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List of active separatist movements in Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Afghanistan Afghanistan

Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

  • Ethnic group: Pamiri
    • Proposed state: United Badakhshan Peoples Republic
    • Political parties: Lail Badakhshan

Burma Burma/Myanmar

Arakan

Zo Asia

Kachin

Kawthoolei

Karenni

Kukiland

Mon State

Nagaland

Northern Arakan

Shan States

Wa State

Zogam

China

The  People’s Republic of China and the  Republic of China insist sole legitimacy of China against each other. Practically, the former is administering Mainland China and the two special administrative regions of  Hong Kong and  Macau and the latter is administering the Taiwan area.

Mainland China

Inner Mongolia

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xinjiang

Special administrative regions

Hong Kong

Taiwan area

In perspective of the laws of the Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, but practically, the movement seeks to replace the ROC with the Republic of Taiwan because Taiwan area is the only practical region administered by the ROC.

In perspective of the laws of the People’s Republic of China, the Taiwan indepndence movement is considered as secessionism, too because the PRC considers the Taiwan area as its integral part.

India India

Arunachal Pradesh

Assam

Jammu and Kashmir (occupied/disputed area of the Kashmir valley only)

Manipur

Mizoram

Nagaland

Punjab

Tripura

Tamil Nadu

Indonesia Indonesia

Kalimantan

Minahasa

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

Riau

  • Proposed state: Riau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

West Papua

Iran Iran

Azerbaijan (Iran)

  • Ethnic group: Azerbaijan
    • Proposed state: South Azerbaijan SouthAzerbaijanFlag.gif or  Azerbaijan
    • Political party: CAMAH (South Azerbaijan National Liberation Movement), a Baku-based separatist organisation that advocates for the separation of Iranian Azerbaijan from Iran and unification with the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to them, the predominantly ethnic Persian provinces of Hamadan, Qazvin and Karaj and the whole of the ethnically mixed province of West Azerbaijan are parts of Azerbaijan.[21]

Turkmen Sahra

Khūzestān

 Kurdistan

Balcochistan

Iraq Iraq

See: Minorities in Iraq

Breakaway state:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Purposed states:

 Kurdistan

 Assyria

Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli

Sinjar

Israel Israel

Proposed states:

State of Judea

Occupied territories:

 Palestine

Japan Japan

Hokkaido

Okinawa

Laos Laos

Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Nepal Nepal

Madheshstan

Pakistan Pakistan[edit]

Balochistan [29]

Jammu & Kashmir

Sindh ethnic group sindhi proposed state:Sindhodesh political party:Jeay Sindh Qoami mOvement

 Palestine*

See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

State of Judea

Philippines Philippines

Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic group: Igorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[31]

Russia Russia[edit]

Main article: Secession in Russia

 Sakha Republic

 Siberia (North Asia)

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam

Syria Syria[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Western Kurdistan

Syrian Interim Government

Purposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda

 Assyria

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)

Tajikistan Tajikistan[edit]

Badakhshan

Thailand Thailand[edit]

Flag of Pattani.svg Patani

Turkey Turkey[edit]

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan [38]

Flag of Armenia.svg Western Armenia

Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[edit]

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Vietnam Vietnam[edit]

Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg Champa

Flag of BAJARAKA.svg Tây Nguyên

Flag of KKF.svg Cochinchina

Yemen Yemen[edit]

Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen