Kappa Kappa Kappa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the real-life fraternity. For the Indiana sorority, see Tri Kappa.
Kappa Kappa Kappa Society
ΚΚΚ
The Kappa Kappa Kappa Seal
Founded July 13, 1842; 173 years ago
Dartmouth College
Type Social
Motto Tui Filii Dartmuthensi Tuoque Honori Fidelis
Colors Dartmouth Green
Chapters 1
Headquarters 1 Webster Avenue
Hanover, New Hampshire,USA
Homepage http://www.tri-kap.com/

Tri-Kap, view from front lawn looking west.

Kappa Kappa Kappa, known informally as Tri-Kap, is a local men’s fraternityat Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. The fraternity was founded in 1842 and is the second-oldest fraternity at Dartmouth College. Tri-Kap is the oldest local fraternity in the United States.[not verified in body] It is located at 1 Webster Avenue, Hanover, New Hampshire.

Despite offers to establish additional branches at other institutions, the brotherhood of Tri-Kap has remading a vote on the organization’s leadership. The fracture resulted in the formation of Psi Upsilon, by those who supported John Tyler in the contest, and Kappa Kappa Kappa, by those who supported Harrison Hobart.[citation needed]

Tri-Kap was founded on July 13, 1842, by Harrison Carroll Hobart and two of his closest companions, Stephen Gordon Nash, and John Dudley Philbrick, all Class of 1842.[citation needed] The society was based on the principles of democracy, loyalty to Dartmouth, and equality of opportunity. Originally a literary and debate society, Tri-Kap officially became a social society in 1905 and has remained so ever since.[citation needed]

Tri-Kap was the first student society at Dartmouth with its own meeting place, a building called The Hall, which was originally located where the Hopkins Center for the Arts stands today. Opened on July 28, 1860, the Hall served as Tri-Kap’s home until the Society moved into the Parker House in 1894.[citation needed] Parker House was located where the modern-day Silsby Hall stands. In 1923, the Society moved into 1 Webster Avenue, where it resides to this day.[citation needed]

Tri-Kap became an official social society in 1905. Since this time Tri-Kap has remained popular on the Dartmouth campus as one of Dartmouth’s largest and most popular fraternities with over 60 brothers hailing from across the United States and around the world.

Notable alumni[edit]

Honorary alumni[edit]

  • Daniel Clark (1834), U.S. Senator from New Hampshire
  • Rufus Choate (1819), U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
  • Benjamin Franklin Flanders (1842), Governor of Louisiana
  • Daniel Webster (1801), U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, Congressman, Ambassador to France, and Secretary of State
  • Lewis Cass, Governor of Michigan, U.S. Senator, and presidential nominee
  • Levi Woodbury (1809), Governor of New Hampshire, U.S. Senator, Secretary of the Treasury, and U.S. Supreme Court Justice

Delta Kappa Epsilon (secret society)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Delta Kappa Epsilon
ΔΚΕ
Official Crest of Delta Kappa Epsilon
Founded June 22, 1844; 171 years ago
No. 12 Old South Hall, Yale University, New Haven,Connecticut
Type Social
Scope International
Motto Kerothen Philoi Aei

(“Friends From The Heart, Forever”)

Colors      Azure(Blue/Navy),
Or (Gold),
and      Gules (Crimson)
Symbol Rampant Lion
Publication The Deke Quarterly
Philanthropy Rampant Lion Foundation
Chapters 54
Headquarters P.O. Box 8360
Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Homepage http://www.dke.org

Delta Kappa Epsilon (ΔΚΕ; also pronounced D-K-E or “Deke”) is one of the oldest North American fraternities with 54 active chapters across the United States and Canada. The fraternity was founded at Yale College in 1844 by 15 sophomores that were disaffected by the existing houses on campus. They established a fellowship “where the candidate most favored was he who combined in the most equal proportions the gentleman, the scholar, and the jolly good fellow.”

The private gentleman’s club the DKE Club of New York was founded in 1885 and is currently in residence at the Yale Club of New York City.

Founding[edit]

The fraternity was founded June 22, 1844,[1] in room number 12 Old South Hall, Yale College, New Haven, Connecticut. At this meeting, the Fraternity’s secret and open Greek mottos were devised, as were the pin and secret handshake. The open motto is “Kerothen Philoi Aei” (“Friends from the Heart, Forever”).

The fifteen founders were:[2] William Woodruff Atwater, Dr. Edward Griffin Bartlett, Frederic Peter Bellinger, Jr., Henry Case, Colonel George Foote Chester, John Butler Conyngham, Thomas Isaac Franklin, William Walter Horton, The Honorable William Boyd Jacobs, Professor Edward VanSchoonhoven Kinsley, Chester Newell Righter, Dr. Elisha Bacon Shapleigh, Thomas DuBois Sherwood, Albert Everett Stetson, and Orson William Stow. This first Chapter was denoted Phi chapter.

The Objects of Delta Kappa Epsilon are:

The Cultivation of General Literature and Social Culture, the Advancement and Encouragement of Intellectual Excellence, the Promotion of Honorable Friendship and Useful Citizenship, the Development of a Spirit of Tolerance and Respect for the Rights and Views of Others, the Maintenance of Gentlemanly Dignity, Self-Respect, and Morality in All Circumstances, and the Union of Stout Hearts and Kindred Interests to Secure to Merit its Due Reward.[3]

Delta Kappa Epsilon administers a charitable organization called the Rampant Lion Foundation. DKE also has championed an organization call Restore Our Associational Rights (“ROAR”) which campaigns for the freedom of fraternities and Greek organizations in general to operate without interference and discrimination from university administrations or others.

The pin of Delta Kappa Epsilon shows the Greek letters ΔΚΕ on a white scroll upon a black diamond with gold rope trim and a star in each corner. DKE’s heraldic colours are azure (blue), or (gold), and gules (crimson). Its flag is a triband of those colours with a dexter rampant lion in the middle.

Chapters[edit]

The Yale Club’s main entrance on Vanderbilt Avenue, home of The Delta Kappa Epsilon Club of New York

Within three years of the founding at Yale, chapters were founded at Bowdoin,Princeton University, Colby College, and Amherst College. DKE has grown to 54 chapters and has initiated over 85,000 members across North America.

Traditionally an Eastern Seaboard fraternity, DKE’s Yale chapter had an early reputation as a Southerner’s fraternity. Two of the original founders were from the South and 13 out of 38 members of 1845 and 1846 were from the South. AlthoughVanderbilt University claims DKE’s first chapter in the South (Gamma chapter, supposedly founded in 1847), Vanderbilt University was not founded until 1873. Psi chapter at the University of Alabama was founded in 1847.

Syracuse University‘s chapter house was used as a safe harbor by Harriet Tubman,Sojourner Truth, and William Still during passage into Canada via the Underground Railroad.

Delta Kappa Epsilon’s first West Coast chapter was founded at the University of California, Berkeley on Halloween night, 1876. The DKE chapter at Colgate University (Hamilton, NY) is one of the only DKE chapters having a Temple building, one which only can be entered by Mu DKE members. The Lambda Chapter at Kenyon College in 1854 built the first fraternity lodge in America. The Delta Kappa Epsilon Club of New York was founded in 1885 and is currently in residence at the Yale Club of New York City.[4] Delta Kappa Epsilon became an international fraternity with the addition of the Alpha Phi chapter in 1898 at the University of Toronto, Canada.

As of May 2014, Delta Kappa Epsilon has twelve colonies, at University of South Carolina, McGill University (Montreal), University of Illinois, University of Texas, North Carolina State, Hampden-Sydney College, University of Delaware, Simon Fraser University, University of Edinburgh, Ithaca College, University of Oxford, and the University of Tennessee. However, both Edinburgh and Oxford have said they were “not aware” of the fraternity’s activities on their campuses, and Edinburgh formally requested that the university’s crest was not used by the fraternity.[5]

Notable members[edit]

President Theodore Roosevelt

Delta Kappa Epsilon members have included five of forty-four Presidents of the United States: Rutherford B. Hayes, Theodore Roosevelt, Gerald Ford, George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush. Vice President of the United States, Dan Quayle, became a DKE brother at DePauw University. Franklin D. Roosevelt was a member of the Alpha Chapter of DKE at Harvard and would be considered the sixth DKE brother to serve as President of the United States; however, the Harvard chapter was de-recognized by DKE International due to the chapter’s stance on dual membership with other fraternities.

In the election of 1876, the Republican Party chose between two DKE members, nominating Hayes rather than rival and fellow DKE James G. Blaine. Blaine also ran unsuccessfully for President.

Many American and Canadian politicians, businessmen, sports figures, and artists have been members, including Joe Paterno, Herb Kelleher, J.P. Morgan, Jr.,William Randolph Hearst, Cole Porter, Henry Cabot Lodge, Dick Clark, Tom Landry, and George Steinbrenner. DKE flags were carried to the North Pole by its discoverer, Admiral Robert Peary and to the Moon by astronaut Alan Bean.

During the Civil War, the first Union officer killed in battle was DKE member Theodore Winthrop of Phi. The dying Edwin S. Rogers (Theta) of Maine was attended to by a Confederate Psi from Alabama, who observed the DKE pin and sent it to the family.[6] During the Spanish–American War, the first American officer to be killed was a DKE member, Surgeon John B. Gibbs (Phi Chi). DKE member J. Frank Aldritch (Psi Phi) died when the USS Maine was sunk.

Yung Wing, the first Chinese graduate from an American university in 1854, was a member of the Phi Chapter of DKE. Later, his citizenship was revoked and he was denied reentry to the United States by the government of Theodore Roosevelt, another member of DKE.

The late Dick Clark donated $1 million to the Delta Kappa Epsilon Foundation of Central New York, which handles finances for the fraternity’s chapters across the U.S.[7]

Purpose of Chapters[edit]

One of Delta Kappa Epsilon’s focuses within each Chapter is on community service in addition to the social aspect that goes along with most collegiate academic Greek fraternities.

Each Chapter competes for a number of awards that include leadership, chapter improvements, and community service.[8]Each of these areas is used in awarding the overall award called the Lion Trophy.

The 2011 Lion Trophy winner was Psi chapter at the University of Alabama.[9] The chapter won this award in the wake of sponsoring a food drive to help give relief to the Tuscaloosa community devastated by tornadoes.[10] The 2012 winner of the Lion Trophy was the University of British Columbia, and 2013’s Lion Trophy went to both the Psi chapter and the Iota chapter at Centre College.

Controversy[edit]

On June 6, 1892, a pledge was led blindfolded through the street during his fraternity initiation towards Moriarty’s Cafe, a popular student hang-out. He was told to run and did so at top speed. He ran into a sharp carriage pole, injuring himself. He was rendered unconscious, but the injury was not thought to be serious at the time. He suffered an intestine rupture and died five days later of peritonitis.[11][12][13][14]

In 1967, the New York Times reported on “frat-branding”—the alleged use of a hot branding iron to make a “D” shaped scar on new fraternity members. The fraternity’s then-president George W. Bush stated that they were “only cigarette burns.”[15]

In 1989, Colgate University banned all DKE activities after the officials found members guilty of hazing, blackballing and other violations of university regulations.[16] In 2005 Colgate University barred DKE from campus for refusing to sell its house to the school and join a new student-residence initiative. DKE filed a lawsuit charging that the school violated its right to free association as well as antitrust laws by monopolizing the student housing market.[17] In 2006 the Supreme Court of Madison County found that the fraternity had failed to state a cause of action and that its claim was “time-barred.”[18][19]

In December, 2008, the University of California, Berkeley dechaptered the local DKE chapter for alcohol, hazing and fire safety misconduct.[20] The chapter never closed, and continued in “rogue” status. Four years later, the chapter opted not to reapply for University recognition and continue as a rogue fraternity. In 2012, the chapter was visited by County Vice Enforcement Team for complaints about under-age drinking.[21] And on October 17, there were reports of 5 sex assaults at this chapter. The five individuals reported that they had been given “roofies” and sexually assaulted, however the reports went unconfirmed and no charges were pressed against the chapter nor its members.[22]

In October 2010, Yale’s DKE chapter came under fire after its members shouted inflammatory and misogynistic chants at an Old Campus pledge ritual.[23] These chants included, “No means yes, yes means anal.” and “My name is Jack. I’m a necrophiliac. I f— dead women and fill them with my semen.” The chapter’s president, Jordan Forney, apologized for the fraternity’s conduct, characterizing it as a “lapse in judgment.”[24] but Yale’s feminist magazine Broad Recognition called for administrative action against the leadership of DKE. By October 24, 2010, Dean Mary Miller of Yale College had strongly recommended to the DKE National Executive Director, Dr. Douglas Lanpher, that the chapter at Yale be put on probation indefinitely.[25] Instead, on May 17, 2011, the chapter was put on suspension for five years.[26] The order bars DKE from conducting any activities on the Yale campus during that time.[27]

In January 2011, the DKE chapter at the University of Alberta had its student group status suspended for three years due to alleged hazing activity.[28]

In November 2014, a DKE chapter in Edinburgh had the minutes leaked from a meeting in March 2014 by the University of Edinburgh student newspaper, The Student. The minutes allegedly made reference to comments that joked about raping the Edinburgh University Feminist Society.[29] The story gained traction in both national and international media, being picked up by The Independent, The Huffington Post, and Time magazine.

Delta Chi (law fraternity)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Delta Chi
ΔΧ
Delta Chi Coat of Arms.png
Founded October 13, 1890; 125 years ago
Cornell University
Type Social
Scope United States, Canada
Motto Leges (Law)
Colors      Red      Buff
Flower White Carnation
Philanthropy V Foundation for Cancer Research
Chapters 137
Members 107,000[citation needed] collegiate
Headquarters 314 Church Street (P.O. Box 1817)
Iowa City, Iowa 52244-1817,USA
Homepage www.deltachi.org

Delta Chi (ΔΧ) (del-ta kai) or D-Chi is an international Greek letter college social fraternity formed on October 13, 1890, at Cornell University, initially as aprofessional fraternity for law students. On April 29, 1922, Delta Chi became a general membership social fraternity, eliminating the requirement for men to be studying law, and opening membership to all areas of study. Delta Chi became one of the first international fraternities to abolish “hell week”, when it did so on April 22, 1929. Delta Chi is a charter member of the North-American Interfraternity Conference (NIC). The Fraternity is headquartered at 314 Church Street in Iowa City, Iowa 52244. As of Spring 2011, Delta Chi has initiated over 107,000 members.

History of Delta Chi[edit]

Founding[edit]

Two incidents have been credited with providing the impetus for interest in the founding of what was to become Delta Chi. One was the election of a Phi Delta Phi as the Law School Editor of the Cornell Daily Sun (the student newspaper) and the second was the election of the law school junior class president. In the case of the class presidency, Alphonse Derwin Stillman had done some campaigning for a student named Iving G. Hubbs and was unaware of any effort being made on anyone else’s behalf. When the voting results were in, Charles Frenkel, a Phi Delta Phi, was declared the winner. Frustrated, Stillman began to ask around about the election. What he found was a law school that was dominated by one small, close-knit group—Phi Delta Phi.

According to Frederick Moore Whitney, there were two or three groups working on the idea of a new law fraternity that spring. After the class election, there were meetings held in Myron Mckee Crandall’s apartment as well as in Monroe Marsh Sweetland’s law office. It is not clear how these two groups came together, though there seem to have been some individuals who had attended both groups.

While the class officer elections and the Law School Editorship incidents may have provided the initial incentives for organization, it soon became clear that those involved were looking for much more: a common bond that would materially assist each in the acquisition of a sound education and provide each member enduring value. Over the summer of 1890, many of the details of the organization were worked out by Myron Mckee Crandall, who had stayed in Ithaca until after school opened. In regard to the adoption of the constitution, Albert Sullard Barnes wrote the following in his 1907 Quarterly article:

“As I recall it, after refreshing my recollection from the original minutes now in my possession, on the evening of October 13, 1890, six students in the Law School, Brothers John M. Gorham, Thomas J. Sullivan, F.K. Stephens, A.D. Stillman and the writer, together with Myron Crandall and O.L. Potter, graduate students, and Monroe Sweetland, a former Student in the Law School, met in a brother’s room and adopted the constitution and by-laws, and organized the Delta Chi Fraternity.”

The minutes from that meeting state, “Charter granted to Cornell Chapter,” indicating from the beginning the intent to start a national fraternity.

The name of the fraternity and the badge[edit]

The choosing of the name for the new fraternity is difficult to credit to any one person. In a letter dated November 7, 1919, Myron Mckee Crandall claimed to remember having a conference with Monroe Marsh Sweetland during the summer of 1890 concerning the naming of the fraternity. He also stated that Albert Sullard Barnes may have “had something to do about it.” Monroe Marsh Sweetland claimed he, and he alone, picked the name of “Delta Chi” and that he liked the way the two words sounded together. “Delta Tau Omega” and “Omega Chi” were also early names in consideration. Sweetland further said that he submitted the design and drawing for the first badge.

There seems to be no doubt that Barnes obtained the first badge, which he subsequently lost at a class reunion 25 years later. In an article published in Volume 5 Number 1 of the Quarterly, Barnes state that he had in his possession at that time, 1907, “. . .no less than seventeen designs. . .” for the badge. The badge that Barnes owned had gold letters and a diamond in the center. This badge was frequently borrowed by the other members for special occasions and while having their pictures taken.

The first departure from this design came when Brother Richard Lonergan, Cornell 1892, had his badge made retaining the diamond in the center but had the Delta mounted in black enamel. An early description of the badge stated that the Delta was jeweled or enameled to suit the owner with a diamond usually surmounting the center. The Chi was jeweled with one garnet on each arm.

The Ritual[edit]

The main work of composing the Ritual was done by Stillman between the summer and early fall of 1890. Supposedly the Ritual was read at a meeting when it was still incomplete and was submitted shortly thereafter at a meeting on October 20, 1890, where it was adopted. Since a committee on the Ritual including Alphonse Derwin Stillman and Albert Sullard Barnes was appointed on October 13, 1890, it seems probable that it was originally read at that meeting, and that Stillman was given some help in completing it. In Stillman’s own words:

“I looked upon that Ritual as temporary and that [it] would serve until some genius could devise something entirely original. The ritual contained many phrases that were not original and which, as I remember, I did not take the trouble to mark as quotations. The principal ideas are almost as old as civilization, and it was my idea that an entirely new ritual would be prepared.”

The original Ritual was written on both sides of some sheets of old style legal cap, and was signed by each new initiate. A rehearsal was held on November 14, 1890, and on November 26, 1890, Albert T. Wilkinson, Frank Bowman, and George Wilcox were initiated in short form. It was not until December 3, 1890, when Frederick Bagley was initiated, that the full initiation was used. The structure of the Delta Chi initiation ritual has remained virtually unchanged since it was used on November 26, 1890. Later, at the May 23, 1891 meeting, the motto and the colors would be adopted by the fraternity.

The emblem[edit]

The emblem of the Fraternity is a secret symbol for the fraternity, only initiated members can learn about the different aspects that make up the current emblem.

Expansion[edit]

On October 13, 1890, Founders Myron Mckee Crandall, Owen Lincoln Potter, and Monroe Marsh Sweetland were placed on the Supreme Council and authorized to proceed with expansion plans. At that same meeting, Albert Sullard Barnes was appointed to work “Buffalo Law School” for possible expansion due to his association with a student there. The lack of enrollment at the school and the fact that the Phi Delta Phi Chapter there was doing poorly, delayed expansion to that school until later. Building Delta Chi into a true national fraternity began during the spring of 1891.

On April 14, 1891, John Francis Tucker of New York University went to Ithaca and earned the confidence and regard of the Cornell Chapter. He was initiated into Delta Chi that night and was sent back to prepare his associates for induction.

Although Stillman remembers Tucker (who was a member of Delta Upsilon) coming to find out about Delta Chi, Wilkinson tells the story with more confidence:

“At first the chapter and the fraternity were the same thing, and there were not separate officers. But in the spring of 1891, in the month of May, I think, we received a visit from John Francis Tucker of New York. We put up a big bluff, and treated him with great formality and instructed him to return to the place whence he came, and make formal application in writing for a charter from our ancient and honorable body. As soon as he departed, there was a hurry call for a meeting to organize a body to which he could apply and it was then that the first general officers of the fraternity, as distinct from the chapter, were elected. I cannot remember for the life of me who they were, except that I was Treasurer.”

When Tucker appeared the next spring, the national organization had to be reorganized in order to accommodate the applicant from N.Y.U. As it turned out, Tucker played a significant role in the development of the Fraternity. In a letter to Johnson dated February 22, 1892, he stated:

“As to Dickinson Law School, I have been at work at that school since last August and I think I now have six more pledges, I have worked up a chapter of 25 men at the Albany Law School and another 12 men at the University of Minnesota.”

In 1892 four more chapters were established, three of which exist today (the fourth Albany Law School—had its charter transferred in 1901 to Union College; the Union Chapter existed until 1994). Twelve chapters were founded within the first decade. On February 13, 1897, Delta Chi became an international fraternity with the installation of the Osgoode Hall Chapter in Toronto, Canada. Delta Chi’s first Convention was held in 1894 at the Michigan Chapter.

Delta Chi goes single membership[edit]

In 1909 in Ithaca, New York, the 15th Convention of Delta Chi adopted an amendment to the Constitution prohibiting dual-membership (i.e. initiating members of other fraternities, and prohibiting Delta Chi members from joining other fraternities). Founded as a professional law fraternity, Delta Chi had been initiating members of Delta Tau Delta, Sigma Alpha Epsilon,Alpha Tau Omega and the other general fraternities. As time passed, several chapters that had voluntarily refrained from initiating members of other fraternities began pushing for a change in the constitution to prevent dual memberships. The issue and ultimate decision cost the Fraternity the New York Law (1905), West Virginia (1908), Northwestern (1909) and Washington University in St. Louis (1909) Chapters.

Delta Chi becomes a general fraternity[edit]

The years after the 1909 decision were years of great change and unrest. The United States became involved in World War I with a majority of the members of the active chapters dropping their college courses and enlisting in the armed forces. Chapter houses became almost deserted, and a convention in August 1917 was unthinkable. At the end of the war, the college men returned to the universities to complete their courses. The chapter finances were generally in bad condition as were the houses. Attempting to rebuild, many chapters stretched the recruiting restrictions by initiating men who had no intention of studying law. In the 1919 May issue of the Quarterly, editor Roger Steffan, Ohio State ’13 became the torchbearer of the issue of general membership with his editorial: “Shall We Go On a General fraternity?” claiming that the majority of the chapters were “no longer even predominantly legal in their membership.”

Starting in 1919 in Minneapolis at the 20th Convention, the issue of becoming a general fraternity was hotly debated until 1921 in Columbus, Ohio at the 21st Convention. The convention was deadlocked on two amendments, for and against general membership respectively. For three days votes were held, until at last (on a swing vote by the Buffalo Alumni Chapter representative), the Wadsworth amendment was adopted. Ratified in 1922, the amendment made Delta Chi a general fraternity, no longer requiring its members to be law students at their respective universities and colleges.

1922 to the Present[edit]

In 1923 the old “XX” (until then, the 15-man governing body of the general fraternity) was abolished and replaced with an executive committee of seven. This board, composed of the “AA”, “CC”, “DD”, “EE”, and three members-at-large, was the governing body of the fraternity between Conventions. A new “XX” was created as an advisory body to the executive committee; its membership consisted of the “BB”s elected by each chapter.

The position of Executive Secretary was created in 1923 and provision made for a permanent central office that was finally established in 1929. The position of Director of Scholarship came into being in 1925 to lead the drive for general scholastic excellence. In 1927, one full-time Field Secretary was placed in direct contact with the chapters and, in 1935 a second one was added to the staff. By 1930, Delta Chi had grown to 36 chapters and in 1934 the Headquarters began publishing the Quarterly . During this era Delta Chi made two noteworthy contributions to the Greek letter fraternity world. The first of these was the Tutorial Advisor Plan—members of the faculty (preferably not members of the Fraternity) living in the house where they acted as tutors, advisors, and counselors.

In yet another way Delta Chi took the lead among Greek letter organizations. At the 1929, Estes Park Convention, Delta Chi unanimously voted to abolish “Hell Week.” (The following day another national organization, meeting in convention, also abolished hazing.)

The position of “EE” was also abolished at the 1929 Convention, and at the 1935 Convention, the executive board was increased to nine.

In 1937 the Pennsylvania State Chapter invited six chapters in neighboring states to meet with them. Dean C. M. Thompson, the “AA” at the time, saw the potential of such gatherings and promptly asked the Indiana Chapter to be host for the first Midwest Regional Conference. After that the Regional Conference plan blossomed. World War II was a temporary setback to this new plan but the need, desire, and concept were not forgotten. After the war, Delta Chi saw its conference program expand and become more purposeful.

After the Great Depression and on the verge of the United States entering World War II, the Fraternity celebrated its 50th anniversary with 35 chapters. Once again young men went off to war and many of the chapter houses were taken over by the military, as had been done during the First World War. It was the alumni dues program started in 1935 that provided the main source of revenue to the fraternity while the chapters were not in operation.

After the war, chapters resumed normal operations. By 1950, Delta Chi had 39 chapters. 1951 saw the retirement of O.K. Patton from the position of Executive Secretary that he had held part-time since 1929 on an official basis while he was a professor of Law at Iowa. Prior to that time he had effectively operated the central office since his election as “CC”.

When Patton was elected “CC” in 1923 he put the records in one room of a downtown Iowa City building and hired one part-time secretary. After the “general” membership question was resolved, Delta Chi grew from 21 to 36 chapters by 1929 and the records and related activities had expanded to four rooms and four secretaries. Effectively after the fact, Delta Chi established its Headquarters in Iowa City, where it has stayed.

In 1958, the size of the Executive Board was increased to include the “AA”, “CC”, “DD”, the immediate past “AA”, and Regional Representatives called Regents.

In 1960, the Fraternity employed its first, full-time executive, Harold “Buc” Buchanan, Wisconsin ’35. Up to this time the fraternity was run by volunteers or part-time employees. At the 1960 Convention, a “Building Loan Fund” was created. The original level of assessment proved too low and, in 1962, the Delta Chi Housing Fund was established to assume the function of the “Building Loan Fund.” Today, the Housing Fund has loans outstanding to chapters and colonies across the country.

Also at the 1962 Convention, the regional representatives were re-designated as ‘regents’ and the Executive Board was renamed the Board of Regents.

In 1969, the fraternity moved out of rented space into its first permanent facility. The property is wholly owned by Delta Chi and houses the archives of the fraternity and a staff of four directors, five traveling consultants and four clerical employees.

At the 1975 Chicago Convention, the Order of the White Carnation was created to honor alumni who give outstanding service to the fraternity in a meritorious but inconspicuous way. The first inductee into the Order was Victor T. Johnson, Purdue ’32. In 1983, Senator Henry “Scoop” Jackson, Washington ’34 was selected as the first Delta Chi of the Year in honor of his achievements in his chosen profession.[1]

Organizational goals[edit]

Delta Chi’s stated mission is to “promote friendship, develop character, advance justice, and assist in the acquisition of a sound education”[2]

Founding Fathers[edit]

The Founders of the Delta Chi Fraternity

  • Albert Sullard Barnes
  • Myron McKee Crandall
  • John Milton Gorham, (First “BB”)
  • Peter Schermerhorn Johnson
  • Edward Richard O’Malley
  • Owen Lincoln Potter, (First “AA”)
  • Alphonse Derwin Stillman
  • Thomas Allen Joseph Sullivan
  • Monroe Marsh Sweetland
  • Thomas David Watkins
  • Frederick Moore Whitney

Philanthropy[edit]

In 2006, the members of The Delta Chi Fraternity named The V Foundation for Cancer Research as the fraternity’s official philanthropic organization. Since then, the brothers of Delta Chi have dedicated countless hours to their partnership with The V Foundation for Cancer Research. As of October 2015, Delta Chi has raised nearly $500,000 for the Foundation and generously donated three grants. [3]

Organization of the fraternity[edit]

Undergraduate officer positions[edit]

Delta Chi chapters and colonies have six permanent officer positions. While each position has strict definitions of responsibility, their duties may vary slightly from group to group.

  • A – The “A” is the president of the chapter or colony. He serves as presiding officer at chapter meetings and chapter events.[4]
  • B – The “B” is the vice president of the chapter or colony. He schedules and chairs executive committee meetings, and oversees all committees.[5]
  • C – The “C” is the secretary of the chapter or colony. He keeps record of chapter or colony meetings, and is responsible for completing necessary paperwork and online forms.[6]
  • D – The “D” is the treasurer of the chapter or colony. He is responsible for tracking chapter financial records and files, as well as collecting dues and creating a budget.[7]
  • E – The “E” is the alumni secretary. He is responsible for contacting and communicating with alumni. He also works on chapter or colony newsletters and other publications.[8]
  • F – The “F” is the Sergeant at Arms. The “F” works on developing and implementing safety precautions for chapter or colony events.[9]

Committee positions[edit]

Each chapter and colony is encouraged to have a functioning committee system. Each committee chairman has duties designated by Delta Chi. Committees include subjects such as recruitment,[10] educating new recruits,[11] philanthropy, scholarship, social events, housing, and others.

Support alumni positions[edit]

  • BB – The role of the “BB” is to mentor, advise and service as a liaison between student members and alumni. This position is required by Delta Chi Law to be a two-year term and served by a Delta Chi alumnus.[12]
  • Alumni Board of Trustees – The purpose of The Alumni Board of Trustees (ABT) is to lead, supervise and advise the chapter.[13]
  • Housing Corporation – The role of the Housing Corporation is to manage the chapter or colony housing facilities and all legal responsibilities of such management. Since a Housing Corporation is a separate, incorporated legal entity, it has no requirements set forth by Delta Chi Law.[14]

Chapters and colonies[edit]

For a listing of all Delta Chi chapters and colonies see List of Delta Chi chapters.

Delta Chi chapters are unique in naming. Most college fraternities and sororities are named in an alphabetical Greek system. This is not so with Delta Chi chapters and colonies, who are named by institution, and sometimes by self-naming. Therefore, the first ‘Alpha’ chapter was the Cornell Chapter.

Famous Delta Chis[edit]

Chi Phi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chi Phi
ΧΦ
The Crest of the Chi Phi Fraternity
Founded December 24, 1824; 190 years ago
Princeton University
Type Social
Scope United States
Motto Truth, Honor and Personal Integrity
Colors Scarlet      and Blue
Symbol Chakett
Chapters 54
Colonies 6
Headquarters 1160 Satellite Blvd NW
Suwanee, Georgia, USA
Homepage http://chiphi.org

The Chi Phi (ΧΦ) Fraternity is an American College Social Fraternity that was established as the result of the merger of three separate organizations that were each known as Chi Phi. The earliest of these organizations was formed at Princeton in 1824. Today, Chi Phi has over 43,500 living alumni members from over 100 active and inactive Chapters and un-chartered Colonies. Currently Chi Phi has 54 active Chapters and 6 Colonies.

Early history[edit]

Chi Phi Society[edit]

“On Christmas Eve in 1824, an association was formed to promote the circulation of correct opinions upon Religion, Morals, Education & excluding Sectarian Theology and party Politics. It was the duty of each member to publish at least once a month in any convenient way some article designed to answer the above object. When at length it disbanded, its religious feature was absorbed and perpetuated by what is known now as the ‘Philadelphian Society’ organized in February, 1825, and said to be an offspring of the Nassau Hall Tract Society. The old Chi Phi constitution was discovered in 1854 by some undergraduates who emphasizing the social and disregarding the religious purpose reorganized the society into the modern Greek letter fraternity of the same initials. The majority of the religious societies founded in Princeton were less general in their scope but more efficient in their work than the old Chi Phi.” – from “Princeton” by Varnum Lansing Collins 1914

Chi Phi Society Founders[edit]

The Princeton Order[edit]

Records of the original Chi Phi Society were discovered in 1854 by John Maclean, Jr. of the class of 1858. Maclean found the records in his uncle’s (also named John Maclean, Jr.) paperwork, who happened to be president of the college at that time. Maclean joined with students Charles Smith DeGraw and Gustavus W. Mayer to form a new Chi Phi Fraternity that was based on some records of the original society but also with many characteristics that differed from the original society. While the Chi Phi Fraternity of today was actually founded in 1854, the members place great emphasis on the 1824 date because of many aspects that were carried over from the original records discovered in 1854. The names of the founders of the original society of 1824 were not even known to the 1854 founders; however, they were later discovered and published in the book “Princeton” by V.L. Collins in 1914. The Chi Phi Fraternity founded by Maclean was also short-lived. The group existed sub rosa only until 1859 when it was abandoned completely. However, before the Princeton chapter died off, it was able to successfully establish a second chapter at Franklin and Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1854. The chapter at Franklin and Marshall in turn planted a chapter at Gettysburg College in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.[1][2][3]

The Southern Order[edit]

The second Chi Phi Fraternity was founded at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill on August 21, 1858 by five undergraduate students. The Chi Phi Fraternity of the South was also the second exclusively southern Fraternity established prior to the Civil War and was very successful in planting six chapters prior to the outbreak of hostilities and nine afterwards, but prior to the merger with the Northern Order. All but the UNC chapter suspended operations as a result of the Civil War.[4]

Southern Order Founders[edit]

  • Rev. Augustus Moore Flythe – Class of 1859 – Episcopal Deacon and Missionary, New Bern, North Carolina
  • Capt. Thomas Capehart, CSA – Class of 1861 – Beginning in April 1861, served as a Lieutenant in the Bethel Regiment, 1st North Carolina Volunteers (Infantry), commanded by Col. D.H. Hill, afterwards a General in the CSA. In early 1862, he then became the Captain of Co. C, 3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery. After the Seven Days fight, this organization disbanded on account of scarcity of horses and equipment and he was commissioned as a Captain in Wynn’s Cavalry (15th) Battalion, organized for State defense remaining as such until the surrender. He lived the remainder of his life as a wealthy planter in Vance Co., N.C. near the village of Kittrell, where the home he built in 1867 still stands and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • John Calhoun Tucker – Class of 1861 – Served as Private in Co. I (Burt Avengers raised in Hinds Co.), 39th Mississippi Infantry and died in service on December 28, 1862 near Port Hudson, Louisiana at the age of 23. At the surrender, only seven of his company were reported in service.
  • William Harrison Greene – Class of 1862 – Served as a Lieutenant in Co. G, 5th Alabama Infantry Regiment assigned to the Rodes Brigade and the Army of Northern Virginia throughout the War. He was wounded in the leg at Sharpsburg, Antietam, Maryland in September 1862. He later became a gentleman farmer at Wayside, Mississippi.
  • Dr. Fletcher Terry Seymour, M.D. – Class of 1862 – Served as a Private in the 6th Tennessee Infantry in 1862. He was honorably discharged on account of ill health and became a merchant and planter at Eurekaton, Tenn.

Secret Order of Chi Phi[edit]

On November 14, 1860, the third independent fraternity to be named Chi Phi was founded at Hobart College, Geneva by twelve men who took the initiatory oath and received a badge. The twelve men later became known throughout Chi Phi as the “Twelve Apostles”. The fraternity was officially known as the “Secret Order of Chi Phi” and the first chapter would be called the Upsilon chapter. The Secret Order of Chi Phi at Hobart planted four additional chapters, and then in 1865, negotiations began regarding a merger with the Princeton Order. Negotiations were completed on May 29, 1867, and chapters from both groups united as the Northern Order.[4]

Secret Order Founders[edit]

  • John William Jones (1861)
  • Alexander Johnson Beach (1862)
  • Amos Brunson (1862)[5]
  • George Gallagher Hopkins (1862)
  • Edward Storey Lawson (1862)
  • Samuel Watkins Tuttle (1862)
  • David Saxton Hall, Jr. (1863)
  • David Post Jackson (1863)
  • Harvey Nixon Loomis (1863)
  • William Henry Shepard (1863)
  • William Sutphen (1863)
  • Frank Bradshaw Wilson (1864)

Merger of the North and South[edit]

Following the end of the Civil War, on March 27, 1874, the North and South orders officially formed a united organization known as the Chi Phi Fraternity. At the meeting, three members from each order adopted a constitution and by-laws and established a date for the first convention, which was held in Washington, DC on July 23, 1874.[6][7][8]

Growth and Development[edit]

In June 1867, due to the disruption of the American Civil War, a group of Southern students led by Peter Mitchell Wilson, A-A ’69 and other students from the States of Louisiana and South Carolina, chartered the Theta Chapter of the Southern Order at the University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. This Chapter is thought to be the first international and only European Chapter of an American College Fraternity.

Except for a brief period in 1911, three Chi Phis (Joseph Mackey Brown, John Marshall Slaton and Nathaniel E. Harris) held the office of Governor in the State of Georgia from 1909 to 1917. Brown was vehemently opposed to Slaton’s pardon of Leo Frank in 1915 and since his death in 1932, Brown has been implicated as a conspirator in Frank’s lynching.[citation needed]

Chi Phi’s conservative expansion philosophy that only the old, well established schools were suitable for a Chapter led to the denial of a petition for a charter by a group of students at the University of Richmond in 1901. This group went on to found the Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity. During the subsequent fifty-three year period, Sigma Phi Epsilon chartered over 140 Chapters, while Chi Phi only chartered 14.

Chapters[edit]

Further information: List of Chi Phi chapters

Notable members[edit]

Chi Heorot

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chi Heorot

Chi Heorot (often referred to simply as “Heorot” or “XH”) is a local fraternity atDartmouth College located in Hanover, NH.

History[edit]

Heorot was founded in 1897 as a local fraternity called Alpha Alpha Omega. In 1902 it was granted a charter as the Chi chapter of Chi Phi. Soon after, the fraternity moved to its present location on East Wheelock Street, and in 1927 sold off its eighteenth-century house and built the house that stands today. By the mid-1900s, the Dartmouth chapter of Chi Phi was having some issues with its national charter. Some of these disagreements are alleged to have regarded the admission of an African-American student into the Dartmouth chapter, in violation of Chi Phi rules at that time.[1] In 1968 the house finally dissociated from the national fraternity.

The house then became Chi Phi Heorot. After several suspensions by the College in the early eighties, it re-joined the national in 1982. However, in the winter of 1985 the brothers of Heorot attempted to turn the central hall on the first floor of the house into an ice hockey rink by flooding it and opening the doors to allow Hanover’s subzero winter temperatures to freeze the water. This caused the floor to fall through into the basement, resulting in costly damage that the national organization refused to help pay to fix. Because of this lack of support from the national, Heorot again opted to become a local fraternity, and the college assumed ownership of the property and house.

Naming[edit]

After its final dissociation from the national in 1985, the fraternity chose the name Chi Heorot, derived from the medieval poem Beowulf. Heorot is the great hall where warriors converge to tell their stories, described by the anonymous author in the following excerpt:

Then, as I have heard, the work of constructing a building
Was proclaimed to many a tribe throughout this middle earth.
In time – quickly, as such things happen among men –
It was all ready, the biggest of halls.
He whose word was law
Far and wide gave it the name ‘Heorot’.[2]
The men did not dally; they strode inland in a group
Until they were able to discern the timbered hall,
Splendid and ornamented with gold.
The building in which that powerful man held court
Was the foremost of halls under heaven;
Its radiance shone over many lands..[3]

Athletics[edit]

Heorot draws a good deal of its brotherhood from a variety of varsity athletic teams; ice hockey, cross country and track, tennis, rowing, and skiing are all well represented. Notable alumni include Gerry Geran ’18, Adam Nelson ’97, and Andrew Weibrecht ’09, who have won Olympic medals in ice hockey, shot put, and ski racing respectively.[4] NHL hockey playersLee Stempniak, David Jones, Hugh Jessiman, Tanner Glass, Ben Lovejoy, J.T. Wyman and Matt Lindblad are all also members of the fraternity.

Chi Gamma Epsilon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chi Gamma Epsilon
ΧΓΕ

Chi Gamma Epsilon House

Founded 1904 as Beta Gamma
Dartmouth College
Type Social
Scope Dartmouth College
Motto “Come As You Are”
Symbol Phoenix
Chapters 1
Headquarters 7 Webster Avenue
Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
Homepage http://www.dartmouthchigam.org

Chi Gamma Epsilon (ΧΓΕ) is a local fraternity at the American Ivy Leagueuniversity of Dartmouth College. “Chi Gam,” as it is commonly known, was formerly part of the Kappa Sigma fraternity, before breaking off for political reasons. On campus, Chi Gam is known for its dance parties such as Gammapalooza, its house pong game known as ship [1] and its commitment to community service. In past years Chi Gam gained a reputation as the “Baseball Frat,” although now the house is populated by a wide variety of different people, including members of the Dartmouth Lightweight Crew team, Dartmouth Swim team, and writers for The Dartmouth.

House History[edit]

Chi Gamma Epsilon began as the fraternal organization Beta Gamma in 1904. There were 11 founding members. In 1905, Beta Gamma was given national status as the Gamma Epsilon chapter of Kappa Sigma at Dartmouth College. From 1914 to 1916, the brothers raised enough money to build a small wooden house in an empty lot at 7 Webster Avenue. The house was razed in 1935 for need of a larger structure. By 1937, the new house was completed. Ives Atherton ’24 is credited with heading construction and gathering funds.

The house became a local fraternity in 1981 due to a dispute with the national organization and changed its name fromKappa Sigma to Kappa Sigma Gamma. The house further separated itself from the national organization by undergoing a name change to the current Chi Gamma Epsilon. The brothers voted upon this on March 31, 1987. In between the deliberation period, the house was called 7 Webster Ave. The Gamma Epsilon part of the name originates from the fact that the house was originally the Gamma Epsilon chapter of Kappa Sigma.

Notable Alumni[edit]

Chi Gamma Epsilon has a strong network of famous and influential alumni. Prime examples include John Donahoe ’82 (Chairman of PayPal and former CEO of eBay), Brad Ausmus ’91 (MLB pitcher, current manager of the Detroit Tigers),[2] Mike Remlinger ’87 (MLB pitcher 1991-2005), Ben Blum ’09 (World record holding rower), Russell Carson ’55 (General Partner of Welsh, Carson, Anderson & Stowe, member of Dartmouth Board of Trustees, individual Carson Hall is named after), and numerous world-team rowers.

Alpha Sigma Phi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the fraternity in the Philippines, see Alpha Sigma Phi Philippines, Inc.
Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity
ΑΣΦ
Alpha Sigma Phi Crest.png
Founded December 6, 1845; 169 years ago
Yale University
Type Social
Scope United States
Motto Causa Latet Vis Est Notissima

“The cause is hidden, the results well-known”

Colors Cardinal and Stone
Symbol Phoenix
Flower Cardinal rose and yellow tea rose
Chapters 100 active, 27 colonies, 2 interest groups, 129 total groups
Headquarters 710 Adams Street
Carmel, Indiana, USA
Homepage alphasigmaphi.org

Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity and Foundation (ΑΣΦ,[1][2] commonly abbreviated to Alpha Sig) is a fraternity with 91 active chapters, 29 colonies, and 5 interest groups.[3] Founded at Yale in 1845, it is the 10th oldest fraternity in the United States.

The fraternity practices many traditions. Its Latin motto is, Causa Latet Vis Est Notissima (“The cause is hidden, the results well-known”).[4] The fraternity’s official symbol is the phoenix, as the phoenix rises from the ashes of its old body, signifying the re-founding of the fraternity in the early 1900s. Due to active expansion efforts, Alpha Sigma Phi continues to offer services and opportunities to over 2,500 undergraduate students and 70,000 living alumni.[5]

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

Alpha Sigma Phi was founded by three men at Yale College in 1845 as a secret sophomore society composed of many of the school’s poets, athletes, and scholars.[6] Upon rising through the ranks of the school, members shared membership with Alpha Sigma Phi in Skull and Bones and Scroll and Key.[7]

The founders of Alpha Sigma Phi were:

Louis Manigault

Louis Manigault was the son of Charles I. Manigault, a wealthy rice planter from South Carolina who traced his ancestry to a Huguenot refugee who fled from Louis XIV‘s persecution and came to America in 1691. He served in the American Civil War as assistant to the Confederate Surgeon General. Moreover, he was a prominent plantation and slave owner in South Carolina.[8]
Stephen Ormsby Rhea was the son of John Rhea, an important cotton planter of Louisiana who helped open the disputed territory of West Floridaand made it a part of the U.S. and state of Louisiana.
Horace Spangler Weiser, of York, Pennsylvania, was a descendant of Conrad Weiser, also a refugee from Europe who became famous in theFrench and Indian War, representing several colonies in treaty negotiations with Native Americans.[6]

Manigault and Rhea met at St. Paul’s Preparatory School near Flushing, New York, where both were members of the same literary society and were preparing themselves for admission to Yale. Weiser attended a private school in New Haven, and he met Rhea early in his freshman year, who introduced him to Manigault.

Once at Yale, Manigault and Rhea became members of Yale’s Calliopean Literary Society, and Weiser was a member of the Linonian Literary Society. Manigault was very much interested in the class society system at Yale and noted the class fraternities provided experience for their members and prepared them for competition in literary contests. The sophomore class there had only one society, Kappa Sigma Theta, which displayed an attitude of superiority toward non-fraternity men.[7]

Manigault revealed to his friends Rhea and Weiser a plan for founding another sophomore society. Rhea agreed and enlisted Weiser to become the three founders of Alpha Sigma Phi. Their first official meeting was held in Manigault’s room on Chapel Street on December 6, 1845. The constitution and ritual were then written and the fraternity pin was designed. The first pledge class, of 14 members, was initiated on June 24, 1846.[6]

After the birth of Alpha Sigma Phi, an intense rivalry began with Kappa Sigma Theta. The rivalry expressed itself in their publications, Kappa Sigma Theta’s “The Yale Banger” and Alpha Sigma Phi’s “The Yale Tomahawk.” In 1852, the editors of The Tomahawk were expelled after violating faculty orders to cease publication. However, the rivalry between the organizations continued until 1858, when Kappa Sigma Theta was suppressed by the faculty.[7]

Beyond Yale[edit]

Mu Chapter at the University of Washington

The first charter was granted to University of Massachusetts, Amherst as Beta Chapter, but it only lasted about six months, at which time the parent chapter requested that it dissolve and return the constitution. However, a fragmentary document in the Yale library suggests that Beta was chartered in 1850 at Harvard but lived a very short life due to a wave of puritanism. The chapter at Harvard was revived in 1911 as Beta Chapter but only survived about 20 years; the charter was withdrawn due to Harvard’s anti-fraternity environment. When UMass Amherst was restored in 1854, it was designated as Delta Chapter. However, when the chapter at Marietta College was chartered in 1860, it too was given the Delta designation, despite the parent chapter being aware of this discrepancy.[6]

When the Civil War broke out across the United States, almost every member of Delta at Marietta enlisted in the Union Army.[citation needed]Three of the brothers gave their lives fighting for the Union cause. Former chapter presidents William B. Whittlesey and George B. Turner fell on the battle fields of Chattanooga and Lookout Mountain. They willed their personal possessions and their swords to the chapter, which treasured those mementos until the chapter closed in the mid-1990s.[7]

During the Civil War, the mother chapter at Yale was torn by internal dissension. Because less attention was being given to the sophomore class societies, some Alpha Sigma Phi members pledged to Delta Kappa Epsilon, a junior class society, and attempted to turn the control of Alpha Sigma Phi over to Delta Kappa Epsilon.[7] However, the attempt was thwarted by members of Alpha Sigma Phi who had pledged to the other two junior class societies. A conflict ensued, and the faculty suppressed Alpha Sigma Phi to end the disorder. However, the traditions of Alpha Sigma Phi were carried on by two new sophomore class societies, Delta Beta Xi and Phi Theta Psi. Louis Manigault sought to renew his loyalty and friendship with his brothers of Alpha Sigma Phi, and agreed with Rhea and Weiser to consider Delta Beta Xi its true descendant. They were unaware at the time that Delta Chapter at Marietta still existed as Alpha Sigma Phi.[7]

Refounding[edit]

The second founders were:

  • Wayne Montgomery Musgrave, an honors graduate of New York University, Yale and Harvard. He provided the organizational spark that fanned Alpha Sigma Phi into national prominence.
  • Edwin Morey Waterbury, born in Geneseo, New York on September 26, 1884, son of Dr. Reuben A. and Frances Waterbury. Dr. Waterbury was an educator, and vice-principal of the New York State Normal School at Geneseo from 1873 to 1895.[7]

With the inactivation of Delta Beta Xi at Yale, Alpha Sigma Phi was kept alive only at Marietta by Delta. At Yale, four friends agreed in a conversation over a card game that an organization was needed that was open to all students, instead of representing only the sophomore or junior classes. The four friends were Robert L. Ervin, Benjamin F. Crenshaw, Arthur S. Ely, and Edwin M. Waterbury.[6]

Other members soon joined the group in their mission, the first of which were Fredrick H. Waldron and Wayne M. Musgrave. Ervin knew some of the alumni brothers of Delta at Marietta and asked them to send the first letter to Delta. On March 27, 1907, Ely, Crenshaw, Musgrave, Waldron, and Waterbury traveled to Marietta and were initiated into Alpha Sigma Phi. Upon returning to New Haven, they initiated the other friends they had recruited into the new Alpha chapter at Yale.[7]

Many of the old Alpha members returned to Yale upon hearing the news of the refounding, and helped acquire the fraternity’s first piece of real estate, the “Tomb”, a windowless two story building. No non-member was allowed entrance. No member could speak of the interior of the building, and were even expected to remain silent while passing by the exterior of the building.[7]

Expansion[edit]

Theta Chapter at the University of Michigan

A new national organization was formed at an Alpha Sigma Phi conference at Marietta in 1907, and within a year there were three new chapters: Zeta at Ohio State, Eta at the University of Illinois, and Theta at the University of Michigan. In 1910 another convention was held with the members of the former chapters at Yale, Amherst and Ohio Wesleyan University, and a delegation from the YaleDelta Beta Xi fraternity. All of these pledged to anew their loyalty to a restored Alpha Sigma Phi, and soon afterward the chapters Mu at the University of Washington, Nu at University of California, Berkeley, and Upsilon at the Pennsylvania State University were added.[7]

Alpha Sigma Phi survived World War I fairly easily and even recruited many new members during those years. In the post-war era, Alpha Sigma Phi expanded at the rate of one chapter per year. In 1939, Phi Pi Phi merged with Alpha Sigma Phi, as the Great Depression left that fraternity with only five of its original twenty-one chapters. World War II hit Alpha Sigma Phi hard, with many brothers losing their lives due to the conflict, forcing many chapters to close.[6]

On September 6, 1946, Alpha Kappa Pi merged with Alpha Sigma Phi. Alpha Kappa Pi had never had a national office, but was still a strong fraternity. During the war, they had lost many chapters and realized the need for a more stable national organization. Alpha Sigma Phi expanded again in 1965 by five more chapters when it merged with Alpha Gamma Upsilon.[6]

The 1980s found a younger generation of leaders taking the reins of the fraternity. Keeping in mind one of its oldest traditions, being a fraternity run by undergraduates, the leadership and undergraduates began expanding in new directions. In 2006, Alpha Sigma Phi won the North-American Interfraternity Conference‘s Laurel Wreath Award for the Ralph F. Burns Leadership Institute for new members.[7]

Notable members[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Name Chapter and Year Known For
Bradford G. Corbett Wagner 1958 Owner, Texas Rangers (1974–80)[9]
Fitz Eugene Dixon, Jr. Widener University1973 Owner, Philadelphia 76ers (1976–1981)
Ray Eliot University of Illinois1938 Head Football Coach, University of Illinois (1942–59) 3-time Big Ten Conference Champion & 2-time Rose Bowl Winner
Rich Duwelius The Ohio State University 1974 Olympic Gold Medalist – Volleyball, 1984 Summer Olympics
Bob Howsam University of Colorado 1938 President and General Manager, Cincinnati Reds “Big Red Machine” (1967–1977)
Billy “White Shoes” Johnson Widener University1971 American football player (1974–1988)
Press Maravich Davis and Elkins College 1941 Head Basketball Coach; University of Louisville, North Carolina State University, and Clemson University. Father of Pistol Pete Maravich, Basketball Hall of Fame
Bennie Oosterbaan University of Michigan 1927 3-time All-American football player (1924–1928), University of Michigan Head Football Coach (1948–1958) 3-time Big Ten Conference Champion & 1948 Associated Press Poll National Champion
Robin Reed Oregon State University 1926 Wrestling Gold medalist, 1924 Summer Olympics
Tom Watson Stanford University1971 Pro golfer, 8-time Major Winner, 3-time Vardon Trophy winner, & 10th all time in PGA tour wins

Arnold Palmer (golfer) Wake Forest University

Authors, editors, and publishers[edit]

Name Chapter and Year Known For
Harold T. P. Hayes Wake Forest University 1944 Editor, Esquire Magazine (1963–1973)
Reinhold Niebuhr Yale University 1913 Protestant theologian
Rick Santelli University of Illinois 1974 CNBC commentator, derivatives trader

Business leaders and entrepreneurs[edit]

Name Chapter and Year Known For
Warren Buffett University of Pennsylvania 1948 Chairman and CEO, Berkshire Hathaway (1970-), billionaire and philanthropist
Ratan Tata Cornell University 1962 Chairman and CEO, Tata Group (1991-2012), billionaire and philanthropist
Andrew McKelvey Westminster 1954 Chairman and CEO, Monster Worldwide, Inc. (1967–2006), billionaire and philanthropist
Jon Mittelhauser University of Illinois 1990 Co-founder, Netscape Communications, founding father of the Web browser[10]
Charles F. Feeney Cornell University 1953 Co-Founder, DFS Galleria

Education[edit]

Name Chapter and Year Known For
Andrew Dickson White Yale 1850 First President – Cornell University (1866–1885)

Government[edit]

Name Chapter and Year Known For
John Kasich The Ohio State University 1973 Congressman, Ohio (1983–2001), Governor of Ohio (2010-)
Andrew G. Douglas Toledo 1951 Justice, Ohio State Supreme Court (1985–2002)
Arthur Flemming Ohio Wesleyan University 1924 United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (1958–1961)
Skip Humphrey American University 1962 Minnesota Attorney General (1983–1999)
C. Everett Koop Dartmouth College 1934 Surgeon General of the United States (1982–1989)
Horace R. Kornegay Wake Forest 1942 U.S. Representative, North Carolina (1961–1969); Chairman, The Tobacco Institute (1982–1986)
Charles G. Oakman Michigan 1924 U.S. Representative, Michigan (1953–1955)
Ross Swimmer University of Oklahoma 1961 Special Trustee for American Indians at the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (2001-)
Frank Wolf Penn State 1960 U.S. Representative, Virginia (1981-)
Eric Swalwell University of Maryland, College Park 2001 U.S. Representative, California (2013-)
Samuel Bodman Cornell University 1957 United States Secretary of Energy (2005–2009)

Musicians, stage, and screen performers[edit]

Name Chapter and Year Known For
Robert Loggia Wagner College 1951 Actor, Mr. MacMillan in Big
Vincent Price Yale University 1930 Actor, The Inventor in Edward Scissorhands
Willard Scott American University 1946 TV personality, weatherman on The Today Show
Ted Cassidy West Virginia Wesleyan 1939 Actor, Lurch on The Addams Family
Andrew Kenny UNC Charlotte 2010 Actor, Stamp Kid in Juwanna Mann

Controversy over inclusion of women[edit]

In 1983, Tau Chapter of Stanford University split off from the national fraternity organization over controversy regarding that chapter’s inclusion of women as initiated members. The chapter had begun the tradition of initiating women some years earlier, but when a female member became president of the chapter, the national fraternity organization reacted with an immediate suspension and threat of charter revocation.[11] Tau Chapter became Alpha Sigma Co-Ed Fraternity thereafter, surviving independently for over ten years.[12]

Active chapters, colonies, and interest groups[edit]

See also