china

CHINA tightens the noose around Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang

UnknownThe capital of China’s Muslim-dominated western region of Xinjiang has introduced a law banning Muslim veiled robes in public amid measures taken by Beijing to curb Muslim ‘extremists.’ The law in the predominantly Muslim region comes as Beijing intensifies a campaign against ‘religious extremism’ that it blames for the violence that has left hundreds dead in the past 20 months.

From last month: china-bans-all-muslim-prayer-meetings-and-islamic-religious-practices-in-government-buildings-schools-and-business-offices-in-xinjiang

original

UyghurAmerican   “This fits into the larger pattern, keeping up with the trend in the past five years that has really intensified in the last year by the government to try to forcibly reshape and standardize the type of garment among the Uighur females,” said James Leibold, a scholar of ethnic policies at Australia’s La Trobe University. “It polarizes the tensions even further, and you get violent push-back,” Leibold said, noting that acts of unveiling Uighur women have been met with resistance in Xinjiang.

In August, the northern Xinjiang city of Karamay announced that young men with beards and women in burqas or hijabs would not be allowed on public buses. In another public campaign called “Project Beauty,” authorities have banned veils and masks that cover up a woman’s face.

Kashi-Kaxgar-all-women-should-remove-veil-in-civilized-society

Uighur women also are requested to tie headscarves behind their ears, instead of wrapping them around their chins, a custom authorities say is not indigenous to Uighur cultures. Police also have raided women’s dress shops in Xinjiang and confiscated full-length robes.

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The government is rightly suspicious of Islam, and has tried to discourage traditional Muslim practice in the Xinjiang autonomous region. The government also banned prayer meetings and other religious practices in government buildings, schools and business offices. Religious activities will now be restricted only to take place in registered venues like mosques. The bans went into effect as of Jan. 1.

xinjiang-mosque

Chinese government is known for its oppression of Muslims. In September, an outspoken scholar who championed China’s Uighur Muslim minority was convicted of separatism by a Chinese court and sentenced to life in prison, according to the scholar’s lawyers. Rights groups have condemned the targeting of Tohti, a respected economist and moderate who had long denounced the repression of Uighur Muslims.

Doctors attend to victims of  Muslim jihadist terror attack in China

Violence linked to Xinjiang has intensified over the past year, with at least 200 people killed in a series of clashes and increasingly sophisticated attacks in the resource-rich region and beyond it. Beijing, which blames Xinjiang-related violence on “Muslim religious extremists”, “separatists” and “terrorists”, has responded to the current series of incidents by launching a severe crackdown in recent months, with hundreds of arrests and around 50 death sentences handed down.

Chinese victims of recent Uighur Muslim terrorist attack on train station

Xinjiang is home to the Turkic-speaking Uighur minority Muslims, who have complained of China’s repressive rule and economic disenfranchisement under a government dominated by the majority Han Chinese. Muslims make up about 1.8 percent of the Chinese population. In Xinjiang, non-Muslim ethnic Han Chinese account for 41 percent of the region’s population.

NOPE, not gonna happen. The world is done helping you muslims every time your anti-social and violent behavior turn the native population against you

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List of active separatist movements in Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Afghanistan Afghanistan

Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

  • Ethnic group: Pamiri
    • Proposed state: United Badakhshan Peoples Republic
    • Political parties: Lail Badakhshan

Burma Burma/Myanmar

Arakan

Zo Asia

Kachin

Kawthoolei

Karenni

Kukiland

Mon State

Nagaland

Northern Arakan

Shan States

Wa State

Zogam

China

The  People’s Republic of China and the  Republic of China insist sole legitimacy of China against each other. Practically, the former is administering Mainland China and the two special administrative regions of  Hong Kong and  Macau and the latter is administering the Taiwan area.

Mainland China

Inner Mongolia

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xinjiang

Special administrative regions

Hong Kong

Taiwan area

In perspective of the laws of the Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, but practically, the movement seeks to replace the ROC with the Republic of Taiwan because Taiwan area is the only practical region administered by the ROC.

In perspective of the laws of the People’s Republic of China, the Taiwan indepndence movement is considered as secessionism, too because the PRC considers the Taiwan area as its integral part.

India India

Arunachal Pradesh

Assam

Jammu and Kashmir (occupied/disputed area of the Kashmir valley only)

Manipur

Mizoram

Nagaland

Punjab

Tripura

Tamil Nadu

Indonesia Indonesia

Kalimantan

Minahasa

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

Riau

  • Proposed state: Riau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

West Papua

Iran Iran

Azerbaijan (Iran)

  • Ethnic group: Azerbaijan
    • Proposed state: South Azerbaijan SouthAzerbaijanFlag.gif or  Azerbaijan
    • Political party: CAMAH (South Azerbaijan National Liberation Movement), a Baku-based separatist organisation that advocates for the separation of Iranian Azerbaijan from Iran and unification with the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to them, the predominantly ethnic Persian provinces of Hamadan, Qazvin and Karaj and the whole of the ethnically mixed province of West Azerbaijan are parts of Azerbaijan.[21]

Turkmen Sahra

Khūzestān

 Kurdistan

Balcochistan

Iraq Iraq

See: Minorities in Iraq

Breakaway state:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Purposed states:

 Kurdistan

 Assyria

Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli

Sinjar

Israel Israel

Proposed states:

State of Judea

Occupied territories:

 Palestine

Japan Japan

Hokkaido

Okinawa

Laos Laos

Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Nepal Nepal

Madheshstan

Pakistan Pakistan[edit]

Balochistan [29]

Jammu & Kashmir

Sindh ethnic group sindhi proposed state:Sindhodesh political party:Jeay Sindh Qoami mOvement

 Palestine*

See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

State of Judea

Philippines Philippines

Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic group: Igorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[31]

Russia Russia[edit]

Main article: Secession in Russia

 Sakha Republic

 Siberia (North Asia)

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam

Syria Syria[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Western Kurdistan

Syrian Interim Government

Purposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda

 Assyria

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)

Tajikistan Tajikistan[edit]

Badakhshan

Thailand Thailand[edit]

Flag of Pattani.svg Patani

Turkey Turkey[edit]

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan [38]

Flag of Armenia.svg Western Armenia

Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[edit]

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Vietnam Vietnam[edit]

Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg Champa

Flag of BAJARAKA.svg Tây Nguyên

Flag of KKF.svg Cochinchina

Yemen Yemen[edit]

Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

CHINA COUNTERTERRORISM 101: Why China has less trouble from Muslim terrorists than most of the world

BvSP6zBIAAA_bG9.jpg-large

There are more than 15 million Uighur Muslims in China, the majority residing in the province of Xinjiang. Uighurs have been unsuccessful in their attempts to carve out a separate Islamic state for themselves in Xiinjiang, causing them to step up their terrorist attacks against civilians. But unlike the West, China doesn’t treat Islamic terrorism with kid gloves.

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Stars&Stripes (h/t Henry P)  When attackers from China’s minority Uighurs killed 37 people in a July rampage in far western Xinjiang, police responded by gunning down at least 59 of them. When three Uighurs allegedly killed a top state-appointed Muslim cleric, police shot dead two of them. When security forces led a raid on 10 suspected Uighur terrorists, they fatally shot all but one.

The incidents are part of a pattern raising concerns that Chinese police are excessively using deadly force in their bid to prevent more attacks by Uighur militants, who have killed dozens of civilians in train stations and other public places over the past few years. In some cities, patrolling SWAT units have already been authorized to shoot dead suspected terrorists without warning.

china_terrorattack

An Associated Press review of articles by China’s official Xinhua News Agency and other state media has found that at least 323 people have died in Xinjiang-related violence since April last year, when the unrest began to escalate. Nearly half of those deaths were inflicted by police — in most cases, by gunning down alleged perpetrators who are usually reported as having been armed with knives, axes and, occasionally, vaguely-defined explosives.

Beijing’s tight controls and monopoly on the narrative make it difficult to independently assess if the lethal action has been justified. And Chinese authorities prevent most reporting by foreign journalists inside Xinjiang, making it nearly impossible to confirm the state media numbers. Uighur exile groups and the U.S.-government funded broadcaster Radio Free Asia report far more violent incidents than Chinese state media do, and in some cases, higher death tolls and police shootings of Uighur protesters. But those reports are similarly hard to verify.

Xinjiang_uighur_unrest_AFP_030814

To understand just how tough it can be to determine whether China’s hand is being forced — or whether officials are recklessly lashing out at those who resist them — consider this recent series of confrontations in Xinjiang: On Aug. 1, police cornered a group of alleged terrorists in an abandoned house and shot nine of them dead, arresting one. In June, police gunned down 13 “mobsters” who allegedly attacked a local police station. In April, checkpoint police fatally shot a teenage Uighur motorcyclist after he allegedly attempted to grab their guns.

In many cases, the government’s accounts of violence are wildly divergent from overseas reports. Of the June incident, Uighur exiles said Uighur residents were simply protesting outside the police station when police fired at them and their truck, setting off a fire. In the teenager’s case, RFA reported that he had been shot after running a red light.

662285-a-uighur-man-looks-on-as-a-truck-carrying-paramilitary-policemen-travel-along-a-street-during-an-ant

Who’s to say what really happened? Xinjiang authorities operate with a “deeply disturbing” lack of accountability, said Sophie Richardson, China director at Human Rights Watch. “If the use of force is justified, the Chinese government should be allowing independent, credible experts to review the evidence,” she said. “It should be making that evidence public.”

Experts in policing, terrorism and human rights, meanwhile, point to several aspects of the authorities’ crackdown that make it all too easy for security forces to open fire unnecessarily. China doesn’t have comprehensive laws defining terrorism and how authorities should respond. The Chinese leaders’ use of war-like rhetoric risks inflaming patriotic fervor instead of clear-headed rationality in the security forces. Above all, the ongoing “strike hard” campaign prioritizes tough, swift action over legal protections.

china-unrest-xinjiang

“Under the terms of the ‘strike hard’ campaign, they can dispense with the usual considerations about legality,” said Willy Lam, an expert on Chinese politics at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. “They don’t have scruples about shooting to kill suspects and they appear to be using disproportionately heavy force and firepower.”

The trend has alarmed overseas Uighur activists, who say many innocent Uighurs may have been killed. “The use of force by the Chinese security against Uighurs is really like it’s against foreign enemies,” said Alim Seytoff, President of the Uyghur American Association in Washington, D.C. “The extrajudicial use of lethal force is rampant.”

uyghur

Though the death tally culled from state media is virtually impossible to independently confirm, and some foreign media have cited higher tolls, the figures still provide a sketch of the human cost of the unrest that has rocked the region over the past 17 months. The ruling Communist Party leader Xi Jinping, head of the new national security commission, has staked his political prestige on stemming the turbulence — but it has been challenging.

“They have been a lot more aggressive in using military-grade equipment to combat the terrorists and underground groups, and also summary executions,” said Lam, the Hong Kong-based analyst. “I think the major reason is that Xi Jinping thinks that unless they use extraordinary or draconian methods, they cannot solve the problem quickly.”

chinese-police-attack-muslim-sisters

Elsewhere in China, police rarely use firearms to quell violence or mass unrest, preferring to deploy tear gas, water cannons and riot police with truncheons and shields. Although the anti-terror campaign is being carried out by SWAT and paramilitary police, the operation more closely resembles war than policing. “It’s exactly the opposite of a criminal case. In a criminal case, we say we only get the guy if they’re guilty. Otherwise, if there’s a slight bit of doubt, let them go,” said Professor Kam C. Wong, an expert on Chinese police at Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio. “In the case of terrorists, even when in doubt, we will get them.”

“In China, terrorists are to be treated as a contradiction between enemies and not contradictions amongst the people. They are afforded very few protections under the law,” Wong said. In that sense, China’s counterterrorism effort bears similarities to the United States’ anti-terror practices post-9/11, including assertions that deadly military force against terrorists— even if U.S. citizens — might outweigh their constitutional rights, he said.

Ethnic Uygur women grab a riot policemen

Xi has cast the campaign in patriotic, militaristic terms, in one instance evoking the memory of a Ming-era Chinese military leader who fought Japanese pirates. “Sweat more in peacetime so you will bleed less in wartime,” Xi said in a pep talk to Xinjiang police during a high-profile April tour.

Special police units in cities such as Beijing and Guangzhou have recently been authorized to fire without warning at suspected terrorists engaged in violence. The eastern city of Xiamen and the province of Jiangsu went a step further — saying SWAT officers were allowed to shoot dead such alleged perpetrators. The government hasn’t specified how threats are to be assessed.

Kashi-Kaxgar-all-women-should-remove-veil-in-civilized-society

A city in China’s mainly Muslim Xinjiang region has banned people with large beards, head scarfs and veils from travelling on public buses

Xi has called for a “people’s war” — an effort to mobilize the public to act as informants, with rewards in some instances. But without a counterterrorism law in place, “and with emotions running high, the people would act like vigilantes,” said Wong.

Public information tends to be based on personal prejudice, racial profiling and ethnic animosities, making it unreliable and of dubious use, with innocent people likely to be implicated, Wong added.

'Free the Uighurs' actually means  China should cave to Muslim demands for a separate Islamic state

Part of the problem might be Xi’s choice of words, saying he wants terrorists to be like “rats scurrying across the street, chased by all the people.” “They’re using rhetoric that’s very dehumanizing toward people,” said William Nee, Amnesty International’s China researcher. “It encourages an atmosphere in which excessive use of force is condoned.”

Catching terror suspects alive is a better approach anyway, because then you can interrogate them, said Raffaello Pantucci, a London-based terrorism researcher at the Royal United Services Institute, a defense think tank. “You can find out who their networks are, you can find out more information and you can then investigate that.”

(On the other hand, killing them means they won’t be breeding any more potential terrorists)

yihadistas-chinos-

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