List of presidents

 The last 7 Presidents in 42 Years Reveals 7 Headed Beast That Rules 42 Months in Revelation!

Two Presidents Have Died on December 26th

President Took office Left office Party Term
[n 1]
Previous office Vice President
1 George Washington
April 30, 1789
[n 2]
March 4, 1797 n/a[14] 1
Commander-in-Chiefof the Continental Army
John Adams
2 John Adams
March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801
[n 3]
Federalist 3
Vice President Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Jefferson
March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic-
Vice President Aaron Burr
March 4, 1801March 4, 1805
George Clinton[n 4][n 5]
March 4, 1805April 20, 1812
4 James Madison
March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 Democratic-
Secretary of State
Vacant[n 6]
April 20, 1812March 4, 1813
Elbridge Gerry[n 4][n 5]
March 4, 1813November 23, 1814
Vacant[n 6]
November 23, 1814March 4, 1817
5 James Monroe
March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 Democratic-
Secretary of State
Daniel D. Tompkins
6 John Quincy Adams
March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829
[n 3]
Secretary of State
John C. Calhoun[n 7]
March 4, 1825December 28, 1832
7 Andrew Jackson
March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic 11
U.S. Senator from Tennessee
Vacant[n 6]
December 28, 1832March 4, 1833
Martin Van Buren
March 4, 1833March 4, 1837
8 Martin Van Buren
March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841
[n 3]
Democratic 13
Vice President Richard Mentor Johnson
9 William Henry Harrison
March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841
[n 5][n 4]
Whig 14
Minister to Colombia
John Tyler
10 John Tyler
April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 Whig
April 4, 1841September 13, 1841
Vice President
[n 8]
Vacant[n 6]
Independent[n 9]
September 13, 1841March 4, 1845
11 James K. Polk
March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 Democratic 15
Governor of Tennessee
George M. Dallas
12 Zachary Taylor
March 4, 1849 July 9, 1850
[n 5][n 4]
Whig 16
U.S. Army Major generalfrom the 1st Infantry Regiment
Millard Fillmore
13 Millard Fillmore
July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853
[n 10]
Whig Vice President Vacant[n 6]
14 Franklin Pierce
March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 Democratic 17
U.S. Army Brigadier generalfrom the 9th Infantry Regiment
William R. King[n 4][n 5]
March 4, 1853April 18, 1853
Vacant[n 6]
April 18, 1853March 4, 1857
15 James Buchanan
March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Democratic 18
Minister to the United Kingdom
John C. Breckinridge
16 Abraham Lincoln
March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865
[n 5][n 11]
Republican 19
U.S. Representativefrom Illinois
Hannibal Hamlin
March 4, 1861March 4, 1865
National Union[n 12]
Andrew Johnson
March 4, 1865April 15, 1865
17 Andrew Johnson
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Democratic
National Union[n 12]
Independent[n 13]
Vice President Vacant
[n 6]
18 Ulysses S. Grant
March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican 21
Commanding Generalof the U.S. Army
Schuyler Colfax
March 4, 1869March 4, 1873
Henry Wilson[n 4][n 5]
March 4, 1873November 22, 1875
Vacant[n 6]
November 22, 1875March 4, 1877
19 Rutherford B. Hayes
March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Republican 23
Governor of Ohio
(1868–1872, 1876–1877)
William A. Wheeler
20 James A. Garfield
March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881
[n 5][n 11]
Republican 24
U.S. Representative from Ohio
Chester A. Arthur
21 Chester A. Arthur
September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Republican Vice President Vacant[n 6]
22 Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889
[n 3]
Democratic 25
Governor of New York
Thomas A. Hendricks[n 4][n 5]
March 4, 1885November 25, 1885
Vacant[n 6]
November 25, 1885March 4, 1889
23 Benjamin Harrison
March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893
[n 3]
Republican 26
U.S. Senator from Indiana
Levi P. Morton
24 Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic 27
Adlai Stevenson
25 William McKinley
March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901
[n 5][n 11]
Republican 28
Governor of Ohio
Garret Hobart[n 4]
March 4, 1897November 21, 1899
Vacant[n 6]
November 21, 1899March 4, 1901
Theodore Roosevelt
March 4, 1901September 14, 1901
26 Theodore Roosevelt
September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909
[n 10]
Republican Vice President Vacant[n 6]
September 14, 1901March 4, 1905
Charles W. Fairbanks
March 4, 1905March 4, 1909
27 William Howard Taft
March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913
[n 3]
Republican 31
Secretary of War
James S. Sherman[n 4][n 5]
March 4, 1909October 30, 1912
Vacant[n 6]
October 30, 1912March 4, 1913
28 Woodrow Wilson
March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic 32
Governor of New Jersey
Thomas R. Marshall
29 Warren G. Harding
March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923
[n 5][n 4]
Republican 34
U.S. Senator from Ohio
Calvin Coolidge
30 Calvin Coolidge
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 Republican Vice President Vacant[n 6]
August 2, 1923March 4, 1925
Charles G. Dawes
March 4, 1925March 4, 1929
31 Herbert Hoover
March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933
[n 3]
Republican 36
Secretary of Commerce
Charles Curtis
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt
March 4, 1933 April 12, 1945
[n 5][n 4]
Democratic 37
[n 14]
Governor of New York
John Nance Garner
March 4, 1933January 20, 1941
Henry A. Wallace
January 20, 1941January 20, 1945
Harry S. Truman
January 20, 1945April 12, 1945
33 Harry S. Truman
April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic Vice President Vacant[n 6]
April 12, 1945January 20, 1949
Alben W. Barkley
January 20, 1949January 20, 1953
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower
January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961
[n 15]
Republican 42
Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Richard Nixon
35 John F. Kennedy
January 20, 1961 November 22, 1963
[n 5][n 11]
Democratic 44
U.S. Senatorfrom Massachusetts
Lyndon B. Johnson
36 Lyndon B. Johnson
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Democratic Vice President Vacant[n 6]
November 22, 1963January 20, 1965
Hubert Humphrey
January 20, 1965January 20, 1969
37 Richard Nixon
January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974
[n 7]
Republican 46
Vice President
Spiro Agnew[n 7]
January 20, 1969October 10, 1973
Vacant[n 6]
October 10, 1973December 6, 1973
Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973August 9, 1974
38 Gerald Ford
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977
[n 16]
Republican Vice President Vacant[n 6]
August 9, 1974December 19, 1974
Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974January 20, 1977
39 Jimmy Carter
(born 1924)
January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981
[n 3]
Democratic 48
Governor of Georgia
Walter Mondale
40 Ronald Reagan
January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican 49
Governor of California
George H. W. Bush
41 George H. W. Bush
(born 1924)
January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993
[n 3]
Republican 51
Vice President Dan Quayle
42 Bill Clinton
(born 1946)
January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 Democratic 52
Governor of Arkansas
(1979–1981, 1983–1992)
Al Gore
43 George W. Bush
(born 1946)
January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 Republican 54
Governor of Texas
Dick Cheney
44 Barack Obama
(born 1961)
January 20, 2009 Incumbent Democratic 56
U.S. Senator from Illinois
Joe Biden

Living former presidents

As of January 2015, there are four living former presidents:

President Term of office Date of birth
Jimmy Carter 1977–1981 October 1, 1924 (age 90)
George H. W. Bush 1989–1993 June 12, 1924 (age 90)
Bill Clinton 1993–2001 August 19, 1946 (age 68)
George W. Bush 2001–2009 July 6, 1946 (age 68)

E Clampus Vitus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


First incarnation

The early history of the organization is unclear. Historian Lois Rather suggests that the order came originally from the Southern states before the being carried over to California during the Gold Rush. The Sons of Malta, a fraternal society given to pranks and parody initiation rites, has been sometimes cited as an influence even though the Sons of Malta do not seem to have existed until 1854 (though ECV may have inspired the Sons of Malta, as there were many disappointed by the California gold rush who returned East). Others maintain that the group is a native Californian institution, founded by one Joseph H. Zumwalt in Mokelumne Hill. Both legend and scholars agree that the group was founded in 1849.[1]

The original purpose of the order appears to have been to initiate new members. When a stranger came to town Clampers would inform him that to do business in the town it was essential to join the local secret society. The initiate rite was a parody of Freemasonic, Oddfellow and other orders, and took many forms, including rowing the initiate down a wheelbarrow, hoisting him into the air and leaving him there, or dropping him in a vat of water. Afterwards the initiate had to buy the other members a round of drinks.[2]

The organizations leader was known as a Supreme Grand Humbug, a title carried over into the later incarnation, and other “officials” included the Clampatriach. Ephraim Bee, an early leader of the group, was styled Grand Gyascutis and later the Grand Lama. A move to greater seriousness was shown during the Civil War, when the Order changed its parade day from the first Sunday after the snows to the Fourth of July.[3]

The history of E Clampus Vitus is steeped in mythology. Members claim that the organization was brought to the United States in 1845 in Lewisport, Virginia, now West Union, West Virginia, when inn and stable owner Ephraim Bee was given a commission from the Emperor of China to “extend the work and influence of the Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus.”

Bee claimed to have received his commission from Caleb Cushing, the American Commissoner to China. A monument to Bee in West Union now stands on the site of the old “Beehive” Inn along the North Bend Rail-Trail; the original “Bee Hive” was destroyed in a flood in the late 1800s.

At the age of 60, Bee was a Captain of the Doddridge County Militia, which protected the area from roving Confederate forces, horse thieves & outlaws. The Militia also had a part in the Underground Railroad in Doddridge County. They were hidden in hidden cellars of homes and also in Jaco Cave. Ephraim Bee played his greatest joke on his local West Virginian neighbors. Occasionally, the entire town was invited to a great party. After the Civil War, it was discovered that Jaco Cave was a holding area for the runaway slaves. When the cave was full, E. Bee gave a party to keep all busy while that group of people were moved further north to the next stop.

CEO of ECV Chapter .75 and founder of the Elephant Temperance Society exhibits a prime example of ECV regalia.

Bee felt that an organization was needed which was less exclusive than the other organizations of the day, such as the Masons, Elks andOdd Fellows. In addition, nativism was rising in the United States, as evidenced by such political organizations as the Know-Nothing Party. Bee opened membership in ECV to any “upstanding” man who had come of age. It is known that there were E Clampus Vitus chapters in Bedford, Pennsylvania; Metropolis, Illinois; Bowling Green, Missouri; and Dahlonega, Georgia. (It has been rumored that ECV brethren within the U.S. Army even attempted to bring the order as far south as Mexico City following the Mexican-American War as a gesture of brotherhood and reconciliation, but all record has vanished of the well-intentioned Chapultepec chapter.)

Chairman Moe of the Salt of the Scum of the Earth models an upright yet casual ECV look of red and black.

The organization is said to have been taken to California by an ECV member named Joe Zumwalt, who first heard of it in Missouri. Zumwalt opened an ECV lodge inMokelumne Hill in 1851, when Mokelumne Hill Lodge No. 1001 was established. There are arguments that previous lodges had been founded in Hangtown, Downieville andSierra City, but none of those became permanent.

ECV flourished, in part, as the result of the miners’ reaction to the “established” organizations such as the Masons and Odd Fellows. Those groups had come to the mining country prior to ECV, and when ECV appeared, the older, more established groups looked down upon the more rowdy nature of E Clampus Vitus. ECV, on the other hand, made fun of the stuffed shirts of the Masons: they made great fun of the sashes and ceremonial attire of the “upscale” fraternities, and began dressing in red shirts and pinning on badges made of cut-out tin can lids. This practice, called “wearing the tin,” continues to this day, although the badges are frequently professionally made. Members commonly dress in a red shirt, black hat and Levi’s jeans. ECV titles reflected the tongue-in-cheek nature of the organization. Officials were called “Noble Grand Humbug,” “Roisterous Iscutis,” “Grand Imperturbable Hangman,” “Clamps Vitrix,” and “Royal Gyascutis.” All members are officers and all officers, the organization professes, are of equal indignity.

Clamper meetings were held in the Hall of Comparative Ovations, generally the back room of a saloon. Some chapters even built their own Halls of Comparative Ovations. One still stands in Murphys. The Clamper flag was a hoop skirt, with the words “This is the flag we fight under.” Meetings were held “at any time before or after a full moon.” New members were called “Poor Blind Candidates.” They were required to present a poke of gold dust, although the value of the poke was left to the discretion of the brotherhood, and was frequently waived entirely if the prospective member could not afford it.

Despite the humor and rowdiness of E Clampus Vitus, the members do take their brotherhood seriously. When a member became sick or injured, the group would collect food or money to help him. They frequently trekked through the vastness of the Sierra Nevada to reach lonely miners who otherwise would have had no Christmas celebration. The society was also careful to assist the widows and orphans of fallen members.

Wayward Clampers showing their colors, tin and chapter affiliation. It is not uncommon for clampers to share the good news of ECV while traveling which has led to growth throughout its history.

At the ECV’s peak, around 1870, so many miners were members that many mining camps shut down during ECV celebrations (some mining towns had two chapters). At one point, Lord Sholto Douglas, a British peer leading a troupe of actors in Marysville, was so downheartened by the lack of ticket sales that he had determined to leave town. When a local Clamper found out that the troupe was having trouble, Lord Douglas was immediately initiated into ECV, and the brothers bought enough tickets to fill the local theater. A 20th century chapter of the ECV was named for Lord Douglas LSD in honor of this event. Mark Twain was a member, and it was while attending an ECV meeting that he heard the story which he wrote as The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County.

Members of note included Adam, the first “Clampatriarch”; Philip D. Armour, the meat packer; John Mohler Studebaker, the automobile manufacturer; Gene Autry “The Singing Cowboy” and owner of the California Angels baseball team; and John Hume, a California state assemblyman. ECV also claims Ulysses S. Grant, J. Pierpont Morgan, Horace Greeley, and Horatio Alger as members, but claims have also been made to Solomon, Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar, Henry VIII of England, Sir Francis Drake, George Washington, Andrew Jackson, Ronald Reagan, and of course, His Imperial Majesty Joshua A. Norton, “Emperor of these United States and Protector of Mexico”. These fanciful claims show ECV’s propensity for not taking much of anything particularly seriously, least of all itself.

There is evidence to support the ECV claim to Ulysses S. Grant. One of the early capitals of California was Benicia. At the close of the War with Mexico, Lt. William Tecumseh Sherman was Adjutant to Col. Richard Barnes Mason at the time of the gold discovery at Sutter’s Mill. Upon Sherman’s retirement in 1853, his replacement at the Benicia Arsenal was Lt. Ulysses S. Grant, who spent 30 days in the Arsenal Guardhouse for being drunk on duty and firing his cannons at the Martinez shoreline. Considering Benicia’s position as the major inland Army post and transport hub to the valley, both Grant’s and the Brotherhood’s affinity for strong drink and the early spread of the Brotherhood through Northern California, it is entirely possible that Grant was inducted into the Organization.


Early afternoon ECV colloquium focused on the lasting effects of Byzantine and Medieval history on the Santa Margarita Ranch and environs

The original E Clampus Vitus disappeared after the Civil War. A “second era” version of the organization was formed in 1930 by attorney Carl Irving Wheat. The new incarnation of ECV is more serious than its predecessor, as an historical society as well as a mirth making club. ECV historical plaque are found on many buildings around California.[4]

The drinking and revelry aspects were not entirely abandoned however, with one man accidentally shot dead during a drunken party inColumbia in 1967.[5]

As the mining industry faded towards the end of the 19th century, ECV started to fade as well. It was revitalized in 1931 by San Franciscohistorian Carl Wheat and his friends G. Ezra Dane and Leon O. Whitsell. They were contacted by one of the last surviving members of the original ECV, who passed on all that he could remember of the organization’s rites and legends. The three founded a new chapter, Yerba Buena Number 1, or the “Capitulus Redivivus.” Wheat described E Clampus Vitus as “the comic strip on the page of California history.”

New chapters sprang up in Los Angeles (Platrix Chapter #2) and other major cities in California, and were numbered sequentially. However, once Lodge 10 was established in 1936, members pointed out that it was illogical for such a rowdy organization to be so neat in its numbering scheme, and so some creativity was developed in the numbering. The “Pair-o-Dice” chapter in Paradise, for example, is Lodge No. 7-11. The de la Guerra y Pacheco chapter, halfway between Lodge Number 1 in San Francisco and Lodge Number 2 in Los Angeles, is Lodge Number 1.5. There were chapters in British Columbia andHawaii, but they no longer exist.

In 1936 a plaque appeared in Northern California purporting to have been made by Sir Francis Drake during his voyage of discovery in which it was stated that he had claimed all of California for England, and that he had the authority of the claim by having been ceded the land by the local Miwok Indians. The man who was chief of the Miwoks in 1937, William Fuller, was a member of E Clampus Vitus. During an ECV meeting, he revoked the cession of land to England, and ceded it all to the United States government. The so-called Drake’s Plate of Brass was accepted as authentic for forty years, yet was in actuality a hoax initiated by Dane that got out of control. It is now thought that the Fuller ceremony was part of an effort for the perpetrators to tip off the plate’s finders as to its true origins.

The current ECV[edit]

A clampout at sunset. Clampsite location is China Harbor on the Pacific Coast near Cayucos, California.

A plaque placed by E Clampus Vitus in San Francisco, California.

Plaque commemorating the Star of India as a California landmark

In 1991 there were 50,000 Clampers in 62 lodges.[6]

There are currently 43 ECV chapters in California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona/New Mexico and Colorado, and as well as an offshore chapter (the Floating Whang chapter), an online chapter (the Cyber Whang chapter), and 2 more proposed chapters.

Al Packer Chapter 100 in Colorado was chartered in 2000 — the year 6005 on ECV’s idiosyncratic calendar. This chapter has four encampments statewide for members to get together and socialize.

Doc Maynard Chapter #54-40 in Washington State was chartered in 2006, the year 6011 in Clamper years, signifying the first Chapter in the Pacific Northwest.

Snake River Chapter #1811 (Idaho) and Umpqua Joe Chapter #1859 (Oregon) are the most recently chartered, changing their status from “Outpost” to “Chapter” in May 2010, the year 6015 in Clamper years.

The organization has raised historical plaques in many places throughout the West (often those sites such as bordellos and saloons overlooked by more traditional historical societies), with a traditional “doin’s,” or party, after each plaque dedication. These are now common in historical areas around California and the West — when in the Gold Country, a Clamper-placed plaque is never far away. In 1999, a plaque was placed on the Star of India, the oldest iron-hulled merchant ship afloat, by the State Department of Parks and Recreation in cooperation with the Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus John P. Squibob Chapter 1853. In 2006, Platrix Chapter #2 erected a plaque commemorating the 50th Anniversary of “Godzilla, King of the Monsters” at the former studio site where Raymond Burr’s insert scenes were filmed by director Terry Morse in 1956. The plaque is at the entrance of the Frank del Olmo Elementary School, the current occupant of the site. The current Modesto regional leader is a man named Jacob K Couch, who has once again led the group to surprising new results. A national icon, Golden Gate Bridge, was dedicated in June 2010 by the Mother Lodge Yerba Buena #1 Capitulus Redivivus.

On February 19, 2009 the Nevada Assembly agreed to make the 19 “Clamper Day” the motion has not yet been passed by the state senate.


By tradition, a man can only become a Clamper by invitation. However, one can express his desire to join. Initiation rites are sometimes spur-of-the-moment, such as forcing a blindfolded candidate to be lifted into the air by a block and tackle. Other times, the blindfolded initiate is seated upon a wet sponge in a wheelbarrow, and taken upon the “Rocky Road to Dublin” (a ladder lying on the ground). The initiations are secret and vary greatly in execution and severity. Afterward, everyone toasts the new member with drink. Once enlightened, a brother is a brother for life.

Artistic efforts to advertise and promote one’s chapter are quite common at most clampouts and other ECV doins.

Further r