From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2014 Pacific typhoon season
|Season summary map|
|First system formed||January 10, 2014|
|Last system dissipated||Currently active|
|Strongest storm||Faxai – 975 hPa (mbar), 120 km/h (75 mph) (10-minute sustained)|
|Total fatalities||76 total|
|Total damage||$12.5 million (2014 USD)|
|Pacific typhoon seasons 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016|
The 2014 Pacific typhoon season is an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation, in which tropical cyclones form in the western Pacific Ocean. The season will run throughout 2014, though most tropical cyclones typically develop between May and October. The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean to the north of the equator between 100°E and 180th meridian. Within the northwestern Pacific Ocean, there are two separate agencies that assign names to tropical cyclones which can often result in a cyclone having two names. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) will name a tropical cyclone should it be judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of at least 65 km/h (40 mph) anywhere in the basin, whilst the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N–25°N regardless of whether or not a tropical cyclone has already been given a name by the JMA. Tropical depressions that are monitored by the United States’ Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) are given a number with a “W” suffix.
|Date||Tropical storms||Total Typhoons||Intense TCs||ACE Index||Ref|
|Date||Forecast Center||Tropical storms||Total Typhoons||Ref|
During each season, several national meteorological services and scientific agencies forecast how many tropical cyclones, tropical storms, and typhoons will form during a season and/or how many tropical cyclones will affect a particular country.These agencies include the Tropical Storm Risk (TSR)Consortium of the University College London, Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and the Taiwan’s Central Weather Bureau. During October 2013, the VNCHMF predicted that one to two tropical cyclones would develop and possibly affect Vietnam between November 2013 and April 2014.
Tropical Storm Lingling (Agaton)
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||January 15 – January 20|
|Peak intensity||65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 1002 mbar (hPa)|
A tropical disturbance formed on January 3, 2014. The system strengthened into a tropical depression on January 10. The storm weakened on January 12. On January 14, it became a tropical depression which formed near the northeastern coast of Mindanao,Philippines. The PAGASA then named the system Agaton early on January 17. The next day, its circulation became a bit exposed as it intensifies into a tropical storm by the JMA, naming it Lingling. The JTWC upgraded it to a tropical depression, giving the designation 01W later that day. The storm reached its peak intensity at noon of January 18, before the JTWC issued its final advisory late on January 19. Early on January 20, Lingling was rapidly downgraded to a tropical disturbance, before its remnants was been absorbed by a cold front on January 23. Floods and landslides killed 70 people in the Philippines. In post analysis, the JMA considered Lingling and the first depression to be separate storm, in February 2014.
Tropical Storm Kajiki (Basyang)
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||January 29 – February 1|
|Peak intensity||65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 1000 mbar (hPa)|
Late in January 2014, the JMA reported that another tropical depression had formed east of Yap.  Due to warm waters, the system organized and strengthened into Tropical Depression 02W by the JTWC on January 30. The next day, both the JMA and PAGASA started to upgraded it to a tropical storm, naming it Kajiki by the JMA and Basyang by the PAGASA. The JTWC upgraded this storm to a tropical storm later that day, as it slowly intensifies with convection. According to PAGASA the storm made landfall over Siargao Island on January 31. Due to the unfavorable conditions in the South China Sea, Kajiki dissipated late on February 1.
|Category 1 typhoon (SSHS)|
|Duration||February 27 – March 6|
|Peak intensity||120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min) 975 mbar (hPa)|
Late on February 15, a tropical disturbance was spotted near Chuuk, near the equator and was later designated as Invest 93W. The disturbance was moving slowly in an area of high vertical wind shear, therefore, it was not able to organize properly. Upon moving in an area of lower vertical wind shear, the storm was able to consolidate and organize. On February 26, the disturbance was upgraded to tropical depression status by the Japan Meteorological Agency and was given a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The following day, it was upgraded by the JTWC to a tropical depression and designated as 03W. Several hours later, the JMA upgraded the system into a tropical storm and named it Faxai. Faxai started rapidly intensifying info a severe tropical storm, then a typhoon for a short period of time. The system became extratropical on March 6, before and fully dissipating several kilometers southeast of Japan, late on March 8.
Tropical Depression 04W (Caloy)
|Tropical depression (JMA)|
|Tropical depression (SSHS)|
|Duration||March 18 – March 24|
|Peak intensity||<55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1004 mbar (hPa)|
On March 12, a tropical disturbance formed near southeast ofGuam. Early on March 18, the JMA reported that it intensified to a tropical depression, which had developed about 395 km (245 mi) east-northeast of Koror, Palau. On the next few days, the system became more organised and it was named Caloy by PAGASA on March 21. Late on March 22, the system was designated as 04W by the JTWC. Due to less convection and land reaction on March 24, the system was downgraded to a disturbance and dissipated later that day. The remnants continued to move westward towards the South China Sea, before dissipating completely to the southwest of Vietnam on March 27.
Tropical Storm Peipah (Domeng)
|Tropical storm (JMA)|
|Tropical storm (SSHS)|
|Duration||April 2 – April 15|
|Peak intensity||65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 998 mbar (hPa)|
On March 30, a cluster of thunderstorms formed near the equator andPapua New Guinea. The large cluster separated into Tropical Cyclone Ita and a tropical disturbance. It intensified into a tropical depression on April 2 and strengthened into 05W by the JTWC the next day. The next day, convection built up and the system and intensified into a tropical storm, prompting the JMA to name it Peipah. Early on April 9, Peipah weakened to a tropical depression. Later on April 10, the JMA declared that Peipah had dissipated as the JTWC classifies that it is still a tropical depression. The JTWC made its final warning on Peipah later that day, as the storm’s remnants continued to move northwest slowly towards the eastern Philippines. Late on April 13, Peipah regenerated into a tropical depression to the east of the Philippines, while slowly continuing to approach the island nation. However, the system soon began to weaken, even while slowing down just east of the Philippines. On April 15, Peipah became disorganized and the system’s convection was displaced from its center of circulation, prompting the JTWC to issued its final advisory on the system, as the storm was no longer expected to redevelop. Later on the same day, Peipah stalled, and the convection from its remnants began to drift over the southern Philippines. During the next several hours, the remnants of Peipah turned towards the southwest, until it dissipated late on April 16, just off the northeastern coast of the island of Mindanao. On April 17, the PAGASA downgraded Peipah to a low-pressure area and issued their final advisory.
Severe Tropical Storm Tapah
|Current storm status Severe tropical storm (JMA)|
|Current storm status Category 1 typhoon (1-min mean)|
|As of:||15:00 UTC April 29, 2014|
|Location:||NE of Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands About 151 nmi (280 km; 174 mi)|
|Winds:||60 knots (110 km/h; 70 mph) sustained (10-min mean) 65 knots (120 km/h; 75 mph) sustained (1-min mean) gusting to 85 knots (155 km/h; 100 mph)|
|Pressure:||980 hPa (28.94 inHg)|
|Movement:||N at 7 kn (13 km/h; 8.1 mph)|
Early on April 27, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had formed about 515 km (320 mi) south-southeast of Hagåtña,Guam. Later that day, the JTWC upgraded it to Tropical Depression 06W as it moved north. Due to warm waters, the system rapidly intensified into a tropical storm with the JMA naming it Tapah on April 28.
On January 10, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had formed southwest of Palau. The JMA then downgraded it to a low pressure area on January 12, as it made landfall over Mindanao. On February 2014, the JMA considered 2 separate systems with Lingling. Early on March 11, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 195 km (121 mi) east of Mati City, Philippines. Due to deteriorating convection and unfavorable conditions, the depression dissipated completely on March 12. On April 19, the JMA reported that a tropical depression had developed about 490 km (300 mi) southwest of Hagåtña, Guam. Due to less convection and cool waters on April 21, the depression weakened to a disturbance while still moving west. The remnants of the tropical depression fully dissipated on April 22.
Tropical cyclones are named from a set of five naming lists set by the JMA’s Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre inTokyo, Japan, once they reach tropical storm strength. Names are contributed by members of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. Each of the 14 nations and territories submitted ten names, which are used in alphabetical order, by the official English name of the country. The next 25 names on the naming list are listed here along with their international numeric designation, if they are used. The next name to be used this season is Mitag.
The PAGASA uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones in their area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. Should the list of names for a given year be exhausted, names will be taken from an auxiliary list, the first ten of which are published each year before the season starts. Names not retired from this list will be used again in the 2018 season. This is the same list used in the 2010 season, with the exception of Jose and Kanor which replaced Juan andKatring. Names that were not assigned/going to use are marked in gray. The next name to be used this season is Ester.
This table will list all the storms that developed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean west of the International Date Line and north of the equator during 2014. It will include their intensity, duration, name, areas affected, deaths, and damage totals. Classification and intensity values will be based on estimations conducted by the JMA. All damage figures will be in 2014 USD. Damages and deaths from a storm will include when the storm was a precursor wave or an extratropical low. È
|Name||Dates active||Peak classification||Sustained windspeeds||Pressure||Areas affected||Damage (USD)||Deaths||Refs|
|Tropical depression||January 10 – 12||Tropical depression||55 km/h (35 mph)||1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)||Palau, Philippines||None||None|
|Lingling (Agaton)||January 15 – 20||Tropical storm||65 km/h (40 mph)||1002 hPa (29.59 inHg)||Philippines||$12.5 million||70|||
|Kajiki (Basyang)||January 29 – February 1||Tropical storm||65 km/h (40 mph)||1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)||Caroline Islands, Philippines||Minor||6|||
|Faxai||February 27 – March 5||Typhoon||120 km/h (75 mph)||975 hPa (28.79 inHg)||Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands||None||None|
|Tropical depression||March 11 – 12||Tropical depression||Not specified||1008 hPa (29.77 inHg)||Philippines, Indonesia||None||None|
|04W (Caloy)||March 18 – 24||Tropical depression||Not specified||1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)||Caroline Islands, Philippines||None||None|
|Peipah (Domeng)||April 2 – 15||Tropical storm||65 km/h (40 mph)||998 hPa (29.47 inHg)||Caroline Islands, Philippines||None||None|
|Tropical depression||April 19 – 21||Tropical depression||Not specified||1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)||Guam, Palau||None||None|
|Tapah||April 27 – Currently active||Severe tropical storm||110 km/h (70 mph)||980 hPa (28.94 inHg)||Mariana Islands||None||None|
|9 systems||January 10 – Currently active||120 km/h (75 mph)||975 hPa (28.79 inHg)||$12.5 million||76|