians, 8 Qataris, 7-22 Britons, 6 Dutch, 6 Australians, 6 Emiratis, 6 Swedes, 5 Bahrainis, 5 Yemenis, 3 Americans, 3 Canadians,3 Irishmen, 3 Pakistanis, 3 Tajiks, 2 Chinese, 2 Italians, 2 Eritreans, 2 Kyrgyz, 2 Mauritanians, 2 Omanis, 2 Somalis, 2 Sudanese, 1 Armenian, 1 Bulgarian, 1 Chadian, 1 Finn, 1 Indonesian, 1 Iranian,1 Israeli-Arab, 1 Romanian, 1 Spaniard and 1 Uzbek.

In another estimate, 9,944 foreign opposition fighters have been killed, according to the Jihadist Salafist Movement in Jordan, with the nationalities being as follows: 1,902 Tunisians, 1,807 Libyans, 1,432 Iraqis, 828 Lebanese, 821 Egyptians, 800 Palestinians, 714 Saudis, 571 Yemenis, 412 Moroccans, 274 Algerians, 210 Jordanians, 91 Omanis, 71 from Kuwaitis, 42 Somalis, 30 Albanians and Caucasians, 21 Bahrainis, 9 Emiratis, 8 Qataris, 3 Sudanese and 1 Mauritanian.

Foreign soldiers killed

25 foreign soldiers have been killed during the conflict.

On 2 March 2013, one Iraqi soldier was killed during clashes between Syrian rebels and government forces at a Syrian-Iraqi border crossing. On 4 March 2013, 13 Iraqi soldiers were killed by unknown gunmen near the border with Syria while they were transporting 65 Syrian soldiers and government officials back to their country after they had retreated to Iraq a few days earlier. 48 of the Syrians were also killed in the attack.[164] On 9 June 2013, Syrian rebels attacked a southern Iraqi border post, killing one Iraqi guard and wounding two. On 14 July 2013, another attack by fighters from the Syrian side of the border left one Iraqi policeman dead and five others wounded.