2016

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 2016. For other uses, see 2016 (disambiguation).

2016 (MMXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (dominical letter CB) of the Gregorian calendar, the 2016th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 16th year of the 3rd millennium, the 16th year of the 21st century, and the 7th year of the 2010s decade.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Main article: Deaths in 2016
Further information: Category:2016 deaths

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal

Wheelchair rugby at the 2016 Summer Paralympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wheelchair rugby
at the XV Paralympic Games
Wheelchair Rugby, Rio 2016.png
Venue Rio Olympic Arena
Dates 14–18 September 2016
Competitors 96 (8 teams)
2012 2020→

Wheelchair rugby at the 2016 Summer Paralympics will be held in theRio Olympic Arena, also known as the Arena Carioca , from 14 September to 18 September 2016.[1] There is a single event, for which both genders are eligible,[2] where 8 teams compete.[1]

Qualification[edit]

Teams receive an allocation in the following order, and under the following processes:

  • A National Paralympic Committee (NPC) may enter one team. The host country directly qualifies, as long as it has a rank on the IWRF Wheelchair Rugby World Ranking List, [1] closing 1 May 2016.
  • The top ranked NPC (not otherwise qualified) at the 2014 World Championships directly qualifies, subject to the eligibility requirement.
  • The highest ranked NPC (not otherwise qualified) from the Wheelchair Rugby competition at the 2015 Parapan American Games directly qualifies.
  • The two (2) highest ranked NPCs (not otherwise qualified) from the 2015 IWRF European Division A Championship directly qualify.
  • The highest ranked NPC (not otherwise qualified) from the 2015 IWRF Asia-Oceania Championship directly qualifies.

If any of the Zonal Championships are not held, then the next highest ranked NPC from that Zone (not otherwise qualified) on the IWRF Wheelchair Rugby World Ranking List closing 1 May 2016 qualifies

  • The two (2) highest ranked NPCs from the designated IWRF Paralympic Qualification Tournament qualify. If the Qualification Tournament is not held then the two (2) highest ranked NPCs (not otherwise qualified) on the IWRF Wheelchair Rugby World Ranking List closing 1 May 2016 qualify. In the event, the competition was held, with France and United States qualifying.
Qualified Means of qualification Date Venue Berths
 Brazil Host country 2 October 2009 DenmarkCopenhagen 1
 Australia 2014 IWRF Wheelchair Rugby World Championships 21–26 September 2014 Denmark Odense[3] 1
 Canada 2015 Parapan American Games 8-14 August 2015 Canada Toronto[4] 1
 Great Britain
 Sweden
2015 IWRF European Division A Championship 13–20 September 2015 Finland Nastola[4] 2
 Japan 2015 IWRF Asia-Oceania Championship 29 October–
1 November 2015
Japan Chiba[4] 1
 France
 United States
IWRF Wheelchair Rugby Olympic Qualifier 21 April 2016 France Paris 2

Tournament[edit]

Group A[edit]

Pos Team

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  United States 3 3 0 0 165 142 +23 6 Semi-finals
2  Japan 3 2 0 1 163 155 +8 4
3  Sweden 3 1 0 2 145 151 −6 2 Classification matches
4  France 3 0 0 3 141 166 −25 0
Source: Rio2016
14 September 2016
12:45
v
United States  51–42 France
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Jean Choiniere, Liam Costello
14 September 2016
16:00
v
Japan  50–46 Sweden
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Mitch Carr, Darren Roberts
15 September 2016
10:30
v
Sweden  44–54 United States
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Alexander Schriener, Lukasz Symczak
15 September 2016
16:00
v
Japan  57–52 France
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Brian Ward, Pierre-Alexandre Briere
16 September 2016
10:30
v
France  47–55 Sweden
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Mitch Carr, Jean Choiniere
16 September 2016
16:00
v
United States  57–56 Japan
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Pierre-Alexandre Briere, Lukasz Symczak

Group B[edit]

Pos Team

Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Australia 3 3 0 0 188 158 +30 6 Semi-finals
2  Canada 3 2 0 1 174 160 +14 4
3  Great Britain 3 1 0 2 152 135 +17 2 Classification matches
4  Brazil (H) 3 0 0 3 125 186 −61 0
Source: Rio2016
(H) Host.
14 September 2016
10:30
v
Australia  53–51 Great Britain
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Pierre-Alexandre Briere, Alexander Shriener
14 September 2016
19:15
v
Canada  62–48 Brazil
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Lukasz Szymczak, Brian Ward
15 September 2016
12:45
v
Great Britain  49–50 Canada
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Liam Costello, Mitch Carr
15 September 2016
19:15
v
Australia  72–45 Brazil
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Darren Roberts, Jean Choiniere
16 September 2016
12:45
v
Brazil  32–52 Great Britain
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Alexander Schriener, Liam Costello
16 September 2016
19:15
v
Canada  62–63 Australia
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Darren Roberts, Brian Ward

Knockout Stage[edit]

Semi-finals Final
17 September
  United States  60
  Canada  55
18 September
  Australia  59
  United States  58
Third place
17 September 18 September
  Australia  63   Japan  52
  Japan  57   Canada  50

Classification Round[edit]

Seventh place Match[edit]

17 September 2016
10:30
v
Brazil  54–59 France
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Perre-Alexandre Briere, Brian Ward

Fifth place Match[edit]

17 September 2016
19:15
v
Great Britain  56–42 Sweden
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Lukasz Symczak

Medal round[edit]

Semifinals[edit]

17 September 2016
12:45
v
United States  60–55 Canada
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Alexander Schriener, Liam Costello
17 September 2016
16:00
v
Australia  63–57 Japan
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Jean Choiniere, Mitch Carr

Bronze Medal Match[edit]

18 September 2016
09:00
v
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Japan  52–50 Canada
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Darren Roberts, Liam Costello

Gold Medal Match[edit]

18 September 2016
12:30
v
1st, gold medalist(s) Australia  59–58 2nd, silver medalist(s) United States
Report
Carioca Arena 1, Rio de Janeiro
Referee: Pierre-Alexandre Briere, Alexander Schreiner

References

Paratriathlon at the 2016 Summer Paralympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Paratriathlon
at the XV Paralympic Games
Triathlon, Rio 2016 (Paralympics).png
Venue Fort Copacabana
Dates 10–12 September 2016
Competitors 60 in six events
←inaugural 2020→

The paratriathlon competitions at the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro are scheduled to take place from 10–12 September 2016 atFort Copacabana. Sixty athletes will compete across two genders, and six events.[1] This will be the first Paralympic Games to feature paratriathlon, one of two new sports (along with paracanoe) added to the schedule for 2016.

Format[edit]

The Paralympic triathlon contains three components; a 750 m (820 yd) swim, 20 km (12 mi) cycle, and a 5 km (3.1 mi) run. The competitions take the form of a single event between all competitors with no heats. Competition takes place across four of the five recognised paratriathlon classifications; both genders will compete in the PT2 and PT4 classifications, the PT1 category for men only, where wheelchair athletes use handcycles on the cycling leg, and racing wheelchairs on the run leg, and the PT5 category for women only, where women with visual impairments will be assisted by a sighted guide, using a tandem bicycle on the cycling leg; as with other events for blind and visually impaired athletes, any guide will not count as a quota athlete but will be awarded a medal as appropriate.

No competition will be held in the PT3 classification in 2016.

Paratriathlon at the 2016 Summer Paralympics – Classification and events
Classification Description Men’s Event Women’s Event
PT1 Athletes with mobility impairments that render them incapable of safely running or pedalling a bicycle. They must have a classification assessment score of up to 640,0 points.Athletes must use a recumbent handcycle during the cycling stage and a racing wheelchair for the running phase of the race. no women’s event will be held in this classification in 2016.
PT2 Athletes with mobility impairments that have a classification assessment score of up to 454,9 points.Amputees may use approved prostheses or supportive devices during the running and cycling stages.
PT3 Athletes with mobility impairments such as muscle power, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia or athetosis that have a classification assessment score from 455,0 to 494,9 points.Athletes may use approved prostheses or supportive devices during the running and cycling stages. no event will be held in this classification in 2016
PT4 Athletes with mobility impairments such as muscle power, limb deficiency, hypertonia, ataxia or athetosis that have a classification assessment score from 495,0 to 557,0 points.Athletes may use approved prostheses or supportive devices during the running and cycling stages.
PT5 Athletes with a visual impairment. All qualifying levels of visual impairment, IBSA/IPC defined sub-classes B1, B2, and B3, are grouped together in this classification.Athletes must have a sighted guide of the same gender and nationality during the entire race and use a tandem bicycle during the cycling stage. The guide will not be counted towards a quota, but will be eligible to receive a medal. no men’s event will be held in this classification in 2016.

Qualification[edit]

In 2016, the field will largely be selected on the basis of rankings, although spaces will be reserved for the nation represented by the 2015 World Champion in each classification, two host nation athletes, and eight selections from theBipartite Commission. If host nation athletes are quaified using the ITU Rankings criteria, the host nation places will be reduced, and awarded instead by the Bipartite Commission.

An National Paralympic Committee (NPC) may be allocated a maximum of two qualification slots per medal event for a maximum total of twelve qualification slots in 2016. Exceptions may be made via the Bipartite Commission Invitation Allocation method.

To be eligible for selection by an NPC, athletes must:

  • be ranked on the ITU Paralympic Qualification List closing 30 June 2016;
  • be internationally classified with either a
    • ‘Confirmed’ sport class status or a
    • ‘Review’ sport class status with a review date after 31 December 2016.

Ten places, not including guides in the PT5 classification, are available for each of the six events, awarded as follows:

Paratriathlon at the 2016 Summer Paralympics – Qualification
Qualification event Number PT1 PT2 PT4
Men
2015 ITU World Championships
19 September 2015
United States Chicago
1 per event  Australia (AUS)  Italy (ITA)  Canada (CAN)
2016 ITU Paralympic Qualification List[2] 6 per event  United States (USA)
 Netherlands (NED)
 Netherlands (NED)
 Italy (ITA)
 Brazil (BRA)
 Great Britain (GBR)
 France (FRA)
 United States (USA)
 Morocco (MAR)
 Australia (AUS)
 Great Britain (GBR)
 Great Britain (GBR)
 Germany (GER)
 France (FRA)
 Spain (ESP)
 Mexico (MEX)
 United States (USA)
 Great Britain (GBR)
Host Quota
across all 6 events
0* N/A
Bipartite Committee Places[3]
across all 6 events
10  Great Britain (GBR)
 Japan (JPN)
 Australia (AUS)
 Germany (GER)
 Italy (ITA)
 Spain (ESP)
 France (FRA)
 Great Britain (GBR)
 Australia (AUS)
Women
PT2 PT4 PT5
2015 ITU World Championships
19 September 2015
United States Chicago
1 per event  United States (USA)  Great Britain (GBR)  Australia (AUS)
2016 ITU Paralympic Qualification List[2] 6 per event  United States (USA)
 France (FRA)
 Finland (FIN)
 Russia (RUS)
 Spain (ESP)
 Japan (JPN)
 United States (USA)
 Australia (AUS)
 Great Britain (GBR)
 France (FRA)
 Canada (CAN)
 Brazil (BRA)
 United States (USA)
 United States (USA)
 Netherlands (NED)
 Spain (ESP)
 Great Britain (GBR)
 Great Britain (GBR)
Host Quota
across all 6 events
1  Brazil (BRA)
Bipartite Committee Places[3]
across all 6 events
7  United States (USA)  United States (USA)
 Australia (AUS)
 Great Britain (GBR)
 Japan (JPN)
 Canada (CAN)
 Ireland (IRL)

Medal summary[edit]

Medal table[edit]

Rank NPC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 2 1 1 4
2  Great Britain (GBR) 1 2 1 4
3  Netherlands (NED) 1 1 0 2
4  Australia (AUS) 1 0 0 1
 Germany (GER) 1 0 0 1
6  Italy (ITA) 0 1 1 2
7  Canada (CAN) 0 1 0 1
8  France (FRA) 0 0 1 1
 Morocco (MAR) 0 0 1 1
 Spain (ESP) 0 0 1 1
Total 6 6 6 18

Events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men’s individual PT1
details
Jetze Plat
 Netherlands
Geert Schipper
 Netherlands
Giovanni Achenza
 Italy
Men’s individual PT2
details
Andrew Lewis
 Great Britain
Michele Ferrarin
 Italy
Mohamed Lahna
 Morocco
Men’s individual PT4
details
Martin Schulz
 Germany
Stefan Daniel
 Canada
Jairo Ruiz Lopez
 Spain
Women’s individual PT2
details
Allysa Seely
 United States
Hailey Danisewicz
 United States
Melissa Stockwell
 United States
Women’s individual PT4
details
Grace Norman
 United States
Lauren Steadman
 Great Britain
Gwladys Lemoussu
 France
Women’s individual PT5
details
Katie Kelly
 Australia
Alison Patrick
 Great Britain
Melissa Reid
 Great Britain

References